Oyonnax

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Oyonnax
Commune
Vue générale Oyonnax.jpg
Coat of arms of Oyonnax
Coat of arms
Oyonnax is located in France
Oyonnax
Oyonnax
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Oyonnax is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Oyonnax
Oyonnax
Coordinates: 46°15′22″N 5°39′20″E / 46.2561°N 5.6556°E / 46.2561; 5.6556Coordinates: 46°15′22″N 5°39′20″E / 46.2561°N 5.6556°E / 46.2561; 5.6556
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Ain
Arrondissement Nantua
Canton Oyonnax
Intercommunality Oyonnax
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Michel Perraud (PR)
Area1 35.99 km2 (13.90 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 22,485
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 01283 /01100
Elevation 440–1,082 m (1,444–3,550 ft)
(avg. 540 m or 1,770 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Oyonnax (French pronunciation: ​[ɔjɔna]) is the second most populated commune in the Ain department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France. Its residents are known as Oyonnaxiens.

Oyonnax lies in a valley of the Jura Mountains in the far north of Ain. It is near the Parc naturel régional du Haut-Jura. The city is on the river Ange.

Its prominence in the plastics industry has earned it the name Plastics Valley.

The town was awarded the Médaille de la Résistance on 16 June 1947.[1]

History[edit]

Monopoly in wooden comb manufacture[edit]

In 630, Clovis II, the son of Dagobert I king of the Franks, travelled to Geneva to meet the king of Burgundy. He met a young slave there, the daughter of a captured Saxon king, and wished to ask for her as his wife. So Dagobert I sent a delegation including Léger d'Autun to ask the king of Burgundy for her hand and bring her back to Paris.

Near Oyonnax, at a place called Sous-Nierme, the litter of Léger d'Autun broke and wounded the head of his escort. Inhabitants of Oyonnax cared for him and repaired the vehicle. The delegation set out again with gifts made by the inhabitants of Oyonnax. In recognition, Léger d'Autun, become a bishop and counselor to queen Bathilde, gave the town the privilege of manufacturing wooden combs. Saint-Léger also became the patron saint feast of Oyonnax.

Development Belonging in the Middle Ages to the lords of Thoire, Oyonnax had then been no more than an agricultural village for centuries. (It had 52 inhabitants in 1601).

The first development began starting in the 17th century, thanks to its artisans: woodworking and carved horn. The second came with the industrial revolution in the 19th century: Oyonnax became an industrial town, with businesses that sold their goods all over Europe. The railway arrived in 1885.

Transport[edit]

The town is served by the A404 autoroute.

Oyonnax railway station is located on the railway line between Montréal-la-Cluse and Andelot-en-Montagne.

Tourism[edit]

The town has a cultural centre, including cinemas, concert halls, and a "Museum of the Comb and of the Plastics Industry". Tourist activities include hiking, canoeing and cross-country skiing among the forests, hills and lakes of the area.

Sport[edit]

The city has a rugby union team, Oyonnax Rugby, that has been promoted to the Division 1 Top 14 in 2013 and again in 2017. The team plays at the Stade Charles-Mathon.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17931,099—    
18001,178+7.2%
18061,275+8.2%
18211,207−5.3%
18311,974+63.5%
18362,279+15.5%
18412,593+13.8%
18462,608+0.6%
18513,245+24.4%
18563,342+3.0%
18613,501+4.8%
18663,547+1.3%
18723,272−7.8%
18763,530+7.9%
18813,847+9.0%
18864,231+10.0%
18914,461+5.4%
18964,652+4.3%
19016,140+32.0%
19067,851+27.9%
19119,557+21.7%
192110,083+5.5%
192611,617+15.2%
193111,336−2.4%
193610,166−10.3%
194610,156−0.1%
195411,773+15.9%
196214,830+26.0%
196819,777+33.4%
197523,007+16.3%
198222,739−1.2%
199023,869+5.0%
199924,162+1.2%
200823,114−4.3%
201422,485−2.7%

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Oyonnax is twinned with Eislingen/Fils, Germany since 2001.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]