Oxford East (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Oxford East in Oxfordshire.
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
|Electorate||81,644 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Oxford and Cowley|
|Member of parliament||Anneliese Dodds (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Oxford (majority) (abolished), Mid Oxfordshire and Henley|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
The seat, created in 1983, includes Oxford city centre and the majority of the Oxford colleges, Cowley (containing a large car factory) and adjoining parts of the city including a broad area of mid-to-low rise council-built housing, Blackbird Leys, which has kept varying amounts of social housing (see Right to Buy). A large percentage of the seat's electorate consists of students from Oxford and Oxford Brookes universities (the latter being in the seat). Part of the seat with a high proportion of private housing is archetypal bourgeois/leafy Headington which is mainly a mixture of student tenants and relatively high-income families. At the end of 2010 unemployment claimant count was 2.3%, 45th of the 84 South East constituencies and close to the mean of 2.45%.
From 1885 until 1983 the vast bulk of the area of the seat as it has variously been drawn since 1983 was part of the abolished Oxford constituency which had since 1945 inclusive been strongly left-leaning.
For the first four years Oxford East was served by Conservative Steven Norris. He was defeated by Labour candidate Andrew Smith who held the seat for the next 30 years. The Conservative share of the vote fell to a low of 18.8% in 2010. The seat has at times been a Labour–Liberal Democrat marginal seat such as in 2005 when Smith's tally of votes was 963 more than the Liberal Democrat candidate, giving a majority of 2.3% of all votes.
In 2015 and 2017 the runner-up candidate became a Conservative as before 2005. Smith's 2015 win (hold) made the seat the 80th-safest of Labour's 232 seats won that year by percentage of majority. Smith retired at the 2017 election and the local Labour party selected Anneliese Dodds, who won that election by 23,284 votes (43.2%). Three of five parties' candidates achieved more than deposit-retaining threshold of 5% of the vote, in 2017.
Conservative ex-MP Norris won the largest runner-up share of the vote to date, in the 1987 election – 40.4% of the vote. Turnout has ranged between 78.9% in 1987 and 55.8% in 2001.
- The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, East, Headington, Iffley, Marston, Quarry, St Clement's, Temple Cowley, and Wood Farm, and the District of South Oxfordshire wards of Littlemore, Marston, and Risinghurst.
- The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, East, Headington, Iffley, Littlemore, Marston, Old Marston and Risinghurst, Quarry, St Clement's, South, Temple Cowley, and Wood Farm. The 1997 boundary changes moved two semi-rural Conservative-leaning wards out of the seat, and incorporated the urban Oxford South ward that was strong for the Liberal Democrats and Labour.
- Since 2010
- The City of Oxford wards of Barton and Sandhills, Blackbird Leys, Carfax, Churchill, Cowley, Cowley Marsh, Headington, Headington Hill and Northway, Hinksey Park, Holywell, Iffley Fields, Littlemore, Lye Valley, Marston, Northfield Brook, Quarry and Risinghurst, Rose Hill and Iffley, St Clement's, and St Mary's. Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for the General Election 2010. These changes added Carfax and Holywell wards from Oxford West and Abingdon. This meant that Oxford city centre and the majority of Oxford colleges fell into Oxford East which had mainly been in Oxford West and Abingdon. It was forecast the alteration to equalise electorates (see apportionment) would as a by-product benefit the Liberal Democrat share of the vote which fell narrowly short in 2005. When the seat was contested on the new boundaries, Labour incumbent, Smith, quadrupled his majority on a broad range of pro-Labour two-party swings which was replicated in few seats in that election.[n 3]
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Kirsten Johnson||4,904||9.1||1.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Alasdair Murray||5,453||10.8||-22.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Mad Hatter||145||0.3||+0.3|
|Socialist (GB)||Kevin Parkin||50||0.1||+0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||17,357||33.6||−1.6|
|Socialist Equality||David O'Sullivan||116||0.2||N/A|
|Equal Parenting Alliance||Roger Crawford||73||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||14,442||34.6||+11.2|
|Independent ('New Loony')||Honest Blair||1,485||3.6||N/A|
|Ind. Working Class||Maurice Leen||892||2.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||9,337||23.4||+8.7|
|Socialist Alliance||John Lister||708||1.8||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Fahim Ahmed||274||0.7||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Linda Hodge||254||0.6||−0.1|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||George Kershaw||7,038||14.7||+0.7|
|ProLife Alliance||William Harper-Jones||318||0.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||John Thompson||108||0.2||N/A|
|Independent Anti-majority Democracy||Pathmanathan Mylvaganam||68||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||6,105||13.0||−2.6|
|Natural Law||Ann Wilson||101||0.2||N/A|
|Revolutionary Communist||Keith Thompson||48||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.7|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Oxfordshire
- Boundary Commission for England
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- In 2008 on the constituency's previous boundaries Labour candidates won in local government elections 11 of the wards, Lib Dems: 4, Greens: 3 and an Independent Working Class Association candidate won the remaining ward seat.
- "Electorate Figures". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "'Oxford East', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 29 January 2017
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O"
- "GENERAL ELECTION: List of Oxfordshire parliamentary candidates published". The Oxford Times.
- "South Live: Thursday 11 May". BBC News.
- "Parliamentary candidate announced to replace Labour's Andrew Smith". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
- "Conservatives reveal Dr Suzanne Bartington as candidate for Oxford East". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
- "Dr Kirsten Johnson". Liberal Democrats.
- "Larry Sanders pledges to tackle inequality if he becomes Oxford East MP". Oxford Mail.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Ann Duncan". Oxfordshire Green Party.
- McKenzie, Conor (2 March 2015). "Alasdair Murray to Take the Fight to Labour". Oxford East Lib Dems. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- "UK Polling Report".
- Collie, Jason. "Oxford East candidates – who you can vote for". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- "TUSC parliamentary candidates in May 2015" (PDF). TUSC. 4 February 2015.
- "General Election – Campaign News". Socialist Party of Great Britain. 15 January 2015.
- total electorate 78978: email from Oxford City
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Oxfordshire Green Party news release, 4 February 2010. Peter Tatchell was the prospective parliamentary candidate for the Green Party until withdrawing in December 2009 for health reasons.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- Rallings, C; Thrasher, M (1995). The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies. Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre. p. 131.
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- This was an unusual election, in which an incumbent was challenged by two people who later became MPs.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Election result 2015
- Election result, 2015 (BBC)
- Election result, 2010 (BBC)
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997–2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997–2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983–1992 (Election Demon)