|Course||Breakfast, lunch, and dinner|
|Place of origin||Chaoshan & Minnan region, China|
|Region or state||East Asia and Southeast Asia|
|Created by||Hokkien & Teochew people|
The oyster omelette, as known as o-a-tsian (Chinese: 蚵仔煎; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ô-á-chian), o-chien (Chinese: 蚵煎; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ô-chian) or orh luak (simplified Chinese: 蚝烙; traditional Chinese: 蠔烙; Peng'im: o5 luah4) is a dish of Hokkien and Teochew origin that is renowned for its savory flavor in its native Chaoshan and Minnan region, along with Taiwan and many parts of Southeast Asia such as the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore due to the influence of the Hokkien and Teochew diaspora. Variations of the dish exist in some southern regions of China.
In Thailand it was adapted to mussel omelettes; most Thai people have the misconception that oyster omelettes and mussel omelettes originated from Thai cuisine rather than Chinese. In Bangkok, notable areas for oyster omelettes include Talat Wang Lang near Siriraj Hospital; Wang Lang (Siriraj) Pier in Bangkok Noi where there are two restaurants; Yaowarat neighborhood, where there is one Michelin-Bib Gourmand restaurant with Charoen Krung neighborhood in Bang Rak, among others. In 2017, the World Street Food Congress announced that oyster omelette is one of the three most notable street food among the street foods of Thailand.
The oyster omelette is a Taiwanese "night market favorite", and has constantly been ranked by many foreigners as the top dish from Taiwan. Its generous proportions and affordable price demonstrates the trait of night market cuisines. In the Philippines, English language menus often call the dish as "Oyster Cake".
The dish consists of an omelette with a filling primarily composed of small oysters. Starch (typically sweet potato starch) is mixed into the egg batter, giving the resulting egg wrap a thicker consistency. Pork lard is often used to fry the resulting omelet. Depending on regional variations, a savory sauce may then be poured on top of the omelette for added taste.
Spicy or chili sauce mixed with lime juice is often added to provide an intense kick. Shrimp can sometimes be substituted in place of oysters; in this case, it is called shrimp omelette (蝦仁煎).
In different Chinese languages, the "oyster omelette" is known by various names in different Chinese geographical regions.
|Chinese name||Pronunciations in different spoken variations||Geographical areas that use such a name|
|蠔烙||In Teochew: o5 luah4
In Mandarin: háo lào
|In Chaoshan region and overseas communities connected to the region.|
|蚵仔煎||In Hokkien and Taiwanese Hokkien: ô-á-chian
In Mandarin: ézǎi jiān
|Southern Fujian, Taiwan, and Philippines|
|蚵煎||In Hokkien: ô-chian||Southern Fujian, Malaysia, Singapore, and Philippines|
|牡蠣煎||In Mandarin: mǔlì jiān||Most areas of mainland China|
|海蠣煎||In Mandarin: hǎilì jiān||Southern Fujian|
|蠔煎||In Cantonese: hòuh jīn
In Mandarin: háo jiān
|Chaoshan, Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia|
|煎蠔餠||In Cantonese: jīn hòuh béng
In Hakka: jien hao biang
In Mandarin: jiān háo bǐng
|Hong Kong, Macau and neighboring Liangguang|
|蠔仔餠||In Cantonese: hòuh jái béng
In Hakka: hao zhai biang
|Hong Kong, Macau and the Pearl River Delta|
|蠔仔煎||In Cantonese: hòuh jái jīn
In Hakka: hao zhai chien
|Hong Kong, Macau and the Pearl River Delta|
- Night markets in Taiwan
- Hangtown fry
- Pad thai - popular counterpart in Thailand
- List of Chinese dishes
- List of egg dishes
- List of seafood dishes
- Food portal
- "(ชมคลิป) ท้าพิสูจน์!! หอยใหญ่ไข่นุ่มร้านเจ๊อ้วน หอยใหญ่กระทะร้อน!". Khao Sod (in Thai). 2016-07-19.
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- "Oyster omelet the nation's favorite". Taipei Times. staff w/ CNA. 2 June 2007. p. 2. Archived from the original on 24 Sep 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- Hiufu Wong, Maggie. "40 of the best Taiwanese foods and drinks". edition.cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
- "หอยทอดโฮมเมด กรอบนอกนุ่มใน ความอร่อยที่ทำเองได้". Kapook (in Thai). 2013-11-26.
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