Oyinkansola, Lady Abayomi
6 March 1897
|Died||19 March 1990 (aged 93)|
|Occupation||Feminist, Educator, Scouting guide|
|Known for||Girl Guides|
Iyaloye Oyinkansola "Oyinkan" Abayomi, Lady Abayomi (6 March 1897 – 19 March 1990) was a Nigerian nationalist and feminist. She was the head of the Nigerian Girl Guides and founder of the Nigerian Women's Party.
Early life and education
She was born Oyinkansola Ajasa in Nigeria in 1897. She was called Oyinkan (the shortened form of Oyinkansola) by her family. She had a younger brother, Akuisola. He died when he was two. Her father was Sir Kitoye Ajasa, a prominent Yoruba tribesman who was the first Nigerian to be knighted by the British, and her mother was Lucretia Olayinka Moore, an omoba of an Egba royal family. She was also the first cousin of Kofo, Lady Ademola. She went to school at the Anglican Girls' Seminary in Lagos. She graduated in 1909. She then went to school at the Young Ladies Academy at Ryford Hall, located in Gloucestershire, England. In 1917, she attended the Royal Academy of Music in London. She moved back to Lagos in 1920. She became a music teacher at the Anglican Girls' Seminary. It was during this time when she met a lawyer named Moronfolu Abayomi. They married in August 1923. He would be assassinated in court two months later.
Life and work in Nigeria
While in England, Abayomi had joined the Girl Guides. When she returned to Nigeria, she connected with the local Lagos Nigerian Girl Guides Association, which was founded by an English woman. Abayomi joined the group and was the first Nigerian woman to serve as a supervisor. She also became active in the education of women and girls in Nigeria, which was not equal to that of men and boys. She joined the Lagos Women's Organization. She did fundraising and promoting for Queen's College through the West African Educated Girls' Club, an organization she founded. It opened in 1927. She was a founding teacher at the school. She was the only Nigerian to work there. Around this time, she became one of the first women in Lagos to drive a car.
In 1930, Abayomi married the doctor Kofo Abayomi. In 1931, the Girl Guides was recognized and given support by the Nigerian government. Abayomi became the chief commissioner for the Girl Guides. She was the head of the Nigerian Girl Guides Association and the first native Nigerian woman to work for the organization. She joined the Nigerian Youth Movement in 1935. She wrote an article in the organization's journal that year, demanding that wealthy women of Nigeria needed to fight for women's rights and be willing to work with women of middle and lower classes for those rights. On May 10, 1944, she founded the Nigerian Women's Party during a meeting at her home with twelve women. The organization sought equal rights for women. When Kofo Abayomi was knighted by the Queen of England in 1954, Abayomi became known as Lady Abayomi.
Later life and death
Sir Kofo Abayomi died on 1 January 1979. Abayomi retired from the Girl Guides in 1982. She was named Life President of the Girl Guides for her work.
- Coker, Folarin. A lady: A biography of Lady Oyinkan Abayomi. Ibadan: Evans Brothers (1987). ISBN 9781677759
- Johnson-Odim, Cheryl. "Lady Oyinkan Abayomi: A Profile." Nigerian Women in Historical Perspective. Lagos: Sankore Press (1993). Pages 149-163.
- Martin, Christa (2002). Abayomi, Oyinkansola (1897–1990). Farmington Hills: Gale Research, Inc. Archived from the original on 2013-05-18.(subscription required)
- Bonnie G. Smith (2008). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-195-1489-09.
- Ruth Roach Pierson; Nupur Chaudhuri; Beth McAuley (1998). Nation, Empire, Colony: Historicizing Gender and Race. Indiana University Press. pp. 87–88. ISBN 978-0-253-21191-0. Retrieved 29 December 2012.