# p-stable group

Jump to: navigation, search

In finite group theory, a p-stable group for an odd prime p is a finite group satisfying a technical condition introduced by Gorenstein and Walter (1964, p.169, 1965) in order to extend Thompson's uniqueness results in the odd order theorem to groups with dihedral Sylow 2-subgroups.

## Definitions

There are several equivalent definitions of a p-stable group.

First definition.

We give definition of a p-stable group in two parts. The definition used here comes from (Glauberman 1968, p. 1104).

1. Let p be an odd prime and G be a finite group with a nontrivial p-core ${\displaystyle O_{p}(G)}$. Then G is p-stable if it satisfies the following condition: Let P be an arbitrary p-subgroup of G such that ${\displaystyle O_{p^{\prime }}(G)}$ is a normal subgroup of G. Suppose that ${\displaystyle x\in N_{G}(P)}$ and ${\displaystyle {\bar {x}}}$ is the coset of ${\displaystyle C_{G}(P)}$ containing x. If ${\displaystyle [P,x,x]=1}$, then ${\displaystyle {\overline {x}}\in O_{n}(N_{G}(P)/C_{G}(P))}$.

Now, define ${\displaystyle {\mathcal {M}}_{p}(G)}$ as the set of all p-subgroups of G maximal with respect to the property that ${\displaystyle O_{p}(M)\not =1}$.

2. Let G be a finite group and p an odd prime. Then G is called p-stable if every element of ${\displaystyle {\mathcal {M}}_{p}(G)}$ is p-stable by definition 1.

Second definition.

Let p be an odd prime and H a finite group. Then H is p-stable if ${\displaystyle F^{*}(H)=O_{p}(H)}$ and, whenever P is a normal p-subgroup of H and ${\displaystyle g\in H}$ with ${\displaystyle [P,g,g]=1}$, then ${\displaystyle gC_{H}(P)\in O_{p}(H/C_{H}(P))}$.

## Properties

If p is an odd prime and G is a finite group such that SL2(p) is not involved in G, then G is p-stable. If furthermore G contains a normal p-subgroup P such that ${\displaystyle C_{G}(P)\leqslant P}$, then ${\displaystyle Z(J_{0}(S))}$ is a characteristic subgroup of G, where ${\displaystyle J_{0}(S)}$ is the subgroup introduced by John Thompson in (Thompson 1969, pp. 149–151).