Pingtung City in Pingtung County
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Capital||North West District (西北區)|
|• Mayor||Lin Ya-chun (林亞蒓)|
|• Total||66.03 km2 (25.49 sq mi)|
|Population (December 2014)|
|• Density||3,100/km2 (8,000/sq mi)|
The area of modern-day Pingtung City was originally a village of the Taiwanese Plains Aborigines which they called "Akau", which means "the forest". After the expulsion of the Dutch, the village grew into a Chinese market-town called "A-kau" (Chinese: 阿猴; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: A-kâu).
Empire of Japan
In 1901, during the Japanese era, Akō Chō (Japanese: 阿猴廳) was one of twenty local administrative offices established. In 1909, this unit was merged with Banshoryō Chō (蕃薯寮廳) and Kōshun Chō (恆春廳) to form Akō Chō (阿緱廳). Beginning in 1920, the name was changed to Heitō Town (屏東街), governed under Takao Prefecture. In 1933, the town was upgraded to City status.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan to the Republic of China from Japan on 25 October 1945, Pingtung City was established as a provincial city of Taiwan Province in December the same year. On 1 December 1951, it was downgraded to a county-controlled city of Pingtung County until today.
Pingtung City is located northwestern Pingtung County. It is centered between the western coast and the eastern mountain range on the Pingtung Plain. Many residents work in Kaohsiung and commute daily by train.
Pingtung City is located within the tropics and has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical monsoon climate, as of the rest of Taiwan, the warmest month is July and the coldest month is January, but the weather is hot starting from mid March to late November with an average daytime temperature peeking above 30 degrees Celsius, while the short cooler season starts from mid December and lasts till late February featuring relatively warm days and cool nights with temperatures ranging from 15-27 degrees Celsius. Pingtung county is known to be the hottest county of Taiwan and Pingtung city is well known of having high daytime temperatures typically year round.
|Climate data for Pingtung city (2010-2014)|
|Average high °C (°F)||25.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||19.9
|Average low °C (°F)||14.7
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||6.5
|Source: Wunderground. Rain data from 2006-2014, Central Weather Bureau. Rain data does not include 2013 August to November due to Typhoon Morakot.|
The city is administered as 79 villages: Anle, Anzeng, Beishi, Beixing, Bixin, Chonglan, Chongli, Chongwu, Chongzhi, Dahu, Dalian, Dapu, Datong, Dawu, Dazhou, Dingliu, Dingzhai, Duanzheng, Fengrong, Fengtian, Fengyuan, Fufeng, Gongguan, Goumei, Guanghua, Guangrong, Guangxing, Guixin, Haifeng, Hexing, Housheng, Huashan, Hunan, Huxi, Jianguo, Jinquan, Kongxiang, Lingyun, Longhua, Mingzheng, Minquan, Nanshu, Pengcheng, Pinghe, Qianjin, Qiaobei, Qiaonan, Qingchun, Qingxi, Renai, Renyi, Ruiguang, Sanshan, Shengfeng, Shengli, Siwen, Taian, Taiping, Tanqi, Wannian, Weixin, Wenming, Wumiao, Xingle, Xinhe, Xinsheng, Xinxing, Yixin, Yiyong, Yongan, Yongchang, Yongcheng, Yongguang, Yongshun, Yucheng, Zeren, Zhangan, Zhangchun and Zhongzheng.
- National Pingtung University
- 國立屏東高中 National Pingtung Senior High School
- 國立屏東女中 National Pingtung Girls' Senior High School
- 國立屏東高工 National Pingtung Industrial Vocational Senior High School
- 縣立大同中學 Pingtung County Da Tung Senior High School
- 私立屏榮高中 Private Ping-Rong High School
- 私立陸興中學 Private Lu-Shin High School
- 私立華洲工家職業學校 Private Hua-Chou Senior Industrial & Domestic Science Vocational School
- 私立民生家商職業學校 Private Minsheng Economics & Commercial Vocational High School
- Pingtung Art Museum
- Pingtung Baseball Field
- Pingtung Performing Arts Center
- Pingtung Tutorial Academy
- Zhong-Sheng-Gong Memorial
Pingtung City is served by Pingtung Airport which was established on 28 November 1994.
- 003 Pingtung-Shepi (社皮)- Donggang (東港) 005 Pingtung-Wandan (萬丹)-Donggang-Hengchun (恆春)
- 102 Pingtung-Chaozhou (潮州) -Laiyi (來義) 104 Pingtung-Chaozhou-Jiangong (建功) 107 Pingtung-Chaozhou-Wutan (武潭)
- 109 Pingtung-Chaozhou-Beishi (北勢) -Donggang 206 Pingtung-Ligang (里港) -Maolin/Duona (茂林/多納) 208 Pingtung-Ligang-Meinong (美濃)
- 212 Pingtung-RoYang (洛陽) -Yanpu (鹽埔) 215 Pingtung-Yanpu-Gaoshu (高樹) 301 Pingtung-Zhenxing (振興) -Sandimen (三地門)
- 302 Pingtung-Sanhe Village (三和村)-Sandimen 305 Pingtung-Longchan (龍泉) -SanDiMen 308 Pingtung-Wutai (霧台)
- 310 Pingtung-Neipu (內埔)-Laiyi 314 Pingtung-Wanluan (萬巒) -Chaozhou 315 Pingtung-Chaozhou-Hengchun
- 501 Pingtung-Qishan (旗山) -Tainan (台南) 502 Pingtung-Tainan (freeway)
- Fu-Te Ni
- Hope Lin, actress
- Pan Wei-Lun
- Su Tseng-Chang
- Ang Lee, director of Brokeback Mountain, Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon, Life of Pi
- Ella Chen, singer and actress
- Shino Lin, singer and actress
- Kuo, Chu-chen; Hsu, Elizabeth (11 December 2015). "Pingtung City mayor indicted on corruption charges". Central News Agency. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- Campbell (1903), p. 538. alternate spellings include Akou, Acouw, and Akauw
- "Climate". Wunderground.
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