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Coordinates: 51°19′55″N 0°21′22″W / 51.332°N 0.356°W / 51.332; -0.356
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oxshott Heath
Silverdale Avenue
Oxshott is located in Surrey
Location within Surrey
Area9.99 km2 (3.86 sq mi)
Population4,922 (2011 census)[1]
• Density493/km2 (1,280/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ1460
Civil parish
  • n/a
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLeatherhead
Postcode districtKT22
Dialling code01372
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
51°19′55″N 0°21′22″W / 51.332°N 0.356°W / 51.332; -0.356

Oxshott is a suburban village in the borough of Elmbridge in Surrey, England. Oxshott includes hilly acidic heath which is partly wooded (see Esher Commons and Prince's Coverts) and occupies the land between the large towns of Esher and Leatherhead. The Oxshott section of the single carriageway north-south A244 runs through its middle and briefly forms its high street, centred two miles (three kilometres) from the A3 (Portsmouth Road) and the M25 (London Orbital motorway).

Before about 1912, there was an equally-used alternative spelling, Ockshot. Oxshott was part of Stoke D'Abernon parish until 1912, when Oxshott gained its first place of worship. The Prince's Coverts remains part of the Crown Estate, albeit decreased by some privatisation; and the public land of the village has been protected by inclusion in the Metropolitan Green Belt.

A great many of Oxshott's residential areas are on gated private roads. This, combined with the large and desirable properties that form much of the village's housing stock, contributes to Oxshott's status as the "most expensive village in England".[2]



Early history


Oxshott means "Ocga's corner of land", from the Old English personal name Ocga and sceat (related to modern 'shoot') "corner of land". The first element does not, unlike Oxford, have anything to do with oxen.

Oxshott was first recorded in 1179 as Occesete. At this time Oxshott was a hamlet in the east of the village of Stoke D'Abernon.[3] It had a population of about 200 people living from the land, rather than trade, via forestry, farming and the keeping of pigs.

Until the 16th century, Oxshott was fairly isolated from other centres of population, surrounded by heath and scrubland and connected to nearby villages only by footpaths. For almost the whole of a further three centuries, no major transport links crossed the parish.

In 1820, the Duchess of Kent laid the foundation stone of the national primary school here, which was enlarged in 1897.

Modern history


In 1885, Oxshott railway station, first named Oxshott and Fairmile, was opened on the new Guildford Line.[4] The railway transformed Oxshott from "a hamlet of pig farmers" into a popular destination for London commuters, who occupied newly constructed mock Tudor mansions on land that had been released by the Crown Estate.[5] A small high street also developed to service their needs.[5]

The religious needs of the growing population were met by the consecration of St. Andrew's Church in 1912, in the Church of England.[6] Oxshott became a parish in its own right in 1913 under that name; this putting an end to the use of the pre-1913 spelling of Ockshot, as used, for example, in 1911 in its topographical description in the Victoria County History.[3] The high street expanded from what were once just three shops: a drapers, a tobacconists and a set of tea-rooms. Industry arrived in Oxshott when John Early Cook set up his brickworks from the local deep patch of suitable clay, in 1866. Production continued until 1958, and the works' distinctive chimney was demolished in 1967. Heathfield Pond is the site of the brickwork pit; it was previously called Brick Pond. The pond is about 100 ft (30 metres) deep with a cottage and machinery at the bottom.

From 1920 until 1978, the Oxshott Pottery, founded by Henry & Denise Wren, was based at Potters Croft in Oakshade Road, Oxshott.

Surrounding area



Oxshott station

Oxshott is served by commuter trains, with services taking (best time) 38 minutes to Waterloo station calling at Vauxhall for interchange with the Victoria line, with local bus services also available. Oxshott railway station is just off Oxshott Heath, to the south of Oxshott Woods. Oxshott Heath, geologically, has an escarpment where the London clay and sand strata are raised substantially. For this reason, Oxshott had a brickworks from 1866 to 1958. The brickworks was served by a branch line that ran West from the station (towards Guildford). This is why the footbridge at the end of Sheath's Lane (this is the proper, historic spelling) can span three tracks.

At Cook's Crossing (named after John Early Cook, the owner of the brickyards), the railway crossing had three lines: two for the electrified main line to Guildford via Cobham and Stoke D'Abernon and a single track to the brickyards. This latter track can still be seen if one looks hard, and the old hand-operated gates were removed in the first years of the 21st century. The single track now disappears into the houses built on the brickyards on Somerville Road.

Many people have signed petitions for Oxshott to have a proper bus route. The current connections in the village are: the 408 every two hours, connecting to Leatherhead, Ashtead, and Epsom in one direction, and to Cobham in the other; the 513 to/from Kingston upon Thames three times a day; and the Chatterbus[7] to/from Cobham five times a day.

2010 Oxshott train accident


On Friday 5 November 2010, at 15:40, there was an accident where the Guildford via Cobham railway line passes in a deep cutting under the Esher to Leatherhead road. A 26-tonne concrete mixer lorry crashed through the road bridge's parapet and fell about 30 feet (10 metres) onto the railway line, colliding with a train travelling from Guildford to London Waterloo. Of the 40 people on board the train, four were injured. The lorry driver of the lorry was badly injured, and also apparently had a heart attack and had to be carefully taken out of the cab by the medical services. Rail and road had been cleared and re-opened by early the following Monday.[8]



Oxshott has one, Anglican, church, St. Andrew's. Oxshott has its own primary school, the Royal Kent, named because its predecessor was founded by the Duchess of Kent, Queen Victoria's mother, in 1820. The original building stood on the site of the petrol station. Oxshott has an independent preparatory school, Danes Hill School, and its pre-prep school, Bevendean. A senior independent school, Reed's School, just beyond its northern boundary, caters for boys aged 11 to 18 and girls aged 16 to 18.

There is also a very active sports club, which has developed from the village cricket club founded in 1896, as well as a village snooker / social club. Oxshott also has two public houses: The Victoria and The Bear.

The village has a large number of United States nationals and expatriates with their social organisations, due in part to the nearby ACS Cobham International school.

The 2012 Summer Olympics cycling road race events passed through Oxshott.[9][10]

In film and fiction


Oxshott is featured in the popular Shopaholic novels by British author Sophie Kinsella, as the hometown of the series' narrator, Becky Bloomwood.

A greater part of the historic novel "Unter der Asche" (Beneath the ashes) by German author Tom Finnek is set in Oxshott and nearby Cobham. The novel deals with the Great Fire of London 1665–66 and the so-called "Diggers", a nonconformist dissenting group during the English Civil War.

Some scenes from the Monty Python feature film Jabberwocky (1977) were filmed in Oxshott Woods.

In the 1970s ITV situation comedy George and Mildred, Mildred's brother-in-law Humphrey is described as "the offal king of Oxshott".

Notable residents


Oxshott has a high concentration of high-net-worth individuals. The village is in a convenient location, due to its good transport links to London, nearby airports, and the M25 motorway; there is also a variety of private schools to choose from.[11]

The proximity of the Chelsea Football Club training grounds at Stoke D'Abernon is also a factor: a number of professional footballers have settled in Oxshott for this reason.[12]

Demography and housing

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and
mobile homes
Centre and north-west[n 1] 468 35 12 11 0 0
East[n 2] 447 24 10 132 0 0
South[n 3] 379 178 50 39 0 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan Area
Centre and north-west 1,530 526 45.8% 39.0% 205
East 1,728 613 52.2% 31.0% 612
South 1,664 646 38.4% 41.0% 182

The proportion of households in the settlement who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).


Notes and references

  1. ^ Elmbridge 018D
  2. ^ Elmbridge 018B
  3. ^ Elmbridge 018E
  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Payne, Will (7 November 2010). "Post Office in Oxshott - the most expensive village in England - does a roaring trade in £200 bottles of vintage Champagne". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 29 July 2023.
  3. ^ a b H.E. Malden, ed. (1911). "Parishes: Stoke d'Abernon". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  4. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 179. ISBN 1-85260-508-1.
  5. ^ a b Edwards, Adam (5 March 2010). "Property in Surrey: Oxshott is the top address for footballers". Telegraph Online. Retrieved 29 July 2023.
  6. ^ St Andrew's Oxshott The Church of England Retrieved 14 December 2013
  7. ^ Chatterbus, retrieved 5 May 2015
  8. ^ "Several injured as lorry falls on to a train". BBC News Online. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  9. ^ Talbot, Charlotte (2 July 2013) [27 July 2012]. "All eyes on Surrey for Olympic cycle races". Surrey Live. Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  10. ^ Fotheringham, William (28 July 2012). "Alexandr Vinokourov wins Olympic gold as Team GB hopes are dashed". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  11. ^ a b c d e Gallop, Joe (13 March 2021). "Oxshott: Pretty Surrey village is a hotbed of celebrities from Andy Murray to Jamie Redknapp". Surrey Live. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  12. ^ "True blue Cobham delighted to welcome the Chelsea set". The Times. 18 December 2004. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  13. ^ Williams, Jean; Williams, Simon. "Cordery, Violette". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/101214. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  14. ^ "Andy Murray wins battle to build pool and gym at new home". The Scotsman. 18 January 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2023.
  15. ^ "Inside Jamie Redknapp's fancy home with private cinema room and huge garden". Daily Mirror. 29 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Girl's sea warning saved a hundred". The Times. No. 68273. London. 1 January 2005. p. 3.
  17. ^ "Chelsea skipper John Terry moves in next door to mansion he made £10m profit on". 10 December 2014.
  18. ^ Toner, Niall (12 December 2010). "Moving on: End of the road". The Times.