Pêra (Silves)

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Pêra
Village
Coat of arms of Pêra
Coat of arms
Pêra is located in Portugal
Pêra
Pêra
Location within Portugal
Coordinates: 37°7′22.8″N 8°20′20.4″W / 37.123000°N 8.339000°W / 37.123000; -8.339000
Country Portugal
District Algarve
Municipality Silves
Area
 • Total 20.6 km2 (8.0 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,951
 • Density 96.3/km2 (249/sq mi)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)

Pêra (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpeɾɐ]) is a former civil parish in the municipality of Silves, Portugal.[1][2] In 2013, the parish merged into the new parish Alcantarilha e Pêra.[3] The village is 12.5 kilometres (7.8 mi) south east of Silves and is 261 kilometres (162 mi) south south east of Lisbon. The village used to be called Pêra de Cima or Upper Pêra to distinguish it from the present Armação de Pêra, which was then named Pêra de Baixo (Lower Pêra).[4]

Description[edit]

Pêra is located a little south of the N125 coast road and is linked to Albufeira by the old municipal road Estr EN526. Pêra has benefited from the road by-pass built several years back which diverted most of the traffic away from the village which often brought it to a standstill. The narrow streets of the village were only ever intended to accommodate pedestrians and horse-drawn vehicles.

The International Sand Sculpture Festival (FIESA) is held annually in the parish.

The parish of Pêra has within its boundaries the villages of

  • Arroteies
  • Benagaia
  • Fonte Negra
  • Louriga
  • Mesquita
  • Monte Raposo
  • Relvas
  • Rogel
  • São Lourenço
  • Sentieiras
  • Torrinha
  • Vale de Margem
  • Vales

Parish Church[edit]

The patron of the village is the Divine Holy Ghost. Pêra main parish church was built in the 18th century and has a single nave and a simple apse.[5] The highlight of the church is the altarpiece with a pyramid-shaped throne[5] in the Baroque style which is located at the end of the chancel. Also from the Baroque period are the side altarpiece, as well as those in the Chapels of Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Our lady of the Rosary) and Sagrado Coracão de Jesus (Sacred Heart of Jesus).[5] Both these chapels have statues which date from the 18th century. The church also possesses interesting figurative tiles in the chancel which depict the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.[5]

Nature Reserve[edit]

2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the village close to the beach on the Charsadda there are some marshes by the name of the Lake of savouries. The salt marshes are a refuge for many varieties of waterfowl and has a rich abundance of vegetation.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detail Regional Map, Algarve- Southern Portugal, ISBN 3-8297-6235-6
  2. ^ Grande enciclopédia portuguesa e brasileira: Actualização, Publisher: Zairol (1998) ISBN 972-9362-16-5
  3. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 115" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Silves, Tourist Guide to the town and Borough, By J.D. Garcia Domingues,: Empresa Litográfica Do Sul, S.A.
  5. ^ a b c d Guide to the cultural heritage of the Algarve, By Turismo of Portugal:Algarve, OCLC 860570547
  6. ^ Observação de aves na lagoa dos Salgados (Pera)

Coordinates: 37°07′23″N 8°20′20″W / 37.123°N 8.339°W / 37.123; -8.339