Ciudad de la Paz
Ciudad de la Paz
Highway construction in Ciudad de la Paz in 2010.
|• Mayor||Florentino Ncogo Ndong|
|• Total||81.5 km2 (31.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||454 m (1,490 ft)|
Ciudad de la Paz (Portuguese: Cidade da Paz), formerly Oyala, is a city in Equatorial Guinea that is being built to replace Malabo as the national capital. Established as an urban district in Wele-Nzas in 2015, it is now the administrative headquarters of Djibloho, Equatorial Guinea's newest province created in 2017, and is located near the town of Mengomeyén. In 2017, the city was officially renamed Ciudad de la Paz ("City of Peace").
The planned city's location was chosen for its easy access and benign climate. It is notably on the mainland, in contrast to Malabo, which is on the island of Bioko. It was designed by the Portuguese Studio for Architecture and Urbanism FAT – Future Architecture Thinking. It is projected to have around 200,000 inhabitants, a new Parliament building, a number of presidential villas and an area of 8150 hectares. The construction of this new capital has been criticised by the political opposition to President Teodoro Obiang, the driving force behind the initiative. The Government of Equatorial Guinea began to move to the city in early 2017.
Oyala – Ciudad de la Paz is located near the centre of Río Muni, the continental part of Equatorial Guinea. It is located between the cities of Bata and Mongomo and 20 km from the airport of Mengomeyén. The power supply relies upon the 120 MW Djibloho Dam in the district Djibloho Evinayong.
Oyala – Ciudad de la Paz has a tropical climate that borders between a tropical monsoon climate and a tropical savannah climate. It has high overall rainfall, averaging 2142 mm a year, which supports the lush rainforests in the region. There is an extensive wet season, spanning 10 months of the year from September to June, and a brief and slightly cooler dry season covering the remaining two months, July and August. There is also a noticeably drier, though still wet, stretch in December and January. Temperatures remain very warm throughout the course of the year, albeit lower than one might expect in other places with the same climate, especially considering its proximity to the equator.
|Climate data for Ciudad de la Paz|
|Average high °C (°F)||27.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||23.1
|Average low °C (°F)||18.5
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||89
Planning and construction
In the middle of the undeveloped forest, the government plans to build a new city as the future seat of government. It will be the headquarters of the president, government, administration, police and military leadership and replace the current capital Malabo. The city is being designed to house 160,000–200,000 people, living in an area of 81.5 km². This corresponds to about a quarter of the population of Equatorial Guinea.
A golf course, a university, and a luxury hotel were finished in 2013 and a six-lane highway is almost complete. In planning are government buildings, a financial district and residential areas. Three bridges and highways have been completed or are under construction (see picture left). There will be a connection between the city and the new airport in Mengomeyen (the home of the president). The strategic importance of the port city of Bata will be developed for the neighbouring Gabon and for Central Africa. For the highways, huge swaths of forest were cleared and lanes blown up (see picture left). The Portuguese Chamber of Commerce (AICEP) said the city should use renewable energy and be sustainable.
Funding is provided through the AICEP. The plans come from a Portuguese architectural office. By 2020, the city will be completed. The construction work will be supported by China, Poland, Brazil and North Korea. Construction faces delays such as, according to unconfirmed reports, President Obiang ordered a building to be moved because he did not like the view. Additionally, all materials are imported.
The city was designed by the Portuguese urban architecture FAT – Future Architecture Thinking. Estimates of its ultimate population size have been revised from 65,000 initially to between 160,000 and 200,000.
The city will be built on an area of 8,150 hectares (81.5 km2 or 20,100 acres) According to FAT, the Djibloho project "combines modernity and respect for the cultural roots of the country, promoting local identity and the richness of the ecosystem in which it operates, prioritizing sustainability in the most varied aspects" stressing that "this project aims to create the first global capital entirely dependent on renewable and sustainable energy."
- Director of Planning, roads, highways and urban network diagram: CSCEC, Egis Route, Vinci SA
- Perimeter Highway: ARG
- Bridges: Vinci SA, Bouygues, Besix, General Works
- Buildings: CSCEC, Piccini
- Universities: Unicon
- Regional Parliament: Summa
- Presidential Palace: Seguibat
- Ministry Buildings: CSCEC
- "El Gobierno de Guinea Ecuatorial se muda de Malabo a Oyala" (in Spanish). 11 February 2017. Archived from the original on 26 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
- Correia, Paulo (Outono de 2019). "Um década de nova toponímia" (PDF). a folha - Boletim da língua portuguesa nas instituições europeias. N.º 61. pp. 7–13. Retrieved 17 January 2020. Check date values in:
- Fortin, Jacey (19 December 2012). "Poverty-Stricken Equatorial Guinea Builds Expensive Capital City In The Middle Of Nowhere".
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- Atelier luso desenha futura capital da Guiné Equatorial Archived 15 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine. boasnoticias.pt. 5 November 2011
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- Equatorial Guinea’s Future Capital City/IDF– Ideias do Futuro|ArchDaily
- "Prime Minister presents draft laws before Chamber of Deputies". Equatorial Guinea Press and Information Office. 25 February 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
- "Swearing-in of new offices for directors at Ministry for National Defence". Equatorial Guinea Press and Information Office. 3 August 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
- Oyala, una nueva capital para la megalomanía de Obiang. abc.es. 26 December 2012
- Arquitetos portugueses projetam nova capital para Guiné Equatorial Archived 10 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. piniweb.com.br. 10 November 2011
- Mauricio Lima (4 November 2011) Ateliê português desenha futura capital da Guiné Equatorial Archived 22 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine. greensavers.pt.
- BBC Equatorial Guinea government moves to new city in rainforest
- Mines Minister visits the site of Djibloho. guineaecuatorialpress.com. 16 September 2010
- Stephen Sackur (17 December 2012). "BBC News: Equatorial Guinea: Obiang's future capital, which was then known as Oyala". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- Djibloho – Equatorial Guinea’s Future Capital City / IDF – Ideias do Futuro . archdaily.com
- AFP (2 December 2011). "Guinée équatoriale: grands travaux pour convert a village in métropole". Romandie News. Missing or empty
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- Media related to Oyala at Wikimedia Commons
- Ateliê português desenha futura capital da Guiné Equatorial