P-800 Oniks

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Yakhont/Onyx missile
Yakhont.jpg
Yakhont/Onyx missile at MAKS Airshow in Zhukovskiy, 1997.
Type anti-ship cruise missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 2002–present[1]
Used by See Operators
Production history
Manufacturer NPO Mashinostroyeniya
Specifications
Weight 3,000 kg (6,614 lb)
Length 8.9 m (29.2 ft)
Diameter 0.7 m (2.3 ft)
Warhead 250 kg (551 lb)

Engine Ramjet using kerosene liquid fuel
Wingspan 1.7 m (5.6 ft)
Operational
range
Yakhont: 120 to 300 km (74.6 to 186.4 mi) depending on altitude
Onyx (Russian version): 600km (max range)[2]
Flight altitude 10 meters or higher
Speed Mach 2.5
Guidance
system
midcourse inertial guidance, active radar homing-passive radar seeker head
Launch
platform
coastal installations, naval ship, Fixed-wing aircraft

The P-800 Oniks (Russian: П-800 Оникс; English: Onyx), also known in export markets as Yakhont (Russian: Яхонт; English: ruby), is a Russian/Soviet supersonic anti-ship cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr. Its GRAU designation is 3M55. Development officially started in 1983, and by 2001 allowed the launch of the missile from land, sea, air and submarine. The missile has the NATO reporting codename SS-N-26 "Strobile". It is reportedly a replacement for the P-270 Moskit, but possibly also for the P-700 Granit. The P-800 was reportedly used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos.

Description[edit]

The missile is carried in flight by aerodynamic lift. The solid-propellant booster is located in the ramjet's combustion chamber and is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.

Standard batteries of the K-300 Bastion-P (Бастион-П-Подвижный):

  • 4 self-propelled launchers K-340P with 2 missiles "Yakhont" (crew of 3 persons)
  • 1–2 Command and Control vehicles (ASBU) PBRK (crew of 5 persons)
  • 1 security alert car (MOBD)
  • 4 Transportation and loading vehicles (TLV K342P)

Advantages[edit]

Over-the-horizon firing range, full autonomy of combat use ("fire and forget"), a set of flexible ("low", "high-low") trajectories, high supersonic speed on all phases of flight, full harmonization for a wide range of platforms (surface ships of all major classes, submarines and land-based launchers), low profile flight (sea-skimming), possible use of the missile in electronic countermeasures environment and under enemy fire.

Operational history[edit]

Syria[edit]

In 2010 Sergei Prikhodko, senior adviser to the Russian President, has said that Russia intends to deliver P-800 to Syria based on the contracts signed in 2007.[3][4] Syria received 2 Bastion missile systems with 36 missiles each (72 in total).[5] The missiles' test was broadcast by Syrian state TV.[6]

In May 2013, Russia continued the contract delivery to the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad supplying missiles with an advanced radar to make them more effective to counter any future foreign military invasion.[7][8] The warehouse containing the Bastion Missile was destroyed in an Israeli air strike on Latakia on 5 July 2013, but US intelligence analysts believe that some missiles had been removed before the attack.[9]

Specifications[edit]

  • Length: 8.9 m
  • Diameter: 0.7 m
  • Wingspan: 1.7 m
  • Weight: 3,100 kg
  • Speed at altitude: 750 m/s (Mach 2.6)
  • Surface speed: Mach 2
  • Engine: ramjet, weight 200 kg, 4 tons of thrust
  • Range: 120–300 km
  • for the combined trajectory (hi-lo) – 300 km
  • for low-altitude trajectory(lo-lo) – 120 km
  • Flight altitude of 10,000–14,000 m
  • Warhead: 250 kg
  • Period of storage: 7 years[10]
  • Fuel: kerosene T-6

Radar homing head

  • all-weather monopulse active-passive, with frequency hopping
  • Immunity: high, from active spoofing, dipole clouds
  • Range: 50 km active[11]
  • Launchable sea state – up to 7 points
  • Warm-up time from power on: no more than 2 min
  • Current consumption at 27 V circuit: up to 38 A
  • Maximum angle of the target search: ± 45 °
  • Homing weight: 85 kg

Variants[edit]

Operators[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MIC "NPO mashinostroyenia" - History". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  2. ^ http://rbth.co.uk/science_and_tech/2013/08/08/russian_supersonic_missiles_behave_like_wolves_28781.html
  3. ^ "BBC News - Syria crisis: Russia 'sends sophisticated weapons'". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Despite Israeli protests, Russia won't halt arms sale to Syria". Haaretz.com. 30 August 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Bastion missile systems to protect Russian naval base in Syria". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Syria Navy with Yakhont missile.flv". YouTube. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "BBC News - Syria crisis: US rues Russian missiles sent to Damascus". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  8. ^ Russia Sends More Advanced Missiles to Aid Assad in Syria
  9. ^ Gordon, Michael R. (31 July 2013). "Some Syria Missiles Eluded Israeli Strike, Officials Say". New York Times. 
  10. ^ http://inbsite.com/missiles.html
  11. ^ http://www.granit-electron.ru/products/mil/complex/yahont_head/
  12. ^ Koh Swee Lean Collin (31 May 2011). "Indonesia's Anti-ship Missiles: New Development In Naval Capabilities – Analysis". Eurasia Review. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Ракетный комплекс «Бастион» будет защищать берега Анапы". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  14. ^ Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems. Naval Institute Press. p. 625. ISBN 9781591149552. 
  15. ^ "Nakat". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  16. ^ "Russia parades Bastion-P in Crimea". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  17. ^ "Lenta.ru: Наука и техника: Россия поставила Сирии противокорабельные комплексы "Бастион"". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  18. ^ Haaretz (1 December 2011). "Report: Russia delivers supersonic cruise missiles to Syria". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  19. ^ "/ / «»". 24 October 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  20. ^ "Indonesia’s Anti-ship Missiles: New Development In Naval Capabilities - Analysis". Eurasia Review. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 

External links[edit]