|District of Serbia|
Location of the Pčinja District within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|• Commissioner||Srećko Pejković|
|• Total||3,520 km2 (1,360 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|• Density||45.1/km2 (117/sq mi)|
|Municipalities||6 and 1 city|
|– Cities and towns||6|
The Pčinja District (Serbian: Пчињски округ / Pčinjski okrug) is one of nine administrative districts of Southern and Eastern Serbia. It covers the southern part of Serbia, bordering the disputed territory of Kosovo, Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia. Its administrative center is the city of Vranje.
It has a population of 159,081, according to the 2011 census. It is possible that the actual population is greater than is stated in the official statistics, because most Albanians boycotted the census; an estimate is that between 20,000–50,000 more people than recorded live in the district.
The Vranjska Banja spa plays a particular part in this region, with its multi-medicinal thermal mineral waters.
It encompasses the municipalities of:
Culture and history
The cultural-historic monuments date back over five centuries ago. The earliest military fortification: Marko's Fortress, originates from the thirteenth century. Also famous are the ancient Turkish Public Bath from the sixteenth century, and the Pasha's House from 1765, in which a Grammar School was opened in 1882.
In 2001, uprisings by Albanians occurred in the Albanian-majority municipalities of Presevo and Bujanovac. In addition, reports emerged in 2006 that the Trgoviste had threatened to secede to Macedonia, which were treated as noteworthy because the area has a majority Serb population. Representatives cited economic hardship and a declining population as grievances against Serbia's government.
- Serbs = 147,046 (64.58%)
- Albanians = 54,795 (24.07%)
- Roma = 12,073 (5.3%)
- Bulgarians = 8,491 (3.73%)
- Others = 5,285 (2.32%)
- Serbs = 132,601 (83,35%)
- Roma = 13,826 (8.69%)
- Bulgarians = 7,287 (4.58%)
- Albanians = 680 (0.43%)
- "Lost in Shuffle, Serb Town Sees Future in Macedonia." New York Times, April 25, 2006.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received recognition as an independent state from 110 out of 193 United Nations member states.
|a.||^ In the municipalities of Bujanovac and Preševo (parts of Pčinja District) there was undercoverage of the census units owing to the boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community.|
- Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from official website.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pčinja District.|
- Пчињски управни округ (Serbian)