Oshosi

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Oshoshi
Member of Orisha
Oxossi.jpg
Oxóssi sculpture at Catacumba Park, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Region Nigeria, Benin, Brazil, Haiti
Ethnic group Yoruba people

Oshosi (Yoruba: Ọ̀ṣọ́ọ̀sì, Portuguese: Oxóssi, is an Orisha of the Yoruba religion in West Africa and subsequently in Brazil.[1][2][3]

Candomblé[edit]

Oxóssi is the spirit associated with the hunt, forests, animals, and wealth.[2][4] He is spirit of meals, because it is he who provides food. He is associated with lightness, astuteness, wisdom, and craftiness in the hunt. He is the orixa of contemplation, loving the arts and beautiful things. He hunts with a bow and arrow (called an ofá), hunting for good influences and positive energies. Animals sacrificed to him in Oxóssi rituals are goat, cooked pig, and guinea fowl. The salutation of Oxóssi in the Candomblé tradition is "Okê, arô".[3]

Characteristics:

  • Consecrated day: Thursday
  • Color: blue in the (Ketu nation, otherwise green)
  • Ritual garment: blue
  • Sacred food: axoxô (maize cooked with coconut), black beans, yams, roasted cowpeas (of the subspecies Vigna sinensis)[3]
  • Necklace: blue beads
  • Archetype: power, domain
  • Symbols: bow and arrow[2][3]

Oxossí is syncretized with Saint Sebastian in the Rio de Janeiro region, the patron saint of the city. He is associated with Saint George in the Bahia region.[2]

Santería[edit]

In Santería, Ochosí is syncretized with Saint Norbert. St. Hubert was also syncretized with Saint Hubert, the imagery of St. Hubert has a bow and arrow and a stag next to him which are symbols of Oshosi. Another Catholic saint syncretized with Oshosi in Santeria is Saint Sebastian who is depicted with his body is covered with arrows, another symbol of Oshosi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Adeoye, C. L. (1989). Ìgbàgbọ́ àti ẹ̀sìn Yorùba (in Yoruba). Ibadan: Evans Bros. Nigeria Publishers. pp. 263–266. ISBN 9781675098. 
  2. ^ a b c d Araújo, Carlos de (1993). ABC dos orixás (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro, RJ: Nordica. pp. 57–60. ISBN 9788570072252. 
  3. ^ a b c d Magalhães, Elyette Guimarães de (2003). Orixás da Bahia (in Portuguese) (8a. ed. ed.). Salvador, Bahia: Secretaria da Cultura e Turismo, Empresa Gráfica da Bahia. pp. 165–166. OCLC 55792566. 
  4. ^ Oxóssi in Portuguese Wikipedia. Translated from the Portuguese 12 June 2015.