Oxford East (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Oxford East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Oxford East in Oxfordshire
Outline map
Location of Oxfordshire within England
CountyOxfordshire
Electorate81,644 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlementsOxford and Cowley
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of ParliamentAnneliese Dodds (Labour Co-op)
Number of membersOne
Created fromOxford (majority) (abolished), Mid Oxfordshire and Henley[2]

Oxford East is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Anneliese Dodds of the Labour Party, who also serves as Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer.[n 2]

Oxford East parliamentary election 2010 candidates (Andrew Smith represented by a colleague) with hustings chair the Very Revd Bob Wilkes

The constituency covers the eastern and southern parts of Oxford in Oxfordshire. It borders Oxford West and Abingdon to the west and Henley to the north, east and south.

The seat, created in 1983, includes Oxford city centre and the majority of the Oxford colleges, Cowley (containing a large car factory) and adjoining parts of the city including a broad area of mid-to-low rise council-built housing, Blackbird Leys, which has kept varying amounts of social housing (see Right to Buy).

A large percentage of the seat's electorate consists of students from Oxford and Oxford Brookes universities (the latter being in the seat). Part of the seat with a high proportion of private housing is archetypal bourgeois/leafy Headington which is mainly a mixture of student tenants and relatively high-income families, while the seat also includes the similarly prosperous areas of Grandpont and New Hinksey in the south of the city. At the end of 2010 unemployment claimant count was 2.3%, 45th of the 84 South East constituencies and close to the mean of 2.45%.[3]

History[edit]

From 1885 until 1983 the vast bulk of the area of the seat, as it has variously been drawn since 1983, was in the abolished Oxford constituency, historically Liberal then for some decades Conservative, and which then alternated with the Labour Party, who took that seat in the late 1960s and late 1970s.

For the first four years (from 1983) Oxford East was served by Conservative Steven Norris. He was defeated by Labour candidate Andrew Smith who held the seat for the next 30 years before retiring. The Conservative share of the vote fell to a low to date, of 16.7%, in 2005, a year when the seat became an emphatic Labour–Liberal Democrat contest, and the votes for Andrew Smith were 963 more than the "Lib Dem" candidate: a majority of 2.3% of the votes (electorate voting).

Smith held the seat in 2015; it was the 80th-safest of Labour's 232 seats won that year by percentage of majority.[4] On his retirement the local Labour party selected Anneliese Dodds. At[which?] election she took 23,284 votes (43.2%), broadly in line with many of Smith's results.

In 2015 and 2017 the runner-up became a Conservative as before the last two general elections.[clarification needed] The Green Party's candidate has stood in all eight contests since the party was branded as such, once retaining its deposit, in 2015, with almost 12% of the vote.

Ousted ex-MP Norris won the largest runner-up's share of the vote to date (40.4%) during the 1987 general election, which was in general a drubbing for the Liberal party who had a candidates' pact with Social Democratic Party (SDP) candidates and a fallout among the SDP's Gang of Four. Turnout has ranged between 78.9% in 1987 and 55.8% in 2001.

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

Oxford East candidates in the 2010 general election at a climate change hustings.
1983–1997
The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, East, Headington, Iffley, Marston, Quarry, St Clement's, Temple Cowley, and Wood Farm, and the District of South Oxfordshire wards of Littlemore, Marston, and Risinghurst.[5]
The constituency formed largely from the majority of the abolished Borough Constituency of Oxford.  Also included three wards in the District of South Oxfordshire, previously part of Henley (Littlemore) and the abolished constituency of Mid-Oxon (Marston and Risinghurst).
1997–2010
The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, East, Headington, Iffley, Littlemore, Marston, Old Marston and Risinghurst, Quarry, St Clement's, South, Temple Cowley, and Wood Farm.[6]
The 1997 boundary changes reflected changes to local government boundaries with the majority of the area comprising the three South Oxfordshire wards having been absorbed into the City of Oxford. The remaining, semi-rural Conservative-leaning areas were transferred back to Henley. The urban Oxford South ward that was strong for the Liberal Democrats and Labour was transferred from Oxford West and Abingdon.
Since 2010
The City of Oxford wards of Barton and Sandhills, Blackbird Leys, Carfax, Churchill, Cowley, Cowley Marsh, Headington, Headington Hill and Northway, Hinksey Park, Holywell, Iffley Fields, Littlemore, Lye Valley, Marston, Northfield Brook, Quarry and Risinghurst, Rose Hill and Iffley, St Clement's, and St Mary's.[7]
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency, in order to equalise electorates, for the General Election 2010 following changes to the City's ward structure. These changes added Carfax and Holywell wards from Oxford West and Abingdon. This meant that Oxford city centre and the majority of Oxford colleges fell into Oxford East which had mainly been in Oxford West and Abingdon. It was predicted that these changes would benefit the Liberal Democrats, whose share of the vote had fallen slightly in 2005. When the seat was contested on the new boundaries, Labour incumbent, Smith, quadrupled his majority on a broad range of pro-Labour two-party swings which was replicated in few seats[clarification needed] in that election.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1983 Steve Norris Conservative
1987 Andrew Smith Labour
2017 Anneliese Dodds Labour Co-op

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election 2019: Oxford East[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Anneliese Dodds 28,135 57.0 Decrease8.2
Conservative Louise Staite 10,303 20.9 Decrease1.1
Liberal Democrats Alistair Fernie 6,884 13.9 Increase4.8
Green David Williams 2,392 4.8 Increase1.5
Brexit Party Roger Carter 1,146 2.3 Steady
Independent David Henwood 238 0.5 Steady
Independent Chaka Artwell 143 0.3 Decrease0.2
Independent Phil Taylor 118 0.2 Steady
Majority 17,832 36.1 Decrease7.1
Turnout 49,340 63.3 Decrease5.5
Labour Co-op hold Swing Decrease3.6
General election 2017: Oxford East[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Anneliese Dodds[12] 35,118 65.2 Increase15.1
Conservative Suzanne Bartington[13] 11,834 22.0 Increase2.1
Liberal Democrats Kirsten Johnson[14] 4,904 9.1 Decrease1.7
Green Larry Sanders[15] 1,785 3.3 Decrease8.3
Independent Chaka Artwell 255 0.5 Increase0.2
Majority 23,284 43.2 Increase13.2
Turnout 53,896 68.8 Increase4.6
Labour Co-op hold Swing Increase6.5
General election 2015: Oxford East[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Smith 25,356 50.0 +7.5
Conservative Melanie Magee 10,076 19.9 +1.0
Green Ann Duncan[17] 5,890 11.6 +9.2
Liberal Democrats Alasdair Murray[18] 5,453 10.8 −22.8
UKIP Ian Macdonald[19] 3,451 6.8 +4.5
Independent Chaka Artwell[20] 160 0.3 +0.3
Monster Raving Loony Mad Hatter[20] 145 0.3 +0.3
TUSC James Morbin[21] 108 0.2 +0.2
Socialist (GB) Kevin Parkin[22] 50 0.1 +0.1
Majority 15,280 30.1 +21.2
Turnout 50,689 64.2[23] +1.1
Labour hold Swing
Oxford East parliamentary election 2010 candidates (Andrew Smith represented by a colleague) with hustings chair the Very Revd Bob Wilkes
General election 2010: Oxford East[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Smith 21,938 42.5 +6.5
Liberal Democrats Steve Goddard 17,357 33.6 −1.6
Conservative Ed Argar 9,727 18.8 +1.5
Green Sushila Dhall[25] 1,238 2.4 −2.1
UKIP Julia Gasper 1,202 2.3 +0.6
Socialist Equality David O'Sullivan 116 0.2 N/A
Equal Parenting Alliance Roger Crawford 73 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,581 8.9 +6.6
Turnout 51,651 63.1 +5.6
Labour hold Swing +2.45

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Oxford East[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Smith 15,405 36.9 −12.5
Liberal Democrats Steve Goddard 14,442 34.6 +11.2
Conservative Virginia Morris 6,992 16.7 −2.0
Green Larry Sanders 1,813 4.3 +0.5
Independent ('New Loony') Honest Blair 1,485 3.6 N/A
Ind. Working Class Maurice Leen 892 2.1 N/A
UKIP Peter Gardner 715 1.7 +0.3
Independent Pathmanathan Mylvaganam 46 0.1 −0.1
Majority 963 2.3 -23.7
Turnout 41,790 57.9 +2.1
Labour hold Swing −11.8
General election 2001: Oxford East[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Smith 19,681 49.4 −7.4
Liberal Democrats Steve Goddard 9,337 23.4 +8.7
Conservative Cheryl Potter 7,446 18.7 −3.3
Green Pritam Singh 1,501 3.8 +1.7
Socialist Alliance John Lister 708 1.8 N/A
UKIP Peter Gardner 570 1.4 +0.9
Socialist Labour Fahim Ahmed 274 0.7 N/A
ProLife Alliance Linda Hodge 254 0.6 −0.1
Independent Pathmanathan Mylvaganam 77 0.2 0.0
Majority 10,344 26.0 -8.8
Turnout 39,848 55.8 −12.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Oxford East[28][29][30][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Smith 27,205 56.8 +6.6
Conservative Jonathan Djanogly 10,540 22.0 −11.5
Liberal Democrats George Kershaw 7,038 14.7 +0.7
Referendum John Young 1,391 2.9 N/A
Green Craig Simmons 975 2.0 +0.0
ProLife Alliance David Harper-Jones 318 0.7 N/A
UKIP Peter Gardner 234 0.5 N/A
Natural Law John Thompson 108 0.2 N/A
Independent Anti-majority Democracy Pathmanathan Mylvaganam 68 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,665 34.8 +18.1
Turnout 47,877 68.4 -5.8
Labour hold Swing +9.1
General election 1992: Oxford East[32][33][34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Smith 23,702 50.4 +7.4
Conservative Mark Mayall 16,164 34.3 −6.1
Liberal Democrats Martin Horwood 6,105 13.0 −2.6
Green Caroline Lucas 933 2.0 +1.1
Natural Law Ann Wilson 101 0.2 N/A
Revolutionary Communist Keith Thompson 48 0.1 N/A
Majority 7,538 16.1 +13.5
Turnout 47,053 74.6 −4.3
Labour hold Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Oxford East[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andrew Smith 21,103 43.0 +5.7
Conservative Steven Norris 19,815 40.4 +0.4
Liberal Margaret Godden 7,648 15.6 −7.1
Green Dave Dalton 441 0.9 N/A
Independent Pathmanathan Mylvaganam 60 0.1 N/A
Majority 1,288 2.6 −0.1
Turnout 49,067 78.9 +5.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +2.7
General election 1983: Oxford East[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Steven Norris 18,808 40.0 N/A
Labour Andrew Smith 17,541 37.3 N/A
Liberal Margaret Godden 10,690 22.7 N/A
Majority 1,267 2.7 N/A
Turnout 47,039 73.9 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Neighbouring constituencies[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "'Oxford East', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 29 January 2017
  5. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  7. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O"
  9. ^ "Oxford East Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  10. ^ "GENERAL ELECTION: List of Oxfordshire parliamentary candidates published". The Oxford Times.
  11. ^ "South Live: Thursday 11 May". BBC News.
  12. ^ "Parliamentary candidate announced to replace Labour's Andrew Smith". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  13. ^ "Conservatives reveal Dr Suzanne Bartington as candidate for Oxford East". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  14. ^ "Dr Kirsten Johnson". Liberal Democrats.
  15. ^ "Larry Sanders pledges to tackle inequality if he becomes Oxford East MP". Oxford Mail.
  16. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Ann Duncan". Oxfordshire Green Party.
  18. ^ McKenzie, Conor (2 March 2015). "Alasdair Murray to Take the Fight to Labour". Oxford East Lib Dems. Archived from the original on 7 March 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  19. ^ "UK Polling Report".
  20. ^ a b Collie, Jason. "Oxford East candidates – who you can vote for". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
  21. ^ "TUSC parliamentary candidates in May 2015" (PDF). TUSC. 4 February 2015.
  22. ^ "General Election – Campaign News". Socialist Party of Great Britain. 15 January 2015. Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  23. ^ total electorate 78978: email from Oxford City
  24. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  25. ^ Oxfordshire Green Party news release, 4 February 2010. Peter Tatchell was the prospective parliamentary candidate for the Green Party until withdrawing in December 2009 for health reasons.
  26. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  27. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  29. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
  30. ^ Rallings, C; Thrasher, M (1995). The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies. Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre. p. 131.
  31. ^ The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
  32. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  33. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  34. ^ This was an unusual election, in which an incumbent was challenged by two people who later became MPs.
  35. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  36. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 51°45′N 1°12′W / 51.75°N 1.20°W / 51.75; -1.20