Ozamiz

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Ozamiz
Component City
City of Ozamiz
Ozamiz Port
Official seal of Ozamiz
Seal
Nickname(s): Historical, Cultural, and Pilgrimage Destination; Gem of the Panguil Bay; Gateway to Northwestern Mindanao
Motto(s): Better Image, Better Lives
Map of Misamis Occidental with Ozamiz highlighted
Map of Misamis Occidental with Ozamiz highlighted
Ozamiz is located in Philippines
Ozamiz
Ozamiz
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°09′N 123°51′E / 8.15°N 123.85°E / 8.15; 123.85Coordinates: 8°09′N 123°51′E / 8.15°N 123.85°E / 8.15; 123.85
Country  Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Misamis Occidental
District 2nd District
Founded 1757
Cityhood July 16, 1948[1]
Barangays 51 (see Barangays)
Government[3]
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Girlette Luansing [2]
 • Vice Mayor Michael Tagal [2]
 • Electorate 77,316 voters (2016)
Area[4]
 • Total 169.95 km2 (65.62 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[5]
 • Total 141,828
 • Density 830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 7200
PSGC 104210000
IDD:area code +63 (0)88
Climate type Tropical climate
Income class 3rd city income class
Revenue (₱) 654,453,854.29 (2016)
Native languages Subanon language
Cebuano
Tagalog
Website ozamizcity.com

Ozamiz, officially the City of Ozamiz, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Ozamiz, Filipino: Lungsod ng Ozamiz), or simply referred to as Ozamiz City, is a 3rd class city in the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 141,828 people.[5]

Although occasionally spelled as Ozamis in official sources, City Resolution 251-05 officially spelled Ozamiz with a "z" as its last letter rather than with an "s".

Geography[edit]

Ozamiz is close to Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga del Norte provinces, while across the bay is Lanao del Norte. Ozamiz is 52 kilometres (32 mi) from Maria Cristina Falls, the main source of hydroelectric power in Mindanao.

Barangays[edit]

Ozamiz is politically subdivided into 51 barangays.[4]

NamePSGC
50th District (Poblacion)104210051
Aguada (Poblacion) 104210001
Bacolod 104210003
Bagakay 104210004
Balintawak 104210005
Banadero (Poblacion) 104210002
Baybay San Roque 104210043
Baybay Santa Cruz 104210006
Baybay Triunfo 104210007
Bongbong 104210008
Calabayan 104210009
Capucao C. 104210010
Capucao P. 104210011
Carangan 104210012
Carmen (Misamis Annex) 104210037
Catadman-Manabay 104210013
Cavinte 104210014
Cogon 104210015
Dalapang 104210016
Diguan 104210017
Dimaluna 104210018
Doña Consuelo 104210052
Embargo 104210019
Gala 104210020
Gango 104210021
Gotokan Daku 104210022
Gotokan Diot 104210023
Guimad 104210024
Guingona 104210025
Kinuman Norte 104210026
Kinuman Sur 104210027
Labinay 104210028
Labo 104210029
Lam-an 104210030
Liposong 104210031
Litapan 104210032
Malaubang 104210033
Manaka 104210034
Maningcol 104210035
Mentering 104210036
Molicay 104210038
Pantaon 104210040
Pulot 104210041
San Antonio 104210042
Sangay Daku 104210044
Sangay Diot 104210045
Sinuza 104210046
Stimson Abordo (Montol) 104210039
Tabid 104210047
Tinago 104210048
Trigos 104210049

History[edit]

Entrance to Spanish fort

The city of Ozamiz grew out of an old Spanish town called Misamis—a name believed to have been derived from the Subanen word "Kuyamis," a variety of coconut. Other unverified historical sources, however, suggest that the name Misamis came from "Misa" after the Catholic Mass. The origin and the growth of the old Spanish town, Misamis, was due to the presence of the Spanish garrison stationed at the stone fort named Nuestra Senora dela Concepcion del Triunfo, which was constructed some time in the 18th century in order to control the pirate activities originating in the nearby Lanao area. In 1850, the town of Misamis became the capital of the District of Misamis.

In October 1942 Wendell Fertig established the command headquarters of the growing guerrilla resistance to the Japanese occupation of Mindanao in the Spanish fort in the city. His headquarters was abandoned June 26, 1943, in the face of a large Japanese attack.[6][7] Until the end of the war the Japanese occupied this fort. The Ozamiz city website said of this, "During the Japanese occupation of Misamis in World War 11(1943-1945), the "Cotta" was garrisoned by a contingent of Japanese who dug foxholes near or under the walls. This undermining of walls later led to the destruction of the Southwest bastion in the earthquake of 1955."[1]

After the Second World War, Misamis became a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act 321 on July 16, 1948. RA 321 also renamed Misamis to Ozamiz after a WW-II hero José Ozámiz who hailed from the province of Misamis Occidental and who at one time also served as its governor and congressional representative of the Lone District of Misamis Occidental, a delegate to the 1935 Constitutional Convention that resulted in the creation of the 1935 Constitution for the Philippine Commonwealth Government. In 1941, José Ozámiz was elected to the Philippine Senate.

On July 30, 2017, 2:30am (PST) the mayor of Ozamiz, Reynaldo Parojinog Sr., his wife, brother, and their security guards were killed during a police raid.[8][9] Parojinog was among the more than 150 officials Duterte publicly linked to drugs in August last year as part of a shame campaign.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Ozamiz
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,709—    
1918 23,237+4.68%
1939 36,313+2.15%
1948 35,262−0.33%
1960 44,091+1.88%
1970 64,643+3.90%
1975 71,559+2.06%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 77,832+1.69%
1990 91,503+1.63%
1995 101,944+2.05%
2000 110,420+1.73%
2007 123,137+1.51%
2010 131,527+2.43%
2015 141,828+1.45%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[5][10][11][12]

In the 2015 census, the population of Ozamiz was 141,828 people,[5] with a density of 830 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,100 inhabitants per square mile.

Economy[edit]

Downtown Ozamiz

Ozamiz is agricultural by resources, but it has become the center for Commerce, Health, Transportation, and Education in this part of Mindanao, considering its strategic location and its peaceful atmosphere. The city has good harbor location, its local port is the principal outlet of mineral deposits, agricultural and forest products of the provinces of Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Maguindanao, parts of Lanao del Norte, and Lanao del Sur.

Retail[edit]

Due to the location of the city, Ozamiz enjoys several and notable malls and shopping centers within its city center. People coming from Misamis Occidental, parts of Lanao del Norte and parts of Zamboanga del Sur will come also to Ozamiz for their shopping needs.

Gaisano Capital Mall Ozamiz is noted as the biggest mall in the city with the expansion of a new South Wing Mall in 2011. Novo Ozamiz also expand and construct their own bigger building with a hotel named Asia Novotel in 2010. Unitop Ozamiz also expand their building in 2012 in front of City Public Mall with a bridge/sky walk for an easy access from the 2nd floor of both buildings. City Public Mall, formerly known as City Public Market, is the biggest public establishment in Northwestern Mindanao. It is owned and managed by the Local Government Unit of Ozamiz and opened on May 28, 2009. Robinsons Supermarket opened to the public on November 30, 2012.

Tourism and culture[edit]

Notable events and festivals[edit]

The feast of Our Lady of Triumph of the Cross at Cotta Shrine is celebrated every July 16 which is also the Charter City anniversary. Subayan Keg Subanon festival is also held on the same day. The Cotta entertainment area has free live band concerts and other musical variety shows each weekend. Fireworks displays are held at Cotta during Fiesta and holidays. It can be seen across Panguil bay as far as Lanao del Norte.

The feast of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception is celebrated every December 8 while every 4th Sunday of January is the Sr. Sto. Nino Fluvial Parade held at Panguil Bay. Balanghoy Festival is held annually at Cotta area.

Attractions[edit]

Fuerte de la Concepcion y del Triunfo
  • Fuerte de la Concepcion y del Triunfo – also known as Cotta Shrine, is a fort built in 1755 by Father Jose Ducos to serve as a Spanish outpost in the area. A special chapel was built inside the walls of the fort and an image of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, in the pink and blue attire, was enshrined in the chapel and outside the fort on the wall facing the bay, was a carved image of the Virgin Mary (Nuestra Señora de la Inmaculada Concepción y del Triunfo de la Cruz de Migpangi). The image on the Cotta's wall is believed to be miraculously growing and has been the object of pilgrimage. The fort was renovated and restored to its original design in 2006. Cotta will undergo improvement and development with construction of a boulevard with a Spanish galleon replica, cotta park with parking area, a mini commercial complex for food stalls, ticketing offices, restos, cafes and souvenir shops.
  • Bukagan Hill – has a view of the city, Panguil bay, the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur. There are four great bells at the top of Bukagan Hill. The bells were named after "St. Peter", "St. Marien", "St. Joseph" and "St. Michael" and were originally purchased by Bishop Patrick Cronin, D.D. for the Immaculate Conception Cathedral. However, the bells weigh 7 tons and were found to be too heavy and too large for the cathedral's belfry. The people felt that it was very expensive to construct a special belfry for them considering that a lot of fund raising effort was made for the building of the cathedral and the installing of the pipe organ. It was through the efforts of then City Mayor Fernando T. Bernad that the bells were finally given a place at the Bukagan Hill. With the help of Jesus Y. Varela, the huge bells were installed in Bukagan Hill Bells and officially inaugurated on July 16, 1948.[13]
  • Naomi's Botanical Garden and tourists Inn – sits on a 12 hectare property of local and imported tropical flowers, plants and fruit seedlings. There are fully air-conditioned private rooms, Function halls, tennis court, Golf range, ceramics factory, pottery and a bakery inside this sprawling garden.
  • Mt. Malindang Golf and country Club – this is a pre-war army facility converted into a golf course located in Bagakay at the foot of Mount Malindang.
  • Immaculate Conception Pipe organ – found in the choir loft of the Immaculate Conception Cathedral, is the only existing pipe organ in Mindanao and one among the few throughout the country. An Irish Columban priest, Father Sean Lavery, who was in charge of the liturgical and musical development in the Immaculate Conception Cathedral realized the need for an organ. Funds were raised through donations and a musical extravaganza organized by the parish raised enough money to buy the pipe organ. Father Lavery asked the help of a German priest, Father Herman Schablitzki S.V.D., who came to Ozamiz to get the specification needed to guide the organ builders in Germany. Father Schablitzki himself, assisted by one carpenter and one electrician, assembled the organ in six weeks and it was completed on May 31, 1967. It was inaugurated on July 16, 1967; the feast day of Our Lady of Mount Carmel.[14]
  • Immaculate Conception Cathedral. The Cathedral was built from the ruins of a church destroyed in an earthquake. It was one of the early designs of national artist for architecture Leandro Locsin. his simple style of squares, circles, and half circles are evident in the external and internal designs of the church. The facade was later changed.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Ozamiz Airport

Ozamiz Airport (also known as Labo Airport) was reopened last July 5, 2007, 9 years after Philippine Airlines (PAL) stopped their operations using Fokker 50 and Sunriser planes and eventually went the airport to its closure due to its short runway in which cannot accommodate jet planes. Air Philippines, (a subsidiary airline of PAL) was the first airline served the airport for Manila using B737-200 which is also the first jet plane to land the airport while PAL Express (another PAL subsidiary), was then served direct flights to Cebu again using their Bombardier Q400.

PAL's competitor, Cebu Pacific later opened their service in Ozamiz with its first flight to Cebu on November 10, 2008 using their brand-new ATR72-500. With high demand of passengers, cargo and tourist arrivals, Cebu Pacific then launched its Manila route with their Airbus 319, while PAL took over Air Philippines service to Manila using also the Airbus 319 last June 16, 2009.

When Air Philippines took its rebranding as Airphil Express (now PAL Express), it then relaunched its Ozamiz to Manila flight last August 18, 2011 using their Airbus A320. It then forces Cebu Pacific to change its aircraft to replace all of their ATR72-500 that serves Ozamiz Airport to an Airbus A319 and Airbus A320. Despite fierce competition between PAL and Cebu Pacific, PAL ended their operations in Ozamiz last March 25, 2012, leaving their affiliate PAL Express to compete with Cebu Pacific. Since then, the competition between PAL Express and Cebu Pacific became the duopoly in serving to and from the airport.

Ozamiz Airport will undergo a P300M expansion and development with installation of runway lights, extension of runway from its current of length 1.9 km to 2.1 km and construction of a new passenger terminal building.[15][16]

Sea[edit]

There are several major shipping lines serving Cebu, Manila and Iligan routes namely: 2GO Travel (formerly SuperFerry, Negros Navigation and Cebu Ferries), Trans-Asia Shipping Lines, Cokaliong Shipping Lines, Carlos A. Gothong Lines, and Philippine Span Asia Carrier Corp.(PSACC former Sulpicio Lines). Cokaliong Shipping Lines increased their Cebu service from thrice to 5 times weekly. Local shipping lines like Daima have trips from Ozamiz to Mukas, Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte routes through Roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferries that transport passengers, cars/trucks and goods across Panguil bay.

Land[edit]

The public mode of transportation within the city is by trisikad/pedicab and motorized tricycle, while Rural Transit, Super Five, UV Express, and public utility jeepneys such as Lotradisco were the predominant transport for interprovincial routes, to and from the city.

Education[edit]

The presence of two universities in Ozamiz, La Salle University, formerly known as Immaculate Conception College (ICC) and Misamis University, makes it a premier education center in Northern Mindanao. Students coming from Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte and Misamis Occidental come to Ozamiz to pursue their college education.

Secondary Schools:[17]

  • Misamis Union High School formerly Misamis Chinese High School. This is the only Chinese School in Misamis Occidental.
  • Ozamiz City National High School
  • Labo National High School
  • Pulot National High School
  • Stimpson Abordo National High School
  • Labinay National High School
  • San Antonio National High School
  • Ozamiz City School of Arts and Trades
  • FMC MA School and Tutorial Services, Inc.

Health[edit]

Hospitals and healthcare facilities:

  • Mayor Hilarion A. Ramiro Sr. Medical Center (MHARS MC)- a 500-bed capacity tertiary hospital owned by the Dept. of Health.
  • Misamis University Medical center (MUMC)- a tertiary hospital located at Brgy. Bagakay.
  • Medina General Hospital- a 200-bed capacity tertiary hospital located at Brgy. Carmen Annex.
  • Faith Hospital
  • S.M. Lao Memorial Hospital
  • St. Joseph General Hospital, formerly St. Mary General Hospital
  • St. Padre Pio Medical Clinic - located at JEM bldg., Medina Avenue, Brgy. Carmen Annex

Government[edit]

Local Government Officials (as of July 2017):

  • Mayor: Irene E. Luansing (Acting)*
  • Vice Mayor: Michael L. Tagal (Acting)*
  • Congressman (2nd District): Henry S. Oaminal
  • City Councilors:
    • Michael L. Tagal
    • Irene E. Luansing
    • Matronilo S. Cartagenas
    • Taryn S. Mecaros Sr.
    • Roberto A. Cantago Jr.
    • Rico D. Auman
    • Fritz Neil R. Balgue
    • Rizalina O. Francisco
    • Carlito C. Bodiongan

*Acting in capacity, while Nova Princess Parojinog and Ricardo O. Parojinog cannot fulfill the role of Mayor and Vice Mayor while in detention.

Sister cities[edit]

Local

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "City of Ozamis (Ozamiz)". Ozamizcity.com. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Councilors appointed to lead Ozamiz after mayor's death, vice's arrest". Abs-cbn.com. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  3. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Province: Misamis Occidental". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  6. ^ Kent Holmes, Wendell Fertig and His Guerrilla Forces in the Philippines: Fighting the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945 (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2015), p. 43.
  7. ^ Maj. Larry S. Schmidt, "American Involvement in the Filipino Resistance Movement on Mindanao During the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945" (Master of Military Art and Science thesis, Fort Leavenworth, Kans., 1982), p. ix, online at file:///C:/Users/wcprr/Downloads/ADB068659%20(2).pdf .
  8. ^ "Philippines mayor accused by Duterte of drugs trade links shot dead". BBC News. July 30, 2017. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  9. ^ "Police kill Reynaldo Parojinog and wife in drug raid". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2017-08-21.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Misamis Occidental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "The February Revolution and Other Reflections", by Miguel Bernad, S.J, 1986.
  14. ^ "How An Entire City Built An Organ", by Bernad, Miguel S.J., Manila: Solidaridad Publishing House, 1968
  15. ^ Camus, Miguel R. "7 airports up for rehab, expansion". Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  16. ^ "TIEZA sets Ozamiz park project". Bworldonline.com. Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  17. ^ "City of Ozamis (Ozamiz) : Schools". Archived from the original on 2005-04-04. Retrieved July 2, 2014.

External links[edit]