Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway
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Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway
The line's history
The OIR linked the quarry with the Great Western Railway about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the east at a junction just north of Banbury. The line was opened between 1917 and 1919 and closed in 1967; the line was 'lifted', that is the line was formally closed and physically removed from the site, between 1967 and 1968. The quarry was heavily worked in the Second World War. The line also served the Banbury Alcan works at one point. The popular footpath from Drayton to Drayton Lodge crossed the railway at Drayton Crossing.
Wroxton Central Ironstone Quarry was opened by 1919, closed and filled in 1967. Langley Ironstone Quarry was built near Balscot by 1926, and was closed and filled during 1943 when it ran out of ironstone. Dyke Lane Bridge was built in 1940 and abandoned in 1967.
The line was extended to the Balscote Quarry which was worked between 1956 and its closure in 1967. Balscote Quarry, a shorter-lived working, was built by 1956, but closed and filled in 1967. A newer quarry close by its former site is now served by road haulage only.
The mine buildings, manager's house and workers' halt are now a small set of new light industrial buildings, built circa 2006–2008. The track works' permanent way huts (p-huts) still stood at Drayton in 2007 and Horley in 2002. A few old OIR fence posts/gates remain to this day along the route. Banbury's Ruscote and Hardwick estate's (Daimler Avenue, Devon Way and Longends Way) are also built over a large part of its route, including most of the former Pen Hill farm grading works (Longends Way). Other built over places include the proposed minor Pin Hill maintenance depot (Pin Hill Road) and major active Pen Hill maintenance depot (Beaumont Road).
The OIR operated its own fleet of steam locomotives: 0-6-0T and 0-6-0ST locomotives built by Hunslet and 0-4-0ST's built by Hudswell Clarke. They also purchased two diesel Rolls Royce Sentinel units in the 1960s.
The Edge Hill Light Railway connection
There was talk of reopening the by then overgrown, but workable line early in to World War II but, it was decided that the Oxfordshire Ironstone line was to be considered adequate to serve the area's requirements.
- "Geograph:: Fields on the site of the old Langley... (C) Oliver Dixon".[self-published source]
- "Ironstone Enquiry Pictures". Deddington History. 2004. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Take a ride on our lost railways". Oxford Mail. 14 December 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- "Old-Maps - the online repository of historic maps - home page". www.old-maps.co.uk.
- "Geograph:: Oxfordshire Ironstone Quarries... (C) David Stowell".[self-published source]
- "Geograph:: Course of Ironstone quarry railway (C) David Stowell".[self-published source]
- "Geograph:: Site of bridge over the dismantled... (C) Roger Templeman".[self-published source]
- "Geograph:: Site of Drayton Crossing (C) David Stowell".[self-published source]
- "Geograph:: Site of Langley Ironstone Quarry (C) David Stowell".[self-published source]
- "Geograph:: Dyke Lane Bridge (C) David Stowell".[self-published source]
- "Geograph:: Stratford Road bridge and Balscote... (C) David Stowell".[self-published source]
- "House Prices in Pinhill Road, Banbury, Oxfordshire, OX16". www.rightmove.co.uk.
- "Property to let in Penhill Industrial Park, Beaumont Road, Banbury, Oxfordshire, OX16 1RW - £10000 pa". www.brown-co.com.
- "Actecs - Banbury, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom". Yelp.
- Waters, Laurence (1991). Oxfordshire Railways in Old Photographs, a Second Selection. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-86299-852-2.
- "Geograph:: Edge Hill Light Railway embankment (C) David Stowell".[self-published source]
- "A Short History of the Edge Hill Light Railway". The Colonel Stephens Railway Museum. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
- Photo gallery of the disused railway
- Apollo Business Parks LLP
- "Banbury yards and freight". Steve Banks.
- Tonks, Eric (April 1988). The Ironstone Quarries of the Midlands Part 2: The Oxfordshire Field. Cheltenham: Runpast Publishing. p. 146. ISBN 1-870-754-026.
Historic imagery of the site
Both sides of Horley's OIR tool hut or a p-hut in 2001. It's overgrown and in the bushes now.
An OIR track to sleeper pin in Drayton. The words stamped on it say it was made by the Great Western Railway in 1928. It was found in 2002.