Oxford Annotated Bible
The Oxford Annotated Bible (OAB), published also as the New Oxford Annotated Bible (NOAB), is a study Bible published by the Oxford University Press. The notes and the study material feature in-depth academic research from nondenominational perspectives, specifically secular perspectives for "Bible-as-literature" with a focus on the most recent advances in historical criticism and related disciplines, with contributors from mainline Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, and nonreligious interpretative traditions.
Editions and Biblical versions
The first edition of the OAB, edited by Rev. Dr. Herbert G. May and Dr. Bruce M. Metzger was published in 1962, based on the Revised Standard Version (RSV) of the Bible. In 1965, OUP published a matching edition of the deuterocanonical and apocryphal books as well as a version of the OAB including them. The deuterocanonical books are used by the Roman Catholic Church and the Greek and Slavonic Orthodox Churches, as well as churches of the Anglican Communion (including the Episcopal Church). In the same year, the OAB received the official imprimatur of Cardinal Richard Cushing for use by Roman Catholics as a study Bible. Later, the NOAB was also warmly welcomed by Orthodox leaders.
The first edition of the New Oxford Annotated Bible (NOAB) was published in 1973, employing the RSV text. After the release of the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) of the Bible in 1989, OUP published a second edition of the NOAB based on that translation. The NRSV was also the basis of the third edition (2001), edited by Dr. Michael Coogan, which is considered to be much more ecumenical in approach. For example, it calls the Old Testament the "Hebrew Bible" out of consideration to Jewish readers.
In addition to the NRSV editions, the OUP continues to make May & Metzger's 1977 Revised Standard Version with the Apocrypha, Expanded edition available.
The OAB also includes a number of interpretive essays. Essay topics include Bible translations, early Jewish history and the geography of the Bible. The NOAB also features maps of the Holy Land during various time periods. The NOAB is commonly used by colleges and universities.
A fully revised Fourth Edition was released in May 2010. It contains new color maps and updated essays and commentaries. As always, versions with and without the Apocrypha were made available.
A fully revised Fifth Edition was released on April 1, 2018 with similar improvements.
Some groups, including fundamentalist and evangelical Protestants as well as traditionalist Catholics, object to the OAB because the editors adhere to contemporary, scholarly views of Biblical criticism, and thus call into question the traditional authorship of some books.
Students at Shimer College discussing The New Oxford Annotated Bible (Fall 1994)
- Metzger, Bruce (1995). Reminiscences of an Octogenarian. ISBN 9780801047138.
- May, H.G. (1974). "The Revised Standard Version Bible". Hammershaimb: 1904-1974. ISBN 9789004039100.
- "Herbert G. May, 73, Biblical Scholar". The New York Times Archives. New York. The New York Times Company. 11 October 1977. p. 38. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
- Metzger 1995, p. 80.
- May 1975, p. 239. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMay1975 (help)
- Metzger 1995, pp. 80–81.
- "The Bible: One for All at Last". Time. New York. 3 June 1966. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
- Metzger 1995, p. 81.
- Coogan, Michael D., ed. (2018). New Oxford Annotated Bible (5th ed.). p. xiv. ISBN 9780190276119.
In keeping with the general desire to take account of the diversity of the users of this study Bible, the editors have adopted two widely‐accepted conventions: referring to the first portion of the text as ‘the Hebrew Bible,’ since it is a collection preserved by the Jewish community and that is how Jews regard it; and citing all dates in the notes as BCE or CE (‘Before the Common Era’ and ‘Common Era’) instead of BC or AD (‘Before Christ’ and ‘Anno Domini’ [‘in the year of the Lord’]), which imply a Christian view of the status of Jesus of Nazareth. Use of the title ‘Old Testament’ for those books here designated as ‘the Hebrew Bible’ is confined to instances expressing the historical view of various Christian interpreters.
- "The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha, Revised Standard Version, Expanded Ed". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 29 December 2014.