Pyongnam Line

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P'yŏngnam Line
Overview
Native name 평남선(平南線)
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
Passenger/Freight
Locale P'yŏngyang
South P'yŏngan
Namp'o
Termini P'yŏngyang
Namp'o
Stations 17
Operation
Opened Mainline: 16 October 1910
Onch'ŏn Branch: 8 July 1938
Owner Korean State Railway
Operator(s) Korean State Railway
Technical
Line length 89.9 km (55.9 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 3000 V DC Catenary
(P'yŏngyang - Namp'o)
Route map

DPRK-Pyongnam Line.png

P'yŏngbu Line
0.0 P'yŏngyang (P'yŏngyang Metro)
P'yŏngŭi Line
Chung-guyŏk/Pot'onggang-guyŏk
3.9 Pot'onggang (P'yŏngyang Metro)
P'yŏngyang Thermal Power Plant
P'yŏngyanghwajŏn Br.
Pot'onggang-guyŏk/P'yŏngch'ŏn-guyŏk
P'yŏngyang Choch'ajang
Pot'onggang-guyŏk/P'yŏngch'ŏn-guyŏk
Pot'onggang Branch
3.7 P'yŏngch'ŏn
Pot'onggang-guyŏk
Potong River
Man'gyŏngdae-guyŏk
Youth Hero Motorway
7.5 Choch'ŏn Closed 1935
8.7 Ch'ilgol
Youth Hero Motorway
13.3 Taep'o Closed
15.8 Taep'yŏng
Man'gyŏngdae-guyŏk (P'yŏngyang)
Ch'ŏllima-guyŏk (Namp'o)
Chamjilli Branch
23.1 Kangsŏn
5.0 Posan
Ch'ŏllima-guyŏk/Kangsŏ-guyŏk
Chamjilli
Posan Branch
28.3 Kangsŏ
Tae'an Line
35.2 Taesŏng Closed
Youth Hero Motorway
Kangsŏ-guyŏk/Ryonggang-gun
40.7 Ryonggang
Ryonggang Line
Ryonggang-gun/Hanggu-guyŏk
47.6 Kalch'ŏn
Onch'ŏn Branch
54.9 Sinnamp'o
Youth Hero Motorway
Tojiri Branch
Tojiri
Namp'ohang Branch
55.2
0.0
Namp'o
Namp'o Container Port
Namp'ohang
Hanggu-guyŏk/Waudo-guyŏk
6.7 Haesan Closed
9.4 Tŏktong
13.8 Sillyŏng-ri
Sŏhae Kammun Line
Waudo-guyŏk/Onch'ŏn-gun
18.5 East Kwangryang
20.7 West Kwangryang
23.4 Hwado
25.9 Rosang
29.8 Kwisŏng
34.7 P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn
Namdong Branch Closed
Ansŏk Closed
Onch'ŏn-gun/Chŭngsan-gun
P'ungjŏng Closed
Iap Closed
Raksaeng Closed
Sŏkta Closed
Chŭngsan-gun/P'yŏngwŏn-gun
Hanch'ŏn Closed
Taep'ung Closed
P'yŏngwŏn-gun/Sukch'ŏn-gun
Yŏmjŏn Closed
Manp'ung Closed
Namdong Closed
Sŏhae Line
Pyongnam Line
Chosŏn'gŭl 평남선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Pyeongnamseon
McCune–Reischauer P'yŏngnamsŏn

The Pyongnam Line, also spelled P'yŏngnam Line, is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the North Korean State Railway linking P'yŏngyang with the port city of Namp'o and the hot springs at P'yŏngnam Onch'on. The length of the line is 89.9 km.[1]

It serves as a connection between the various trunk lines starting at P'yŏngyang that serve the north and east of the country with the lines in the southwestern part of North Korea by means of a connection to the Sŏhae Kammun Line (or West Sea Barrage Line). It connects to the Ryonggang Line and the freight-only Taean Line.[2]

On 21 October 2014 a groundbreaking ceremony for the Sŭngri ("Victory") project to modernise the P'yŏngnam Line from Namp'o to P'yŏngyang and the P'yŏngdŏk Line from P'yŏngyang to Che-dong was held. The project, supported by Russia, is intended to form the first stage of a larger-scale cooperation with the Russian Railways as part of a 20-year development project that would modernise around 3,500 km of the North Korean rail network, and would include the construction of a north-south freight bypass around P'yŏngyang.[citation needed]

The overall project cost is estimated to be around US $25 billion, and it is expected that exports of coal, rare-earth and non-ferrous metals from the DPRK to Russia will provide the funding for the project.[3]

History[edit]

In September 1909 the Chosen Government Railway began construction of a rail line running between P'yŏngyang and Chinnamp'o (nowadays Namp'o),[2] opening it for operations on 16 October 1910.[4]

In the following years, a number of stations were opened along the line to expand the service: Kangsŏn Station on 1 July 1923; Kalch'ŏn station on 1 May 1924; Taesŏng station, 35.2 km (21.9 mi) from P'yŏngyang between Kangsŏ and Ryonggang, was opened on 1 November 1925 and subsequently closed; Choch'on station was opened on 11 February 1934,[5] but a year later was dismantled and moved 1.2 km (0.75 mi) south, becoming today's Ch'ilgol Station;[6] Taebo station, 13.3 km (8.3 mi) from P'yŏngyang Station between Choch'on and Taep'yŏng Stations in Man'gyŏngdae-guyŏk, P'yŏngyang, was opened on 10 January 1944 and subsequently closed;[7] and Pot'onggang station on 21 March 1944.[8]

On 8 July 1938, the Chosen P'yŏngan Railway (朝鮮平安鉄道, Chōsen Heian Tetsudō; 조선 평안 철도, Chosŏn P'yŏngan Ch'ŏldo) opened a private railway line from Chinnamp'o to P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn (34.7 km), running passenger trains to serve the hot springs there.[9]

Both lines were nationalised by the Korean State Railway after the establishment of the DPRK. The line was heavily damaged during the Korean War, but was subsequently rebuilt and expanded, with the construction of Sinnamp'o Station to serve glass factories and shipbuilders located there.[2]

The Pot'onggang Branch was opened in 1961, when construction of the P'yŏngyang Thermal Power Plant began.[10] The mainline between P'yŏngyang and Namp'o was electrified in December 1979.[2]

After the completion of the West Sea Barrage in 1986, a new rail line, the Sŏhae Kammun Line was opened, running from Sillyŏngri on the Onch'ŏn branch of the P'yŏngnam Line to Ch'ŏlgwang on the Ŭllyul Line.[1]

Services[edit]

Freight[edit]

A wide array of industries along the mainline of the P'yŏngnam Line are all served by freight trains, and import-export traffic through Namp'o Port - North Korea's largest in terms of traffic - is also moved by rail along this line.[2]

The Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex at Kangsŏn, the DPRK's largest steel mill, produces steel and other alloys; a good portion of this output is sent to industries elsewhere on the P'yŏngnam Line.[11]

The April 13 Ironworks at Posan produces pig iron, all of which is shipped to the Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex, whilst using raw materials received from all over the western part of the country.[12]

The Kŭmsŏng Tractor Factory at Kangsŏ produces tractors and other agricultural equipment for both domestic use and export, using structural steel supplied from the Sŏngjin Steel Works and the Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex and plate steel from the Hwanghae Iron & Steel Complex.[13]

All freight heading to and from the Taean Machine Complex located in Taean on the adjoining Taean Line moves via the P'yŏngnam Line. Steel arrives there from the Kimchaek Iron & Steel Complex, the Hwanghae Iron & Steel Complex and the Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex, nonferrous metals from the Munp'yŏng Smelter, and imported materials and parts unloaded from ships at Namp'o Port.[14]

The Namp'o Smelting Complex at Toji-ri processes nonferrous metals, shipping gold, zinc, coarse and refined copper, copper wire and chemical fertilisers. It receives ore and concentrates from mines at Taedae-ri and Suan.[15]

Namp'o Shipyard is located at Namp'o Port, building marine vessels of various sizes. Steel and other products are received by rail.[16]

Other rail-served industries on the line include, among others, the Taedonggang Battery Factory and the P'yŏngyang Thermal Power Plant in Saemaŭl-dong, P'yŏngch'ŏn-guyŏk,[10] adjacent to the P'yŏngyang marshalling yard, the Pot'onggang Organic Fertiliser Factory in Chŏngpy'ŏng-dong, P'yŏngch'ŏn-guyŏk, P'yŏngyang Wheat Flour Factory at Ch'ilgol in Samhŭng-dong, Man'gyŏngdae-guyŏk[10] in P'yŏngyang; the Namp'o Kangsŏ Missile Factory at Chamjilli, which is partially above-ground and partially underground with a siding entering the underground complex; the Pyeonghwa Motors factory and the Ch'ŏnji Lubricant Factory at Sinnamp'o as well as the Namp'o Glass Bottle Factory on the Namp'ohang Branch.[17]

On the Onch'ŏn Branch, the bulk of outbound freight traffic is salt and agricultural products; inbound traffic consists primarily of coal, anthracite, fertiliser and goods for everyday use. There is also a significant amount of military traffic along this line, destined for the Onch'ŏn air base of the Korean People's Army Air Force just north of P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn.[2]

Passenger[edit]

A number of long-distance and local passenger trains serve the P'yŏngnam Line.

Four passenger trains operate over the entirety of the mainline.[2] These are semi-express trains 146-147/148-149 between Sinŭiju Ch'ŏngnyŏn on the P'yŏngŭi Line and Namp'o via P'yŏngyang;[1] regional trains 226-227/228-229 between Tŏkch'ŏn on the P'yŏngdŏk Line and P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn;[1] regional trains 225/230 between Potonggang and P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn;[1] and regional trains 240-241/242-243 between Haeju Ch'ŏngnyŏn on the Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line and Namp'o via P'yŏngyang.[1]

Other passenger trains on the line include local trains 361/362, operating between Namp'o and Ch'ŏlgwang, running from Namp'o to Sillyŏngri and continuing to Ch'ŏlgwang via the Sŏhaekammun Line, and local trains 733/734, operating between Kangsŏ and Mayŏng on the Ryonggang Line via Ryonggang.[1] Due to the poor state of the tracks, at present the travel time for trains between P'yŏngyang and Namp'o is around three hours.

Route[edit]

The mainline has a number of branchlines:[1][2]

Mainline[edit]

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 P'yŏngyang 평양 P'yŏngŭi Line, P'yŏngdŏk Line
3.9 Pot'onggang 보통강 Pot'onggang Branch
7.5 Choch'ŏn 조천 Closed 1935
8.7 Ch'ilgol 칠골 P'yŏngyang Wheat Flour Factory
13.3 Taep'o 대포 Closed
15.8 Taep'yŏng 대평
23.1 Kangsŏn 강선 Ch'ŏllima Steel Complex. Chamjilli Branch
28.3 Kangsŏ 강서 Kŭmsŏng Tractor Factory. Tae'an Line, Posan Branch
35.2 Taesŏng 대성 Closed
40.7 Ryonggang 룡강 Ryonggang Line
47.6 Kalch'ŏn 갈천
54.9 Sinnamp'o 신남포 Pyeonghwa Motors. Onch'ŏn Branch
55.2 Namp'o 남포 Namp'o container port. Tojiri Branch, Namp'ohang Branch

Pot'onggang Branch[edit]

This electrified freight-only branchline runs to the P'yŏngyang Marshalling Yard and P'yŏngch'ŏn station, serving a number of industrial customers.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 Pot'onggang 보통강 P'yŏngnam Line
P'yŏngyang Choch'ajang 평양조차장 Taedonggang Battery Factory. P'yŏngyanghwajŏn Branch
3.7 P'yŏngch'ŏn 평천 Pot'onggang Organic Fertiliser Factory

P'yŏngyanghwajŏn Branch[edit]

This electrified freight-only branchline serves the P'yŏngyang Thermal Power Plant.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
o.o P'yŏngyang Choch'ajang 평양조차장 Taedonggang Battery Factory. Pot'onggang Branch
P'yŏngyanghwajŏn 평양화전 P'yŏngyang Thermal Power Plant

Chamjilli Branch[edit]

This non-electrified freight-only branchline serves several above-ground factories and the Namp'o Kangsŏ Missile Factory, which is an underground facility with a rail spur entering the underground complex.[17]

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
Kangsŏn 강선 P'yŏngnam Line
Chamjilli 잠질리 Namp'o Kangsŏ Missile Factory

Posan Branch[edit]

This electrified freight-only branchline serves the April 13 Ironworks at Posan.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 Kangsŏ 강서 Taean Line, P'yŏngnam Line
5.0 Posan 보산 April 13 Ironworks

Onch'ŏn Branch[edit]

This line is electrified only as far as Sinnamp'o, serving a primarily agricultural area. There are freight loading facilities at East Kwangryang, Rosang, Kwisŏng and P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn. In addition to local freight traffic - daily use commodities inbound and salt and agricultural products outbound, and passenger traffic to the hot springs at P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn, there is a significant amount of military traffic to the Onch'ŏn KPAF air base.[2]

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 Namp'o 남포
0.3 Sinnamp'o 신남포 P'yŏngnam Line
6.7 Haesan 해산 Closed
9.4 Tŏktong 덕동
13.8 Sillyŏngri 신령리 Sŏhae Kammun Line
18.5 East Kwangryang (Tonggwangryang) 동광량
20.7 West Kwangryang (Sŏgwangryang) 서광량
23.4 Hwado 화도
25.9 Rosang 로상
29.8 Kwisŏng 귀성
34.7 P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn 평남온천 Onch'ŏn air base. Namdong Branch

Namdong Branch[edit]

This formerly non-electrified line was closed after 1990. The tracks, as well as some of the bridges, have since been removed, and in places the right of way is in use as roadway.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 P'yŏngnam Onch'ŏn 평남온천 Onch'ŏn Branch
Ansŏk 안석 Closed
P'ungjŏng 풍정 Closed
Iap 이압 Closed
Raksaeng 락생 Closed
Sŏkta 석다 Closed
Hanch'ŏn 한천 Closed
Taep'ung 대풍 Closed
Yŏmjŏn 염전 Closed
Manp'ung 만풍 Closed
48.7 Namdong 남동 Closed. Sŏhae Line (Namdong Branch)

Toji-ri Branch[edit]

This non-electrified branch serves the Namp'o Smelting Complex.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
Namp'o 남포 P'yŏngnam Line, Namp'ohang Branch
Toji-ri 도지리 Namp'o Smelting Complex

Namp'ohang Branch[edit]

This line serves Namp'o Port.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 Namp'o 남포 P'yŏngnam Line, Tojiri Branch
Namp'ohang 남포항 Namp'o Glass Bottle Factory, Namp'o Shipyard.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i The traffic and geography in North Korea: P'yŏngnam Line; accessed 14 December 2017. (in Korean)
  3. ^ "North Korea launches Victory railway upgrade". Railwaygazette.com. Retrieved 15 December 2017. 
  4. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Meiji No. 32, 5 October 1910
  5. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 2122, 8 February 1934
  6. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 2614, 27 September 1935.
  7. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 5077, 10 January 1944
  8. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 5137, 22 March 1944.
  9. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Gazette of the Governor-General of Korea), Showa No. 3447, 14 July 1938
  10. ^ a b c Dormels, Rainer (2014). "Profiles of the cities of DPR Korea - Pyongyang" (PDF). Universität Wien. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  11. ^ Staff. "천리마제강연합기업소(千里馬製鋼聯合企業所) (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  12. ^ Staff. "4월13일제철소(四月十三日製鐵所) (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  13. ^ Staff. "통합 검색 결과 : 금성트랙터종합공장 (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  14. ^ Staff. "통합 검색 결과 : 대안중기계련합기업소 (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  15. ^ Staff. "남포제련종합기업소 (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  16. ^ Staff. "남포조선소연합기업소(南浦造船所聯合企業所)" (in Korean). Retrieved 14 December 2016. 
  17. ^ a b Staff. "북한 군수공장 시리즈 11: 님퍼특별시에 소재한 군수공장 및 시설. North Korean Military Factory Series 11: Military Factories and Facilities in Namp'o Special City (in Korean)". Retrieved 14 December 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • Japanese Government Railways, 鉄道停車場一覧. 昭和12年10月1日現在 [The list of the Stations as of 1 October 1937], Kawaguchi Printing Company, Tokyo, 1937, pg. 486