Oyama, Shizuoka

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Oyama

小山町
Town
Oyama Town Hall
Oyama Town Hall
Flag of Oyama
Flag
Official seal of Oyama
Seal
Location of Oyama in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Oyama in Shizuoka Prefecture
Oyama is located in Japan
Oyama
Oyama
 
Coordinates: 35°21′36.3″N 138°59′14.2″E / 35.360083°N 138.987278°E / 35.360083; 138.987278Coordinates: 35°21′36.3″N 138°59′14.2″E / 35.360083°N 138.987278°E / 35.360083; 138.987278
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu
Tōkai
PrefectureShizuoka Prefecture
DistrictSuntō
Area
 • Total135.74 km2 (52.41 sq mi)
Population
(September 2015)
 • Total19,184
 • Density141/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeSakura
• FlowerRapeseed
• BirdJapanese bush-warbler
Phone number0550-76-1111
Address57-2 Fujimagari, Oyama-chō, Suntō-gun, Shizuoka-ken 410-1395
WebsiteOfficial website
Fuji Speedway

Oyama (小山町, Oyama-chō) is a town located in Suntō District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of June 2014, the town had an estimated population of 19,184 and a population density of 141 persons per km2. The total area is 135.74 square kilometres (52.41 sq mi).[1]

Geography[edit]

Oyama is located in the far northeastern corner of Shizuoka Prefecture, bordering on Yamanashi and Kanagawa Prefectures. Located in between the Tanzawa Mountains and the foothills of Mount Fuji, the town has an average altitude of 800 meters, and has a cool climate with heavy rainfall. Some 65% of the town is covered in forest.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

A small post town existed in this area since the Heian period, as Oyama is located at the base of the Ashigara Pass on the main route connecting the ancient provinces of Sagami with Kai and Suruga Provinces. The area was mostly tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate in the Edo period. During the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period on April 1, 1889, the area was reorganized into the villages of Rokugo, Kannuma, Ashigara, Kitago and Subashiri within Suntō District, Shizuoka, two months after the opening of Suruga-Oyama Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line (now Gotemba Line).

The villages of Rokugo and Suganuma merged to form Oyama on August 1, 1912. Oyama annexed neighboring Ashigara on April 1, 1955, Kitago Village on August 1, 1956 and Subashiri on September 30, 1956. The Furusawa District of former Kitago transferred from Oyama to Gotemba on September 1, 1957.

Economy[edit]

Due to its proximity to the Tokyo metropolitan area, Oyama has a mixed economy of agriculture and light industry. Rice is the principal agricultural crop.

Education[edit]

Oyama has five elementary schools, three middle schools and one high school.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

  • Fuji Speedway
  • Fuji Cemetery
  • Higashiguchi Hongū Fuji Sengen Jinja

Notable people from Oyama[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Home" (in Japanese). Oyama Town. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  2. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links[edit]