Pyongbuk Line

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Pyongbuk Line
巡道工出品 Photo by Xundaogong 青水站 - panoramio.jpg
View of Chŏngsu Station
Overview
Native name 평북선(平北線)
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
Locale North Pyŏngan
Termini Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Ch'ŏngsu
Stations 13
Operation
Opened 27 September 1939
Owner P'yŏngbuk Railway (1939–1945)
Korean State Railway (since 1945)
Technical
Line length 120.5 km (74.9 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 3000 V DC Catenary
Route map

DPRK-Pyongbuk Line.png

P'yŏngŭi Line
P'yŏngbuk Line
0.0 Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
10.4 Koan Closed
16.5 Pongmyŏng
Pongmyŏng Reservoir
28.4 Panghyŏn
7th Industry Bureau Aircraft Parts Factory
April 3 Factory
Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line
41.2 Kusŏng
49.0 Paegun
4-track yard
63.9 P'alyŏng
70.5 Taeryŏnggang
Taeryŏng River
Taegwalli Line
78.2 Sinon
3.4 distance from Sinon
tunnel 3.7 km long
Kugŏkch'ŏn
91.2 P'ungnyŏn
100.0 Sŏbu
105.9 P'anmak
Amrokkang Line
Sup'ung Line
120.5 Ch'ŏngsu
China - Yalu River - DPRK
Shanghekou (China)
China Railways Fengshang Railway
Pyongbuk Line
Chosŏn'gŭl 평북선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Pyeongbuk-seon
McCune–Reischauer P'yŏngbuk-sŏn

The P'yŏngbuk Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Pyŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Chŏngju on the P'yŏngŭi Line to Ch'ŏngsu; it meets the Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line at Kusŏng.[1]

History[edit]

The line was opened by the privately owned P'yŏngbuk Railway on 27 September 1939 as an industrial railway to serve the Sup'ung Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Yalu River.[2] The Emperor of Manchukuo, Puyi, travelled along this line when he visited the Sup'ung Dam.[1]

Following the partition of Korea the line was located within the Soviet zone of occupation, and was nationalised along with all the other railways in the zone by the Provisional People’s Committee for North Korea on 10 August 1946,[1] becoming part of the Korean State Railway. Electrification of the entire line was completed in 1980, and at the same time, semi-automatic train control was installed on the 41.3 km (25.7 mi) section between Chŏngju and Kusŏng.[3]

Services[edit]

The line serves a variety of industries, including a textile factory in Kusŏng, a chemical factory in Ch'ŏngsu, and North Korea's largest lignite mine near P'ungnyŏn, as well as shipping large amounts of wood south from Amrokkang Station on the Yalu River. Other important commodities shipped on the line are limestone and anthracite.[3]

There are two long-distance passenger trains that operate on the line - semi-express trains 115/116 between P'yŏngyang and Ch'ŏngsu, and local trains 200/201 between West P'yŏngyang and Ch'ŏngsu.[1] There are also commuter trains along the Ch'ongsu—Sup'ung—P'ungnyŏn (6 pairs), Kusŏng—Paegun (5 pairs) and Chŏngju—Kusŏng (2 pairs) sections of the line.[3]

Route[edit]

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance
(Total; km)
Distance
(S2S; km)
Station Name
(Transcribed)
Station Name
(Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja))
Former Name
(Transcribed)
Former Name
(Chosŏn'gŭl (Hanja))
Connections
0.0 0.0 Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn 정주청년 (定州青年) Chŏngju 정주 (定州) P'yŏngŭi Line
10.4 10.4 Koan 고안 (高安) Closed
16.5 16.5
(from Chŏngju Ch'ŏngnyŏn)
Pongmyŏng 봉명 (鳳鳴)
28.4 11.9 Panghyŏn 방현 (方峴)
41.2 12.8 Kusŏng 구성 (亀城) P'yŏngbuk Kusŏng 평북구성 (平北亀城) Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Line
49.0 7.8 Paegun 백운 (白雲)
63.9 14.9 P'alyŏng 팔영 (八営) Taean 대안 (大安)
70.5 6.6 Taeryŏnggang 대령강 (大寧江) Taegwan 대관 (大館)
78.2 7.7 Sinon 신온 (新温) Ch'angp'yŏng 창평 (昌坪) Taegwalli Line
91.2 13.0 P'ungnyŏn 풍년 (豊年) Sakchu Onch'ŏn 삭주온천 (朔州温泉)
100.0 8.8 Sŏbu 서부 (西部) Sakchu 삭주 (朔州)
105.9 5.9 P'anmak 판막 (板幕) Sinan 신안 (新安)
113.7 7.8 Pup'ung 부풍 (富豊) Sup'ung Line, Amrokkang Line
120.5 6.8 Ch'ŏngsu 청수 (青水)
Yalu River 압록강 (鴨綠江) DPRK−PRC border
Shanghekou, China 上河口 China Railways Fengshang Railway

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa Nr. 3813, 3 October 1939
  3. ^ a b c North Korea Geographic Information: Transportation Geography - P'yŏngbuk Line (in Korean)