P-800 Oniks

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Yakhont/Onyx missile
Yakhont/Onyx missile at MAKS Airshow in Zhukovskiy, 1997.
Type anti-ship cruise missile
Place of origin Soviet Union/Russia
Service history
In service 2002–present[1]
Used by See Operators
Production history
Manufacturer NPO Mashinostroyeniya
Weight 3,000 kg (6,614 lb)
Length 8.9 m (29.2 ft)
Diameter 0.7 m (2.3 ft)
Warhead 250 kg (551 lb)

Engine Ramjet using kerosene liquid fuel
Wingspan 1.7 m (5.6 ft)

Oniks (version for Russia): 600km (max range)[2]

Yakhont (export version): 120 to 300 km (74.6 to 186.4 mi) depending on altitude
Flight altitude 10 meters or higher
Speed Mach 2.5
midcourse inertial guidance, active radar homing-passive radar seeker head
coastal installations, naval ship, Fixed-wing aircraft

The P-800 Oniks (Russian: П-800 Оникс; English: Onyx), also known in export markets as Yakhont (Russian: Яхонт; English: ruby), is a Soviet/Russian supersonic anti-ship cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr. Its GRAU designation is 3M55 , air launched Kh-61 variant. Development officially started in 1983, and by 2001 allowed the launch of the missile from land, sea, air and submarine. The missile has the NATO reporting codename SS-N-26 "Strobile". It is reportedly a replacement for the P-270 Moskit, but possibly also for the P-700 Granit. The P-800 was reportedly used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos.[3]


The missile is carried in flight by aerodynamic lift. The solid-propellant booster is located in the ramjet's combustion chamber and is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.

Standard batteries of the K-300 Bastion-P (Бастион-П-Подвижный):

  • 4 self-propelled launchers K-340P with 2 missiles "Yakhont" (crew of 3 persons)
  • 1–2 Command and Control vehicles (ASBU) PBRK (crew of 5 persons)
  • 1 security alert car (MOBD)
  • 4 Transportation and loading vehicles (TLV K342P)


Over-the-horizon firing range, full autonomy of combat use ("fire and forget"), a set of flexible ("low", "high-low") trajectories, high supersonic speed on all phases of flight, full harmonization for a wide range of platforms (surface ships of all major classes, submarines and land-based launchers), low profile flight (sea-skimming), possible use of the missile in electronic countermeasures environment and under enemy fire.

Operational history[edit]


In 2010 Sergei Prikhodko, senior adviser to the Russian President, has said that Russia intends to deliver P-800 to Syria based on the contracts signed in 2007.[4][5] Syria received 2 Bastion missile systems with 36 missiles each (72 in total).[6] The missiles' test was broadcast by Syrian state TV.[7]

In May 2013, Russia continued the contract delivery to the Syrian government of Bashar al-Assad supplying missiles with an advanced radar to make them more effective to counter any future foreign military invasion.[8][9] The warehouse containing the Bastion Missile was destroyed in an Israeli air strike on Latakia on 5 July 2013, but US intelligence analysts believe that some missiles had been removed before the attack.[10]


  • Length: 8.9 m
  • Diameter: 0.7 m
  • Wingspan: 1.7 m
  • Weight: 3,100 kg
  • Speed at altitude: 750 m/s (Mach 2.6)
  • Surface speed: Mach 2
  • Engine: ramjet, weight 200 kg, 4 tons of thrust
  • Range: 120–300 km
  • for the combined trajectory (hi-lo) – 300 km
  • for low-altitude trajectory(lo-lo) – 120 km
  • Flight altitude of 10,000–14,000 m
  • Warhead: 250 kg
  • Period of storage: 7 years[11]
  • Fuel: kerosene T-6

Radar homing head

  • all-weather monopulse active-passive, with frequency hopping
  • Immunity: high, from active spoofing, dipole clouds
  • Range: 50 km active[12]
  • Launchable sea state – up to 7 points
  • Warm-up time from power on: no more than 2 min
  • Current consumption at 27 V circuit: up to 38 A
  • Maximum angle of the target search: ± 45 °
  • Homing weight: 85 kg


  • Oniks – Base version for Russia.
  • Yakhont – Export version of Oniks.
  • Brahmos – Co-developed by Russia and India, based on Oniks, produced by BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited in India. BrahMos-II, a hypersonic version is also being developed.
  • Bastion-P – Coast mobile missile system. Officially it was entered service in 2015.[13]
  • Kh-61 - Air launched ASM AGM version.


Map with P-800 operators in blue

Current operators[edit]

  •  Indonesia – 4 VLS (vertical launching system) mounted on Ahmad Yani class frigate KRI Oswald Siahaan (354), 50 missiles.[14]
  •  Russia – 3 "Bastion-P" complexes delivered in 2010, all the complexes taken into service with the Russian Black Sea Fleet's 11th Independent Coastal Missile-Artillery Brigade stationed near Anapa[15] and the Project 1234.7 Nakat, a one-off Nanuchka IV-class corvette commissioned in 1987 with 2x6 Oniks.[16] In the 1990s the antiship missile Onyx was tested on the ship. In 2002 the missile passed the whole range of trials and was commissioned.[17] "Bastion-P" is deployed by Russian forces in Crimea. [18] One more Bastion-P was delivered in 2015.[19]
  •  Syria – 2 "Bastion-P" complexes delivered in 2011, 72 missiles,[20][21]
  •  Vietnam – 2 "Bastion-P" land-based coastal defense systems delivered, 40 missiles.[22][23]


  1. ^ "MIC "NPO mashinostroyenia" - History". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  2. ^ http://rbth.co.uk/science_and_tech/2013/08/08/russian_supersonic_missiles_behave_like_wolves_28781.html
  3. ^ "Brahmos Missiles - The Hans India". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 2015-11-22. 
  4. ^ "BBC News - Syria crisis: Russia 'sends sophisticated weapons'". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Despite Israeli protests, Russia won't halt arms sale to Syria". Haaretz.com. 30 August 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Bastion missile systems to protect Russian naval base in Syria". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Syria Navy with Yakhont missile.flv". YouTube. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "BBC News - Syria crisis: US rues Russian missiles sent to Damascus". BBC News. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  9. ^ Russia Sends More Advanced Missiles to Aid Assad in Syria
  10. ^ Gordon, Michael R. (31 July 2013). "Some Syria Missiles Eluded Israeli Strike, Officials Say". New York Times. 
  11. ^ http://inbsite.com/missiles.html
  12. ^ http://www.granit-electron.ru/products/mil/complex/yahont_head/
  13. ^ http://www.npomash.ru/press/ru/podrobnee020915.htm?l=0
  14. ^ Koh Swee Lean Collin (31 May 2011). "Indonesia's Anti-ship Missiles: New Development In Naval Capabilities – Analysis". Eurasia Review. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "Ракетный комплекс «Бастион» будет защищать берега Анапы". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  16. ^ Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems. Naval Institute Press. p. 625. ISBN 9781591149552. 
  17. ^ "Nakat". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  18. ^ "Russia parades Bastion-P in Crimea". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  19. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2015/1009/145031589/detail.shtml
  20. ^ "Lenta.ru: Наука и техника: Россия поставила Сирии противокорабельные комплексы "Бастион"". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  21. ^ Haaretz (1 December 2011). "Report: Russia delivers supersonic cruise missiles to Syria". Haaretz. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  22. ^ "/ / «»". 24 October 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  23. ^ "Indonesia’s Anti-ship Missiles: New Development In Naval Capabilities - Analysis". Eurasia Review. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 

External links[edit]