Oxshott

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Oxshott
Oxshott Heath (geograph 2117522).jpg
Oxshott Heath
Silverdale Avenue, Oxshott (geograph 2117418).jpg
Silverdale Avenue
Oxshott is located in Surrey
Oxshott
Oxshott
Oxshott shown within Surrey
Area 9.99 km2 (3.86 sq mi)
Population 4,922 (2011 census 2011)[1]
• Density 493/km2 (1,280/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ1460
Civil parish
  • n/a
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Leatherhead
Postcode district KT22
Dialling code 01372
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°19′55″N 0°21′22″W / 51.332°N 0.356°W / 51.332; -0.356Coordinates: 51°19′55″N 0°21′22″W / 51.332°N 0.356°W / 51.332; -0.356

Oxshott is a low density suburban village in the Elmbridge borough of Surrey. Oxshott includes hilly acidic heath which is partly wooded (see Esher Commons and Prince's Coverts) and occupies the land between the geographically large towns of Esher and Leatherhead. The Oxshott section of the single carriageway north-south A244 runs through its middle and briefly forms its high street, centred 2 miles (3.2 km) from the A3 (Portsmouth Road) and the M25 (London Orbital motorway). A survey in 2010 by the Daily Telegraph asserted it was "the village with most footballers" in England and mentioned other celebrities who chose to live in the village — Chelsea F.C. have their main training ground in Stoke D'Abernon, which together with Oxshott makes up an electoral ward of Surrey County Council.

Before about 1912 there was an equally-used alternative spelling, Ockshot. Oxshott was part of Stoke D'Abernon until 1912, when Oxshott gained its first place of worship. The Prince's Coverts remains part of the Crown Estate, albeit decreased by some privatisation; and the public land of the village has been protected by inclusion in the Metropolitan Green Belt.

A great many of Oxshott's residential areas are on private roads, gated off and inaccessible to the general public. This, combined with the large and desirable properties that form much of the village's housing stock, contributes to Oxshott's status as the "most expensive village in England".[2]

History[edit]

Oxshott means "Ocga's corner of land", from the Old English personal name Ocga and sceat (related to modern 'shoot') "corner of land". The first element does not, unlike Oxford, have anything to do with oxen.

The name was recorded in 1179 as Occesete. At this time Oxshott was a hamlet in the east of the village of Stoke D'Abernon[3] of about 200 people and manor living greatly from the land, rather than trade, from forestry, farming and the keeping of pigs.

Until the 16th century Oxshott was fairly isolated from other centres of population, surrounded by heath and scrubland and connected to nearby villages only by footpaths. For almost the whole of a further three centuries no major transport links crossed the parish.

In 1820, the Duchess of Kent laid the foundation stone of the national (secular) primary school here, which was enlarged in 1897; from 1885 the nature of the village was changed forever with the building of the railway. The station (first named Oxshott and Fairmile) made the area accessible to day-trippers. The following 30 years saw Oxshott expand.

The Crown Commissioners limited early housing development to mansions or villas suitable for occupation by wealthy families. Examples of these are Danes Hill, Broom Hall and Bevendean. Subsequently, the village has expanded further, and now includes most types of housing, except for medium- and high-rise.

The religious needs of the growing population were met by the consecration of St. Andrew's Church in 1912, in the Church of England.[4] Oxshott became a parish in its own right in 1913 under that name; this put an end to the use of the pre-1913 spelling of Ockshot, as used for example in 1911 in its topographical description in the Victoria County History.[3] The high street expanded from what were once just three shops: a draper's, a tobacconist's and a set of tea-rooms. Industry arrived in Oxshott when John Early Cook set up his brickworks from the local deep patch of suitable clay in 1866. Production continued until 1958, and the works' distinctive chimney was demolished in 1967. Heathfield Pond is the site of the brickwork pit; it was previously called Brick Pond. The pond is about 100 ft (30 metres) deep with a cottage and machinery at the bottom. Alfie Skelton (aged 15) died in a boating accident on the pond in March 2011.

During World War II Canadian army engineers were billeted on Oxshott Heath whilst they built the Cabinet War Rooms.

From 1920 until 1978 the Oxshott Pottery, founded by Henry & Denise Wren, was based at Potters Croft in Oakshade Road, Oxshott.

Surrounding area[edit]

Transport[edit]

Oxshott is served by commuter trains with services taking (best time) 38 minutes to Waterloo station calling at Vauxhall for interchange with the Victoria line, with local bus services also available. Oxshott railway station is just off Oxshott Heath, to the south of Oxshott Woods. Oxshott Heath geologically has an escarpment where the London clay and sand strata are raised substantially. For this reason, Oxshott had a brickworks from 1866 to 1958. The brickworks was served by a branch line that ran west from the station (towards Guildford). This is why the footbridge at the end of Sheath's Lane (this is the proper, historic spelling) can span three tracks.

At Cook's Crossing (named after John Early Cook, the owner of the brickyards), the railway crossing had three lines: two for the electrified main line to Guildford via Cobham and Stoke D'Abernon and a single track to the brickyards. This latter track can still be seen if one looks hard, and the old hand-operated gates were removed in the first years of the 21st century. The single track now disappears into the houses built on the brickyards on Somerville Road.

Many people have signed petitions for Oxshott to have a proper bus route. The current connections in the village are: the 408 every two hours, connecting to Leatherhead, Ashtead, and Epsom in one direction, and to Cobham in the other; the 513 to/from Kingston upon Thames three times a day; and, the Chatterbus[5] to/from Cobham five times a day.

2010 Oxshott train accident[edit]

On Friday 5 November 2010 at 3:40 pm there was an accident where the Guildford via Cobham railway line passes in a deep cutting under the Esher to Leatherhead road. A 26 tonne concrete mixer lorry was crashed through the road bridge's parapet and fell about 30 feet (9.1 m) onto the railway line, colliding with a train travelling from Guildford to London Waterloo. Of the 40 people on board the train, four were injured. The culpable driver of the lorry was badly injured, and also apparently had a heart attack and had to be carefully taken out of the cab by the medical services. Rail and road had been cleared and re-opened by early the following Monday.[6]

Amenities[edit]

Oxshott has one, Anglican, church, St. Andrew's. Oxshott has its own primary school, the Royal Kent, named because its predecessor was founded by the Duchess of Kent, Queen Victoria's mother, in 1820. The original building stood on the site of the petrol station. Oxshott has an independent preparatory school, Danes Hill School, and its pre-prep school, Bevendean. A senior independent school, Reed's School, just beyond its northern boundary, caters for boys aged 11 to 18 and girls aged 16 to 18.

There is also a very active sports club, which has developed from the village cricket club founded in 1896. Oxshott also has two public houses: The Victoria and The Bear. In a local monopoly, both were owned by the Courage Brewery, which still owns The Victoria.

The village has a large number of United States nationals and expatriates with their social organisations, due in part to the nearby ACS Cobham International school.

The village features in some versions, such as the Summer Olympics version[clarification needed], of the currently annual London-Surrey cycle classic.

In film and fiction[edit]

Oxshott is featured in the popular Shopaholic novels by British author Sophie Kinsella, as the hometown of the series' narrator, Becky Bloomwood.

A greater part of the historic novel "Unter der Asche" (Beneath the ashes) by German author Tom Finnek is set in Oxshott and nearby Cobham. The novel deals with the Great Fire of London 1665–66 and the so-called "Diggers", a nonconformist dissenting group during the English Civil War.

Some scenes from the Monty Python feature film Jabberwocky (1977) were filmed in Oxshott Woods.

In the 1970s ITV situation comedy George and Mildred, Mildred's brother-in-law Humphrey is described as "the offal king of Oxshott".

Notable residents[edit]

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and
apartments
Caravans/
temporary/
mobile homes
Shared
between
households[1]
Centre and north-west[n 1] 468 35 12 11 0 0
East[n 2] 447 24 10 132 0 0
South[n 3] 379 178 50 39 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan Area
(hectares)[1]
Centre and north-west 1,530 526 45.8% 39.0% 205
East 1,728 613 52.2% 31.0% 612
South 1,664 646 38.4% 41.0% 182

The proportion of households in the settlement who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Gallery[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Elmbridge 018D
  2. ^ Elmbridge 018B
  3. ^ Elmbridge 018E
References
  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ [1] The Daily Mirror Retrieved 7 November 2010
  3. ^ a b H.E. Malden, ed. (1911). "Parishes: Stoke d'Abernon". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  4. ^ St Andrew's Oxshott The Church of England Retrieved 14 December 2013
  5. ^ Chatterbus, retrieved 5 May 2015 
  6. ^ "Several injured as lorry falls on to a train". BBC News Online. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
  7. ^ Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Violet Cordery

External links[edit]