Pōmare II

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Pōmare II
Pomare II, engraving by R. Hicks (left).jpg
King of Tahiti
Reign 1782 – 7 December 1821
Coronation 13 February 1791
Predecessor Pōmare I
Successor Pōmare III
Regent Pōmare I
Born c. 1782
Died December 7, 1821
Motu Uta, Papeete, Tahiti
Burial Pōmare Royal Cemetery, Papaʻoa, ʻArue
Spouse Tetuanui Tarovahine
Teriʻitoʻoterai Tere-moe-moe
Teriʻitariʻa Ariʻipaea Vahine
Issue Pōmare IV
Teinaiti
Pōmare III
Full name
Tū Tūnuiʻēʻaiteatua Pōmare II
House House of Pōmare
Father Pōmare I
Mother Tetua-nui-reia-i-te-ra'i-atea[1]
Religion Tahitian
later Reformed

Pōmare II (c. 1782 – December 7, 1821) (fully Tu Tunuieaiteatua Pōmare II or in modern orthography Tū Tū-nui-ʻēʻa-i-te-atua Pōmare II; historically misspelled as Tu Tunuiea'aite-a-tua), was the second king of Tahiti between 1782 and 1821. He was installed by his father Pōmare I at Tarahoi, February 13, 1791. He ruled under regency from 1782 to 1803.[2]

Life[edit]

Initially recognised as supreme sovereign and Ariʻi-maro-ʻura by the ruler of Huahine, he was subsequently forced to take refuge in Moʻorea December 22, 1808, but returned and defeated his enemies at the Battle of Te Feipī, November 12, 1815.[3] He was thereafter recognised as undisputed king (Te Ariʻi-nui-o-Tahiti) of Tahiti, Moʻorea and its dependencies.

Marriage and Christianity[edit]

Pōmare II was married first before March 1797 (betrothed January 1792) to Queen Tetua-nui Taro-vahine, Ariʻi of Vaiari (now Papeari), who died at ʻArue, July 21, 1806.

Pomare II believed that he lost favor with the god 'Oro, and, aided by the missionary Henry Nott, he began paying more attention to the God of the Christians.

He was baptised May 16, 1819 at the Royal Chapel, PapeʻeteChristianity and the support of English missionaries aided the centralisation of monarchic power.

Three London Missionary Society missionaries, Henry Bicknell, William Henry, and Charles Wilson preached at the baptism of King Pōmare II. Afterwards, "Henry Bicknell stood on the steps of the pulpit, took water from a basin held by William Henry, and poured it" on King Pōmare's head.[4]

Today a majority of 54% of the French Polynesian population belongs to various Protestant churches, especially the Maohi Protestant Church which is the largest and accounts for more than 50% of the population.[5] It traces its origins to Pomare II, the king of Tahiti, who converted from traditional beliefs to the Reformed tradition brought to the islands by the London Missionary Society.

Death[edit]

Pōmare died of alcohol-related causes at Motu Uta, Papeete, Tahiti on December 7, 1821.[6]

He was succeeded by his son Pōmare III, who reigned 1821–1827.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Teuira Henry, John Muggridge Orsmond (1928). Ancient Tahiti. 48. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. p. 249. 
  2. ^ Royal Ark
  3. ^ 1815 – La bataille de Fei Pi. Histoire de l'Assemblée de la Polynésie française
  4. ^ The Evangelical Magazine and Missionary Chronicle, 28 .
  5. ^ "https://www.webcitation.org/64LUkdnR5?url=http://en.tahitipresse.pf/2010/07/126th-maohi-protestant-church-synod-to-last-one-week/". Tahitipresse. 26 July 2010. Archived from the original on 31 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011.  External link in |title= (help)
  6. ^ Genealogy
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Pōmare I
King of Tahiti
1782–1821
Succeeded by
Pōmare III