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City of Ozamiz
Downtown Ozamiz
Downtown Ozamiz
Flag of Ozamiz
Official seal of Ozamiz
  • Gem of the Panguil Bay
  • Gateway to Northwestern Mindanao
  • Historical, Cultural, and Pilgrimage Destination
Asenso Ozamiz
Map of Misamis Occidental with Ozamiz highlighted
Map of Misamis Occidental with Ozamiz highlighted
Ozamiz is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°09′N 123°51′E / 8.15°N 123.85°E / 8.15; 123.85Coordinates: 8°09′N 123°51′E / 8.15°N 123.85°E / 8.15; 123.85
RegionNorthern Mindanao
ProvinceMisamis Occidental
District 2nd district
CityhoodJuly 16, 1948[1]
Named forJosé Ozámiz
Barangays51 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorHenry F. Oaminal Jr. (PDPLBN)
 • Vice MayorSimplicia O. Neri (PDPLBN)
 • RepresentativeSancho Fernando F. Oaminal (NP)
 • City Council
 • Electorate98,929 voters (2022)
 • Total169.95 km2 (65.62 sq mi)
216 m (709 ft)
Highest elevation
1,923 m (6,309 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census) [4]
 • Total140,334
 • Density830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class3rd city income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2018)[5]
 • Revenue₱ 1,058 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 1,763 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 749.6 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 333.6 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityMisamis Occidental 2 Electric Cooperative (MOELCI 2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Native languagesSubanon
Feast dateJuly 16 ; December 8
Catholic dioceseArchdiocese of Ozamis
Patron saintBlessed Virgin of Cotta

Ozamiz, officially the City of Ozamiz (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Ozamiz; Filipino: Lungsod ng Ozamiz), is a 3rd class component city in the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 140,334 people. [4]

Although occasionally spelled as Ozamis in official sources like COMELEC,[6] it is spelled as Ozamiz[7] in Republic Act No. 321, the Ozamiz City Charter Act. In 2005, City Resolution 251-05 was passed to reiterate that it is officially spelled Ozamiz, not Ozamis.


Fuerte de la Concepcion del Triunfo Marker

The city of Ozamiz grew out of an old Spanish town called Misamis—a name believed to have been derived from the Subanen word "Kuyamis," a variety of coconut. Other unverified historical sources, however, suggest that the name Misamis came from "Misa" after the Catholic Mass. The old Spanish town grew in size due to the nearby Spanish garrison stationed at the stone fort named Fuerte de la Concepcion del Triunfo. The fort was constructed some time in 1756 in order to attempt to combat the pirate activities originating in the nearby Lanao area. In 1850, the town of Misamis became the capital of the District of Misamis.

In October 1942, Wendell Fertig established the command headquarters of the growing guerrilla resistance to the Japanese occupation of Mindanao in the Spanish fort in the city. His headquarters was abandoned June 26, 1943, due to a large Japanese attack.[8] Until the end of the war, the Japanese occupied this fort. During the Japanese occupation of Misamis in World War II, the "Cotta" was garrisoned by a contingent of Japanese who dug foxholes near or under the walls. This undermining of walls later led to the destruction of the southwest bastion in the earthquake of 1955.[1]

After the war, Misamis became a chartered city by virtue of Republic Act 321 on July 16, 1948. This also renamed Misamis to Ozamiz after a hero José Ozámiz who hailed from the province of Misamis Occidental and who at one time also served as its governor and congressional representative of the Lone District of Misamis Occidental, a delegate to the 1935 Constitutional Convention that resulted in the creation of the 1935 Constitution for the Philippine Commonwealth Government. In 1941, José Ozámiz was elected to the Philippine Senate.


Ozamiz is nearby the Zamboanga del Sur and Zamboanga del Norte provinces, while Lanao del Norte is across the bay. Ozamiz is 52 kilometers (32 mi) from Maria Cristina Falls, the main source of hydroelectric power in Mindanao.


Climate data for Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C 29 30 31 31 30 30 29 30 30 30 30 30 30
Average low °C 22 22 22 23 24 24 24 24 24 24 23 23 23
Average precipitation mm 69 58 67 60 109 114 83 78 76 92 86 63 955
Average high °F 84 86 88 88 86 86 84 86 86 86 86 86 86
Average low °F 72 72 72 73 75 75 75 75 75 75 73 73 74
Average precipitation inches 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.4 4.3 4.5 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.6 3.4 2.5 37.7
Average rainy days 12.8 11.6 14.8 17.4 24.8 23.5 20.7 18.5 17.4 22.5 21.6 15.6 221.2
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[9]


Ozamiz is politically subdivided into 51 barangays.[10]

Name Population
(2015) [11]
50th District (Poblacion) 1,138 104210051
Aguada (Poblacion) 7,543 104210001
Bacolod 2,226 104210003
Bagakay 3,955 104210004
Balintawak 660 104210005
Bañadero (Poblacion) 8,000 104210002
Baybay San Roque 3,527 104210043
Baybay Santa Cruz 1,852 104210006
Baybay Triunfo 2,817 104210007
Bongbong 2,742 104210008
Calabayan 3,353 104210009
Capucao C. 652 104210010
Capucao P. 1,419 104210011
Carangan 5,223 104210012
Carmen (Misamis Annex) 6,135 104210037
Catadman-Manabay 7,422 104210013
Cavinte 620 104210014
Cogon 1,417 104210015
Dalapang 636 104210016
Diguan 1,503 104210017
Dimaluna 3,020 104210018
Doña Consuelo 4,178 104210052
Embargo 863 104210019
Gala 935 104210020
Gango 5,686 104210021
Gotokan Daku 531 104210022
Gotokan Diot 413 104210023
Guimad 750 104210024
Guingona 596 104210025
Kinuman Norte 1,484 104210026
Kinuman Sur 1,172 104210027
Labinay 1,600 104210028
Labo 3,065 104210029
Lam-an 2,961 104210030
Liposong 823 104210031
Litapan 898 104210032
Malaubang 7,867 104210033
Manaka 898 104210034
Maningcol 6,951 104210035
Mentering 439 104210036
Molicay 3,581 104210038
Pantaon 1,083 104210040
Pulot 4,328 104210041
San Antonio 4,353 104210042
Sangay Daku 777 104210044
Sangay Diot 445 104210045
Sinusa 1,724 104210046
Stimson Abordo (Montol) 2,246 104210039
Tabid 3,958 104210047
Tinago 10,596 104210048
Trigos 776 104210049


Population census of Ozamiz
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,709—    
1918 23,237+4.68%
1939 36,313+2.15%
1948 35,262−0.33%
1960 44,091+1.88%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 64,643+3.90%
1975 71,559+2.06%
1980 77,832+1.69%
1990 91,503+1.63%
1995 101,944+2.05%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 110,420+1.73%
2007 123,137+1.51%
2010 131,527+2.43%
2015 141,828+1.45%
2020 140,334−0.21%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][12][13][14]

In the 2020 census, Ozamiz had a population of 140,334 people, [4] with a density of 830 inhabitants per square kilometer or 2,100 inhabitants per square mile.


Ozamiz is agricultural by resource, but it has become the center for commerce, health, transportation, and education, considering its strategic location. The city has a good harbor location, as its local port is the principal outlet of mineral deposits and agricultural and forest products of the provinces of Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Maguindanao, parts of Lanao del Norte, and Lanao del Sur.


Due to the location of the city, Ozamiz has several notable shopping centers within its city center.

  • Gaisano Capital Mall is the largest mall in the city with the expansion of a new South Wing Mall in 2011.
  • Novo also expanded and constructed their a larger structure with a hotel named Asia Novotel in 2010.
  • Unitop Ozamiz also expanded their building in 2012 in front of the City Public Mall.
  • City Public Mall, formerly known as City Public Market, is the biggest public establishment in Northwestern Mindanao. It is owned and managed by the Ozamiz government and was opened on May 28, 2009.
  • Robinsons Supermarket opened to the public on November 30, 2012.
  • Puregold Ozamiz opened in the year 2019 with the first-ever 7-Eleven serving the developing city.


Local officials are elected every 3 years. The city local government is composed of the mayor, vice mayor, ten councilors, one Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) representative, one indigenous people (IPMR) representative and an Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) representative.

Elected officials[edit]

2022–2025 Ozamiz City Council Team Oaminal/Asenso Ozamiz
Sancho Fernando "Ando" F. Oaminal
Mayor Vice Mayor
Atty. Henry “Indy” F. Oaminal Jr. Simplicia "Bebie" O. Neri
Marcelo Archie S. Romero II Juanito "Junjun" B. Saquin Jr. Cecille Y. Co Roland "Dinky" B. Suizo Jr.
Anita "Nene" M. Linsag Daniel C. Lao Marcelian "Mars" C. Tapayan Lorlie Fuentes-Cipres
Saulo D. Salvador Katherine "Kat-Kat" C. Lim John G. Docdor (ABC) Erwin R. Ochavillo (SK)
Relinda A. Bation (IPMR)


Notable events and festivals[edit]

Ozamiz's Charter Day anniversary, the feast of Our Lady of Triumph of the Cross at Cotta Shrine, and the Subayan Keg Subanon festival are celebrated on July 16. During feasts and holidays, firework displays are held nearby the Cotta Shrine. Every December 8, the Feast of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception is celebrated. The Sr. Santo Nino Fluvial Parade, held at Panguil Bay is celebrated every 4th Sunday of January.


Fuerte de la Concepcion y del Triunfo
  • Fuerte de la Concepcion y del Triunfo, also known as Cotta Shrine, is a fort built in 1756 by Father José Ducos to serve as a Spanish outpost in the area. A special chapel was built inside the walls of the fort and an image of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception was enshrined in the chapel. An image of the Virgin Mary (Nuestra Señora de la Immaculada Concepción y del Triunfo de la Cruz de Migpangi) was carved on the outside wall of the fort facing the sea. The image is believed to be miraculously growing and has been an object of pilgrimage. In 2022, the fort was renovated and restored to its original design. As of now, Cotta is undergoing development with construction of a boulevard with a Spanish galleon replica, a park, a mini commercial complex for food stalls, ticketing offices, restos, cafes and souvenir shops.
  • Bukagan Hill has a view of the city, Panguil Bay, and the provinces of Lanao del Norte, and Zamboanga del Sur. There are four great bells at the top of Bukagan Hill. The bells were named after "St. Peter", "St. Marien", "St. Joseph" and "St. Michael" and were originally purchased by Bishop Patrick Cronin, D.D. for the Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. However, the bells weigh 7 tons and were found to be too heavy and too large for the cathedral's belfry. The people felt that it was very expensive to construct a special belfry for them considering that a lot of fund raising effort was made for the building of the cathedral and the installing of the pipe organ. It was through the efforts of then City Mayor Fernando T. Bernad that the bells were finally given a place at the Bukagan Hill. With the help of Jesus Y. Varela, the huge bells were installed in Bukagan Hill Bells and officially inaugurated on July 16, 1948.[22]
  • Naomi's Botanical Garden and tourists Inn sits on a 12 hectare property of local and imported tropical flowers, plants and fruit seedlings. There are fully air-conditioned private rooms, Function halls, tennis court, Golf range, ceramics factory, pottery and a bakery inside this sprawling garden.
  • Mt. Malindang Golf and Country Club is a pre-war army facility converted into a golf course located in Bagakay at the foot of Mount Malindang.
  • The Immaculate Conception Pipe Organ, found in the choir loft of the Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, is the only existing pipe organ in Mindanao and one among the few throughout the country. An Irish Columban priest, Father Sean Lavery, who was in charge of the liturgical and musical development in the Immaculate Conception Cathedral realized the need for an organ. Funds were raised through donations and a musical extravaganza organized by the parish raised enough money to buy the pipe organ. Father Lavery asked the help of a German priest, Father Herman Schablitzki S.V.D., who came to Ozamiz to get the specification needed to guide the organ builders in Germany. Father Schablitzki himself, assisted by one carpenter and one electrician, assembled the organ in six weeks and it was completed on May 31, 1967. It was inaugurated on July 16, 1967; the feast day of Our Lady of Mount Carmel.[23]
  • Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception was built from the ruins of a church destroyed in an earthquake in 1955. It was one of the early designs of national artist for architecture Leandro Locsin. His simple style of squares, circles, and half circles are evident in the external and internal designs of the church. The facade was later changed.



Ozamiz Airport

Ozamiz Airport, also known as Labo Airport, was reopened July 5, 2007, 9 years after Philippine Airlines (PAL) stopped their operations using Fokker 50 and Sunriser planes. This had caused the airport's closure due to its short runway, which cannot accommodate jet planes. Air Philippines, (a subsidiary airline of PAL), was the first airline that used Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, using a B737-200, which is also the first jet plane to land at the airport. PAL Express, another PAL subsidiary, then made direct flights to Mactan–Cebu International Airport again using their Bombardier Q400.

PAL's competitor, Cebu Pacific Air, later opened their service in Ozamiz with its first flight to Cebu on November 10, 2008, using their brand-new ATR72-500. With high demand of passengers, cargo and tourist arrivals, Cebu Pacific then launched its Manila route with their Airbus 319, while PAL took over Air Philippines service to Manila using the Airbus 319 last June 16, 2009.

When Air Philippines took its rebranding as Airphil Express (now PAL Express), it then relaunched its Ozamiz to Manila flight last August 18, 2011, using their Airbus A320. It then forced Cebu Pacific to change its aircraft to replace all of their ATR72-500 that served Ozamiz Airport to an Airbus A319 and Airbus A320. Despite fierce competition between PAL and Cebu Pacific, PAL ended their operations in Ozamiz last March 25, 2012, leaving their affiliate PAL Express to compete with Cebu Pacific. Since then, the competition between PAL Express and Cebu Pacific became the duopoly in serving to and from the airport.

Ozamiz Airport will undergo a P300M expansion and development with installation of runway lights, extension of runway from its current of length 1.9 km to 2.1 km and construction of a new passenger terminal building.[24][25]


Port of Ozamiz

There are several major shipping lines serving Cebu, Manila and Iligan routes namely: 2GO Travel (formerly SuperFerry, Negros Navigation and Cebu Ferries), Trans-Asia Shipping Lines, Cokaliong Shipping Lines, Carlos A. Gothong Lines, and Philippine Span Asia Carrier Corp.(PSACC former Sulpicio Lines). Cokaliong Shipping Lines increased their Cebu service from thrice to five times weekly. Local shipping lines like Daima have trips from Ozamiz to Mukas, Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte routes through Roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferries that transport passengers, cars/trucks and goods across Panguil bay.


Most transportation within the city is done by trisikad/pedicab and motorized tricycle. For interprovincial transportation, Rural Transit, Super Five, UV Express, and public utility jeepneys like Lotradisco are predominantly used.


Ozamiz City currently has seven hospitals and healthcare facilities:

  • Mayor Hilarion A. Ramiro Sr. Medical Center (MHARS MC): a 500-bed capacity tertiary hospital owned by the Dept. of Health.
  • Misamis University Medical center (MUMC): a tertiary hospital located at Barangay Bagakay.
  • Medina General Hospital: a 200-bed capacity tertiary hospital located at Barangay Carmen Annex.
  • Faith Hospital
  • S.M. Lao Memorial Hospital
  • St. Joseph General Hospital, formerly St. Mary General Hospital
  • St. Padre Pio Medical Clinic - located at JEM bldg., Medina Avenue, Barangay Carmen Annex


There are two universities in Ozamiz, La Salle University, formerly known as Immaculate Conception College (ICC), and Misamis University. Most students coming from Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte and Misamis Occidental come to Ozamiz to pursue their college education.

Secondary schools[edit]

The secondary schools of Ozamiz are:[26]

  • FMC MA School and Tutorial Services, Inc.
  • Labinay National High School
  • Labo National High School
  • Misamis Union High School
  • Ozamiz City National High School
  • Ozamiz City School of Arts and Trades (OCSAT)
  • Pulot National High School
  • San Antonio National High School
  • Stimpson Abordo National High School

Sister cities[edit]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "City of Ozamis (Ozamiz)". Ozamizcity.com. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  2. ^ City of Ozamiz | (DILG)
  3. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  6. ^ "COMELEC Region X Field Offices". Commission on Elections, Republic of the Philippines. June 17, 2020. Retrieved October 18, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 321 : PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES AND CODES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAWLIBRARY". www.chanrobles.com. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  8. ^ Kent Holmes, Wendell Fertig and His Guerrilla Forces in the Philippines: Fighting the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945 (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2015), p. 43.
  9. ^ "Ozamiz: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  10. ^ "Province: Misamis Occidental". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  11. ^ a b Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  13. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  14. ^ "Province of Misamis Occidental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  15. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  22. ^ "The February Revolution and Other Reflections", by Miguel Bernad, S.J, 1986.
  23. ^ "How An Entire City Built An Organ", by Bernad, Miguel S.J., Manila: Solidaridad Publishing House, 1968
  24. ^ Camus, Miguel R. "7 airports up for rehab, expansion". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  25. ^ "TIEZA sets Ozamiz park project". BusinessWorld. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  26. ^ "City of Ozamis (Ozamiz) : Schools". Archived from the original on April 4, 2005. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  27. ^ "Sister City Agreements - Jersey City Open Data". Jersey City Open Data. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  28. ^ "Sister City (Destination Jersey City)". Destination Jersey City. Archived from the original on December 21, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2015.

External links[edit]