Oyi

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Oyi
LGA and city
Coordinates: 5°15′0″N 6°13′0″E / 5.25000°N 6.21667°E / 5.25000; 6.21667Coordinates: 5°15′0″N 6°13′0″E / 5.25000°N 6.21667°E / 5.25000; 6.21667
Country  Nigeria
State Anambra State
Population (2006)
 • Total 168,029
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)

Oyi is a Local Government Area and city in Anambra State, Nigeria. It is home to the Oyi people. The towns that make up the local government are Nkwelle-Ezunaka, Awkuzu, Ogbunike, Umunya and Nteje.

Oyi/Ayamelum is a Federal Constituency represented by Hon Chinedu Eluemuno at the Federal House of Representatives, Abuja. Oyi have had many Council Chairmen including Chief Okonkwo Onuigbo (from Omor), Barr Solomon Ekwenze and Hon. Edwin Aghadiuno.

History[edit]

Oral history: The origin of Oyi people is the same for all the "OLU" sub group of the Eri-Awka Igbo. The Olus are the distinct river-side Igbo people of the lower Anambra plain (Anambra River Basin), encompassing the entire old Anambra Division of the 1920s to the 80s, parts of today's Awka North LGA of Anambra State and the excision of the former Uzo-Uwani LGA of now Enugu State. A number of Olu people also speak Igala language. In fact, Igala kingdom is considered to have been founded by an Olu 'refugee' prince. Olu trace their origin to Eri (Eru, Nri, Nru). Onitsha and Ogbaru areas by character and dialect, are sometimes considered as Olu (though with specific associations). It is said that the more ancient forms of Igbo Tradition and Cultural practices like music, marriage ceremony and religious worships are those still practiced by the Olu.

Lifestyle: Oyi people, like other Olu people, are usually tall, care-free and socially progressive people (Read the 'burial of Oramalidike' and discourse of the Head of the Nze-Na-Ozo with Ozo initiates (Ndi-Nze) in 'Ozo Title: An Ancestral Club In The Igbo Culture by C.N.C Igboegbuna, published by Snaap Press, Enugu 1984). Olu life used to be nature-centered (agrarian of 'water' and land) until the white man upset all that with his "civilisation" (Read Things Fall Apart (1958); No Longer At Ease (1960) and Arrow of God (1964) all by Chinua Achebe, Heinemann African Writers Series. See also Political structures in the novel (Things Fall Apart#cite note-12). Olu or riverine Igbo have very elaborate ceremonies, festivities and roles. They are quite egalitarian in belief and republican in their political pursuits. Oyi practice a Jewish-like Kabbalah (Cabbala) system of self-actualisation which is embedded in the apical Nze-na-Ozo tradition of "Onye chizue; o bulu Mmoo, bulukwa Mmadu". Translated, this simply says that the Ozo initiation is a threshold vista of self-distinction that transforms the initiates into both man and spirit or "spirit-man". This ancient Ozo system called Ozo-Atulukpa-Okala was instituted in Umunya as far back as the late 16th Century by a war chieftain named Igboegbunammadu Onenulu (Ozo-Odezulu-Igbo l). He equally bequeathed the title to his friends within the Olu sub-clans, from Ogbunike to Awkuzu and it is severally called and known as 'Ozo-Ndi-Ichie,' 'Nnekwu Ozo,' etc.

Council history: Oyi is a Local Government Area of Anambra State, southeastern Nigeria. The towns that make up the local government are Nkwelle-Ezunaka, Awkuzu, Ogbunike, Umunya and Nteje. Oyi is in the epicenter of the present Anambra State and was first created by the Civilian Administration of Chief Jim Ifeanyichukwu Nwobodo in the 1980s with Umunya as its Headquarters. It took its name from the pacific and famous Oyi River that flows northwards into Omambala (Anambra River).

When the military sacked the civilian administration of Alhaji Shehu Shagari under which Chief Nwobodo was governor in 1983, Oyi and its constituent towns were drawn back into the old Anambra Local Government Area with Otuocha as headquarters. Later, under the administration of Col Nnameka Akonobi as Governor under Gen Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida, Enugu became a State and the former Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area towns of Omor, Omasi, Umueje, Umelum, Igbakwu, Umumbo, Anaku and Ifite Ogwari were merged with their more "Olu" brothers in Oyi. Nteje became the headquarters and has remained so even after the excision of the towns into now Ayamelum Local Government Area.

Other names[edit]

UMUNYA: Ebo N'Eli, Nwajeli Mba-Ezi-N'abo-gbali-Onye-Ora ghalii (A town of ten settlements, Trendsetter of Peace). AWKUZU: Okuzu Ibilibe Ogada (Okuzu of swarming locust fame). NTEJE: Nteje Abogu (Nteje of peaceful though strong and warlike nature). OGBUNIKE: Ogbunike-Okpala Iguedo (Ogbunike, first son of Iguedo). NKWELLE-EZUNAKA: Nkwele, son of Ezunaka (a wealthy craft artist).

Popular places and sites[edit]

Ogbunike Caves
The most popular place to visit in Oyi is the Ogbunike Caves[1], listed by UNESCO as a world Heritage Site. The cave is situated in the Ogba hills, across the Ugwu-Aga Escarpment, Umunya by the Enugu/Onitsha Expressway. It lies in the coordinates of N06 11 11 and E06 54 21.
Umunya Aparition Site
Umunya Aparition Site during the "Messages" in the 90s, is considered the highest human traffic to the Eastern Nigeria, since the visits of Pope John Paul II to Onitsha. The Site is esconced within the Mmili Nwaonye Artificial Spring of Iyi-Ogwe Farm by the Onitsha/Enugu Expressway, Umunya. It hosts a moderate Catholic Chapel, used by tourists to conduct prayers and adoration.
Urunda Crescendo
This scenic depression is a wonderful expression of a 'natural stadium'. It lies depressed to the Ugwu-Aga table, close to the Ogba. It has a cool spring and a youth center. There are meandering brooks and streams across the area and one of them enters a hole to 'the unknown'.

Prominent citizens[edit]

The illustrious children of Oyi include:

  • HRH Igwe (Prof) J.C. Menakaya[2] -First Igbo Education Officer [3];
  • Rt. Hon. Dr. Chuba Okadigbo -former Senate President and Vice Presidential Candidate of All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP);
  • Most Rev. Dr Emmanuel Otteh - Catholic Bishop (Emeritus) of the Diocese of Issele-Uku;
  • The Most Rev. Dr. Maxwell Anikwenwa [OFR] Emeritus - Dean Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) Archbishop of the Province of the Niger & Bishop of Awka;
  • Rev. Paul Nwachukwu -General Superintendent, Grace of God Church, Inc.;
  • Dr. Ndubuisi Tim Menakaya -former Federal Minister of Health;
  • Prof I.C.I. Okafor -a Material Scientist;
  • Barr. Fred A. Ozoemena - An Abuja-based Legal Practitioner;
  • Cyprian Ekwensi, MFR -Accomplished Writer/Poet [4];
  • Pete Edochie, MON - Art Commentator and Actor;
  • Ngozi Ezeonu- Nollywood actress
  • Dr. Chike Obidigbo -Industralist, Chairman, Manufacturers Association of Nigeria [5];
  • Ogbuefi C.N.C. Igboegbuna (ODELORA) -Author and book publisher;
  • Mrs Oyibo Odinammadu, MON [6] -First Republic Politician and former Vice Presidential Candidate of the defunct Unity Party of Nigerian (UPN);
  • Chief Tochukwu Onwubufo, SAN -former Solicitor General of Nigeria;
  • Akunwafo Ezigbo Obiligbo -Folklore Musician;
  • Mr. Mcroy Chilokwu -Administrator;
  • Dr. B.O. Uchendu - Former Chief Consultant Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon (National Orthopedic Hospital Enugu);
  • Prof. Augustine Ilochi Okafor, SAN -Politician and former Vice Chancellor, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka;
  • Dr. Okechukwu Odunze, PhD -former Chairman, Governing Council of Federal Polytechnic Oko;
  • Hon Celestine Nnaemeka Ughanze -Politician (former member, Federal House of Reps);
  • Chief Mike Nwakalo -Politician;
  • Rev Fr Dr Ikenga K.E.Oraegbunam- Priest, Lawyer and Law Lecturer with 3 doctorate degrees;
  • Chinwuba John Achunike- Renowned Political Scientist and Author,etc.

Oyi hosts the NYSC Orientation Camp, Umunya; Anambra Integrated Agric Farm and St Stephen's Catholic Brotherhood, Nkwelle-Ezunaka (near the Basilica of Holy Trinity, Onitsha).

Schools[edit]

Here is the list of schools in Oyi Local Government Area:

  • Tansian University, Umunya
  • Community Secondary School, Awkuzu
  • Unity Secondary School, Awkuzu
  • Women Educational Centre, Awkuzu
  • Model Comprehensive Secondary School, Nkwelle-Ezunaka
  • Community High School, Nkwelle-Ezunaka
  • Boys’ High School, Nteje
  • New Era Secondary School, Nteje
  • Marist Comprehensive College, Nteje
  • Cave City Secondary School, Ogbunike
  • St Monica's College (formerly, Teachers Training College), Ogbunike
  • Progressive Secondary School, Umunya
  • Community Secondary School, Umunya

References[edit]