Oxford Road Halt railway station

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Oxford Road Halt
Location
PlaceWater Eaton
AreaCherwell
Grid referenceSP500118
Operations
Original companyLondon and North Western Railway
Pre-groupingLondon and North Western Railway
Post-groupingLMSR
Platforms2
History
1905Opened
1917Closed
1919Reopened
1926Closed Completely
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z

Oxford Road Halt was a railway station on the Varsity Line 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the hamlet of Water Eaton, Oxfordshire.

History[edit]

The Varsity Line from Bletchley to Oxford was opened in stages by the Buckinghamshire Railway. It had been opened as far as Islip on 1 October 1850,[1] from Islip to a temporary station at Banbury Road on 2 December 1850,[1] and from Banbury Road to Oxford on 20 May 1851.[2] At the point where the main Oxford-Banbury road (now the A4165 road) crossed the line, a level crossing was constructed, known as Oxford Road Crossing (grid reference SP500118). This was the location of the temporary Banbury Road terminus, which was used until the facilities at Oxford were ready.[3]

On 1 April 1854 the Buckinghamshire Junction Railway (often known as the Yarnton Loop) was opened, between Oxford Road Junction and Yarnton Junction.[4] The former junction was constructed just to the south-west of Oxford Road Crossing, although the two routes did not diverge until a point somewhat further to the south-west, at grid reference SP499116.[5]

For over fifty years no permanent station had been provided between Oxford and Islip. In 1905, the London and North Western Railway (successor to the Buckinghamshire Railway) constructed three halts on that stretch of line; two were Summertown Halt (later Port Meadow Halt) and Wolvercote Halt, whilst the northernmost was Oxford Road Halt, and which was situated just east of Oxford Road Crossing.[5] Two of these halts (including Oxford Road Halt) were opened on 9 October 1905; all three closed on 1 January 1917, reopened 5 May 1919 and the London, Midland and Scottish Railway finally closed them on 30 October 1926.[6][7][8]

In 1935 the Oxford Road level crossing was replaced by a bridge to the north-east, which crosses the railway over the site of the former halt.[9]

In 1942 a Government grain silo was built next to the site as part of a Second World War network to concentrate scarce food and distribute it by rail. It was in operation until the late 1980s.[10] In October 2013 Chiltern Railways had it demolished as part of site preparation for the planned Oxford Parkway railway station and car park.[11]

Oxford Road Junction remained; the signalbox was resited slightly to the north-east on 4 November 1956, and on 15 September 1958 was renamed Banbury Road Junction, since there is a junction just north of Reading West also named Oxford Road Junction. It was closed on 29 October 1973.[12]

Oxford Parkway[edit]

As part of the operator's Project Evergreen 3, Chiltern Railways launched services from a new station on an adjacent site next to the existing Water Eaton Park and Ride site, called Oxford Parkway. It is a stop on a new service between London Marylebone and Oxford.

Route[edit]

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Wolvercote Halt
Line open, station closed
  London and North Western Railway
Varsity Line
  Islip
Line and station open

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b James, p.60
  2. ^ James, p.64
  3. ^ Mitchell & Smith, fig. VII
  4. ^ Jenkins & Quayle, pp.37,40
  5. ^ a b Mitchell & Smith, fig. VI
  6. ^ Mitchell & Smith, figs. 24,27,28
  7. ^ Waters, p.128
  8. ^ Simpson, p.107
  9. ^ Mitchell & Smith, figs. VII,28
  10. ^ Memory Lane (21 October 2013). "a look back at the history of the Water Eaton grain silo as wartime facility nears its end". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  11. ^ Fantato, Damian (2 November 2013). "Water Eaton grain silo is demolished". Oxford Mail. Newsquest. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  12. ^ Mitchell & Smith, fig. 29

References[edit]

  • James, Leslie (1983). A Chronology of the Construction of Britain's Railways 1778-1855. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1277-6.
  • Jenkins, S.C.; Quayle, H.L. (1976). The Oxford, Worcester & Wolverhampton Railway. The Oakwood Library of Railway History. 40 (1st ed.). Blandford: Oakwood Press.
  • Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (2005). Oxford to Bletchley. Country Railway Routes. Midhurst: Middleton Press. ISBN 1-904474-57-8.
  • Simpson, Bill (1997). A History of the Railways of Oxfordshire. Part 1: The North. Banbury and Witney: Lamplight Publications. ISBN 1-899246-02-9.
  • Waters, Laurence (1986). Oxford. Rail Centres. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1590-2.
  • "Disused Stations". Subterranea Britannica.

Coordinates: 51°48′11″N 1°16′33″W / 51.8030°N 1.2759°W / 51.8030; -1.2759