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Esterházy in 2010
|Born||14 April 1950|
|Died||14 July 2016 (aged 66)|
|Alma mater||Eötvös Loránd University|
|Notable works||Celestial Harmonies (Harmonia Caelestis, 2000)|
|Notable awards||Kossuth Prize|
Péter Esterházy (14 April 1950 – 14 July 2016) was a Hungarian writer. He was one of the best known Hungarian and Central European writers of his era. He has been called a "leading figure of 20th century Hungarian literature", his books being considered to be significant contributions to postwar literature.
Esterházy was born in Budapest on 14 April 1950, the eldest son of Mátyás Esterházy de Galántha (1919–1998) (Count Esterházy until 1947, when all titles and ranks were abolished) and Magdolna Mányoki (1916–1980). His paternal grandfather was Count Móric Esterházy (1881–1960), who briefly served as Prime Minister of Hungary in 1917. Through his paternal grandmother Countess Margit Károlyi (1896–1975), one of his ancestors was Count Gyula Károlyi (1871–1947), also Prime Minister from 1931 to 1932. Péter had three younger brothers, including international football player Márton Esterházy (born 1956).
Esterházy was educated as a mathematician and began to write in the 1970s. He is perhaps best known outside of his native country for Celestial Harmonies (Harmonia Caelestis, 2000) which chronicles his forefathers' epic rise during the Austro-Hungarian empire to their dispossession under communism. His next novel, Revised Edition or Corrected Version (Javított kiadás, 2002), which appeared as an appendix to the former work, deals with his realisation that his father was an informer for the secret police during the communist era.
After the regime change in 1989, Péter Esterházy refused to accept the return of any land or valuables nationalized by the communists.
Many of his other works also deal with the experience of living under a communist regime and in a post-communist country. He wrote in a style that can be characterised as postmodernist and his prose was described by John Updike as "jumpy, allusive, and slangy. ...there is vividness, an electric crackle. The sentences are active and concrete. Physical details leap from the murk of emotional ambivalence". In an obituary published by Reuters, his literary technique is described as "Employing a stop-and-go rhythm, his writing concentrated on twists and surprises rather than straight narrative lines, combining personal experiences with references, quotes and all shades of jokes from sarcasm to toilet humor, sometimes including texts of other authors."
His works have been published in more than 20 languages. He was awarded several literary distinctions in Hungary, including the prestigious Kossuth Prize in 1996, and has received awards for his work in France, Austria, Germany, Slovenia and Poland.
He was highly critical of the authoritarian tendencies of Viktor Orbán's administration, declaring that "Orbán is not a statesman" and that "the Orbán system is damaging to Hungary. Our Democracy is not liberal, freedom of the press is limited, and the division of power is inadequate."
He was married to Margit Reén, and had four children.
|Ancestors of Péter Esterházy|
Works published in English
(The italicized dates refer to original publication, other dates refer to the English-language publications.)
- Helping Verbs of the Heart (A szív segédigéi, 1985, 1990, 1991, 1996)
- The Transporters (Fuharosok, 1983, 1991, 1994)
- The Book of Hrabal (Hrabal könyve, 1990, 1993, 1994, 1996)
- The Glance of Countess Hahn-Hahn (Down the Danube) (Hahn-Hahn grófnő pillantása, 1991, 1994, 1998, 1999)
- She loves me (Egy nő, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1998)
- A Little Hungarian Pornography (Kis magyar pornográfia, 1984, 1995, 1997)
- Celestial Harmonies : A Novel (Harmonia Caelestis, 2000, 2004)
- Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France
- Order For Merit, Romania
- Austrian State Prize for European Literature, Austria
- Herder Prize, Austria and Germany
- Vilenica Prize, Slovenia
- Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, Germany
- Angelus Award, Poland
- Premio Mondello, Italy
- International Masi Grosso d'Oro Veneziano Prize, Italy
- Kellan Cummings (August 2008). "An Interview with Péter Esterházy". Words Without Borders. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- "Hungarian Writer Peter Esterhazy Dies at 66". The New York Times. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- Sandor Peto, Marton Dunai (14 July 2016). "Writer Esterhazy, postmodern chronicler of Hungary, dies at 66". Reuters. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- "Renowned Hungarian author Peter Esterhazy dies at 66". The Daily Sabah. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- "Péter Esterházy at the PEN World Voices Festival". Hungarian Literature Online. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
Péter Esterházy, whom Salman Rushdie introduced as "one of the most significant writers of world literature today", was a special guest at the PEN World Voices Festival in New York between 29 April and 2 May.
- The Statute IV of 1947, which is still in force in Hungary, declares the abolition of hereditary noble ranks and related styles and titles, also putting a ban on their use.
- Gudenus, János József (1990). A magyarországi főnemesség XX. századi genealógiája A–J. Budapest: Natura. pp. 352–380. ISBN 963-234-313-1.
- Gudenus, János József (1993). A magyarországi főnemesség XX. századi genealógiája K–O. Budapest: Tellér. pp. 29–40. ISBN 963-817-800-0.
- "Esterházy Péter: Orbán nem államférfi". 168 óra. August 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- Marton Dunai (2 October 2015). "Hungarian author Peter Esterhazy has pancreatic cancer: magazine". Reuters. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- "Addio Peter Esterhazy. Sua l' "Amonia Celeste"". RAI News. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Péter Esterházy distins cu Ordinul Meritul Cultural în grad de Comandor, Categoria A "Literatură"". Agenţide Carte. 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Österreichischer Staatspreis für Europäische Literatur". Österreichischer Staatspreis für Europäische Literatur. Archived from the original on 7 January 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Vilenica International Literary Awards". culture.si. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "The Peace Prize of the German Book Trade". The Peace Prize of the German Book Trade. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Angelus 2008". Angelus Central European Literature Award. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Péter Esterházy Wins the Angelus Award". Archived from the original on 23 October 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- "Melania Mazzucco 'Conversa' Con Peter Esterházy". Premio Mondello. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Masi Foundation, Roll of Honour of Masi Prize Winners". Masi Foundation. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Mitglieder". Deutsche Akademie für Sprache und Dichtung. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "Literatur – Mitglieder". Academy of Arts, Berlin. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- Obituary published in Die Welt (in German)
- Tötösy de Zepetnek, Steven (斯蒂文·托托西演). 文学研究的合法化: 一种新实用主义 ·整体化和经主 义文学与文化研究方法 (Legitimizing the Study of Literature: A New Pragmatism and the Systemic Approach to Literature and Culture). Trans. Ma Jui-ch'i (马瑞琪翻). Beijing: Peking University Press, 1997. 111–134.
- Tötösy de Zepetnek, Steven. "Cultures, Peripheralities, and Comparative Literature." Comparative Literature: Theory, Method, Application. By Steven Tötösy de Zepetnek. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998. 121–175.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Péter Esterházy.|
- Video Interview PEN World Voices at LIVE from the New York Public Library 4 May 2008
- A comprehensive record on him in Hungarian Literature Database