A general view of Oyonnax
|• Mayor (2020-2026)||Michel Perraud|
|35.99 km2 (13.90 sq mi)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||440–1,082 m (1,444–3,550 ft) |
(avg. 540 m or 1,770 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Its prominence in the plastics industry has earned it the name Plastics Valley.
One of the outstanding achievements of the French Résistance occurred here on 11 November 1943, when the Maquis de l'Ain et du Haut-Jura defied the German occupiers to hold a 11 November parade and memorial service in honor of French soldiers from World War I.
Monopoly in wooden comb manufacture
In 630, Clovis II, the son of Dagobert I king of the Franks, travelled to Geneva to meet the king of Burgundy. He met a young slave there, the daughter of a captured Saxon king, and wished to ask for her as his wife. So Dagobert I sent a delegation including Léger d'Autun to ask the king of Burgundy for her hand and bring her back to Paris.
Near Oyonnax, at a place called Sous-Nierme, the litter of Léger d'Autun broke and wounded the head of his escort. Inhabitants of Oyonnax cared for him and repaired the vehicle. The delegation set out again with gifts made by the inhabitants of Oyonnax. In recognition, Léger d'Autun, become a bishop and counselor to queen Bathilde, gave the town the privilege of manufacturing wooden combs. Saint-Léger also became the patron saint feast of Oyonnax.
Belonging in the Middle Ages to the lords of Thoire, Oyonnax was then no more than an agricultural village for centuries. (It had 52 inhabitants in 1601).
The first development began starting in the 17th century, thanks to its artisans: woodworking and carved horn. The second came with the industrial revolution in the 19th century: Oyonnax became an industrial town, with businesses that sold their goods all over Europe. The railway arrived in 1885.
The town is served by the A404 autoroute.
The town has a cultural centre, including cinemas, concert halls, and a "Museum of the Comb and of the Plastics Industry". Tourist activities include hiking, canoeing and cross-country skiing among the forests, hills and lakes of the area.
Twin towns – sister cities
- Eric Barone (1960- , sportsman, beat the world speed record descending on a bicycle, both on snow and soil.
- Léger-Félicité Sonthonax (1763–1813), politician and abolitionist during the French Revolution
- Paul Collomb (1921-6 October 2010), painter
- "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- Oyonnax décorée de la médaille de la Résistance, sur france-phaleristique.com Archived 18 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- "Une grande Fête de la bière aura lieu samedi 25 mars, à Valexpo" (in French). Retrieved 7 October 2018.
Le jumelage d’Oyonnax avec la ville allemande d’Eislingen, qui organise déjà de son côté une Fête de la bière, tous les deux ans, en juillet, permettra de nouveaux échanges
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