Pčinja District

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Pčinjski okrug
Пчињски округ
District of Serbia
Location of the Pčinja District within Serbia
Location of the Pčinja District within Serbia
Country  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
Administrative center Vranje
Government
 • Commissioner Srećko Pejković
Area
 • Total 3,520 km2 (1,360 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 159,081
 • Density 45.1/km2 (117/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code RS-24
Municipalities 6 and 1 city
Settlements 363
Cities and towns 6
– Villages 357
Website www.pcinjski.okrug.gov.rs

The Pčinja District (Serbian: Пчињски округ / Pčinjski okrug, pronounced [ptʃǐɲskiː ôkruːɡ]) is one of nine administrative districts of Southern and Eastern Serbia. It covers the southern part of Serbia, bordering the disputed territory of Kosovo, Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia. Its administrative center is the city of Vranje.

It has a population of 159,081, according to the 2011 census. It is possible that the actual population is greater than is stated in the official statistics, because most Albanians boycotted the census; an estimate is that between 20,000–50,000 more people than recorded live in the district.

The Vranjska Banja spa plays a particular part in this region, with its multi-medicinal thermal mineral waters.

Municipalities[edit]

It encompasses the municipalities of:

Pčinja District

Culture and history[edit]

The ancient Paeonian tribe of Agrianians (Agrianes) ruled the region of present Pčinja District.

The cultural-historic monuments date back over five centuries ago. The earliest military fortification: Marko's Fortress, originates from the thirteenth century. Also famous are the ancient Turkish Public Bath from the sixteenth century, and the Pasha's House from 1765, in which a Grammar School was opened in 1882.

In 2001, uprisings by Albanians occurred in the Albanian-majority municipalities of Preševo and Bujanovac. In addition, reports emerged in 2006 that the Trgovište had threatened to secede to Macedonia, which were treated as noteworthy because the area has a majority Serb population. Representatives cited economic hardship and a declining population as grievances against Serbia's government.[1]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Vranje is based on industry, mining, building industry, trade, agriculture, and forestry. The best known factories are: DIV Tobacco Factory and holding companies: SIMPO and Jumko.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 209,232 —    
1953 220,910 +5.6%
1961 222,520 +0.7%
1971 230,373 +3.5%
1981 238,753 +3.6%
1991 243,529 +2.0%
2002 227,690 −6.5%
2011[a] 159,081 −30.1%
Source: [2]

Ethnic composition[edit]

1992
2002
2011

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 42°33′N 21°54′E / 42.550°N 21.900°E / 42.550; 21.900

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.
a.  ^ In the municipalities of Bujanovac and Preševo (parts of Pčinja District) there was undercoverage of the census units owing to the boycott by most of the members of the Albanian ethnic community.
  • Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from official website.

External links[edit]