P. D. James
|The Right Honourable
The Baroness James of Holland Park
|Born||Phyllis Dorothy James
3 August 1920
|Died||27 November 2014
|Notable works||Death comes to Pemberley|
|Spouse||Ernest Connor Bantry White, an Army doctor (m. 1941–64, his death)|
|Children||2 daughters, Clare (b. 1942) and Jane (b. 1944)|
Phyllis Dorothy James, Baroness James of Holland Park, OBE, FRSA, FRSL (3 August 1920 – 27 November 2014), known as P. D. James, was an English crime writer. She rose to fame for her series of detective novels starring police commander and poet Adam Dalgliesh.
Life and career
James was born in Oxford, the daughter of Sidney James, a tax inspector, and educated at the British School in Ludlow and Cambridge High School for Girls. She had to leave school at the age of sixteen to work because her family did not have much money and her father did not believe in higher education for girls. She worked in a tax office for three years and later found a job as an assistant stage manager for a theatre group. In 1941, she married Ernest Connor Bantry White, an army doctor. They had two daughters, Claire and Jane.
When White returned from World War II he was experiencing mental illness and James was forced to provide for the whole family until her husband's death in 1964. With her husband in a psychiatric institution and their daughters being mostly cared for by his parents, James studied hospital administration and from 1949 to 1968 worked for a hospital board in London. She began writing in the mid-1950s. Her first novel, Cover Her Face, featuring the investigator and poet Adam Dalgliesh of New Scotland Yard, named after a teacher at Cambridge High School, was published in 1962. Many of James's mystery novels take place against the backdrop of UK bureaucracies, such as the criminal justice system and the National Health Service, in which she worked for decades starting in the 1940s. Two years after the publication of Cover Her Face, James's husband died and she took a position as a civil servant within the criminal section of the Home Office. She worked in government service until her retirement in 1979.
In 1991, James was created a life peer as Baroness James of Holland Park and sat in the House of Lords as a Conservative. She was an Anglican and a lay patron of the Prayer Book Society. Her 2001 work, Death in Holy Orders, displays her familiarity with the inner workings of church hierarchy. Her later novels were often set in a community closed in some way, such as a publishing house or barristers' chambers, a theological college, an island or a private clinic. Talking About Detective Fiction was published in 2009. Over her writing career, James also wrote many essays and short stories for periodicals and anthologies, which have yet to be collected. She revealed in 2011 that The Private Patient was the final Dalgliesh novel.
As guest editor of BBC Radio 4's Today programme in December 2009, James conducted an interview with the Director General of the BBC, Mark Thompson, in which she seemed critical of some of his decisions. Regular Today presenter Evan Davis commented that "She shouldn't be guest editing; she should be permanently presenting the programme." In 2008, she was inducted into the International Crime Writing Hall of Fame at the inaugural ITV3 Crime Thriller Awards.
Clare had previously been signatory to a campaign for women to be able to inherit noble titles, instead of these being restricted to the male line.
Film and television
During the 1980s, many of James's mystery novels were adapted for television by Anglia Television for the ITV network in the UK. These productions have been broadcast in other countries, including the US on the PBS network. They featured Roy Marsden as Adam Dalgliesh. According to James in conversation with Bill Link on 3 May 2001 at the Writer's Guild Theatre, Los Angeles, Marsden "is not my idea of Dalgliesh, but I would be very surprised if he were." The BBC adapted Death in Holy Orders in 2003, and The Murder Room in 2004, both as one-off dramas starring Martin Shaw as Dalgliesh.
Her novel The Children of Men (1992) was the basis for the feature film Children of Men (2006), directed by Alfonso Cuarón and starring Clive Owen, Julianne Moore and Michael Caine. Despite substantial changes from the book, James was reportedly pleased with the adaptation and proud to be associated with the film.
Adam Dalgliesh mysteries
Cordelia Gray mysteries
TV and film adaptations
Adam Dalgliesh series
- Death of an Expert Witness (1983)
- Shroud for a Nightingale (1984)
- Cover Her Face (1985)
- The Black Tower (1985)
- A Taste For Death (1988)
- Devices and Desires (1991)
- Unnatural Causes (1993)
- A Mind to Murder (1995)
- Original Sin (1997)
- A Certain Justice (1998)
- Death in Holy Orders (2003)
- The Murder Room (2004)
- An Unsuitable Job for a Woman (1997, 1998, 1999, 2001)
- Children of Men (feature film) (2006)
- Death Comes to Pemberley (2013)
Selected awards and honours
- Officer of the Order of the British Empire, 1983
- Associate Fellow of Downing College, Cambridge, 1986
- Life peerage, Baroness James of Holland Park, of Southwold in the County of Suffolk, 7 February 1991
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
- President of the Society of Authors 1997–2013 
- University of Buckingham, 1992
- University of Hertfordshire, 1994
- University of Glasgow, 1995
- University of Essex, 1996
- University of Durham, 1998
- University of Portsmouth, 1999
- University of London, 1993
- St Hilda's College, Oxford, 1996
- Girton College, Cambridge, 2000
- Downing College, Cambridge, 2000
- Kellogg College, Oxford
- 1971 Best Novel Award, Mystery Writers of America (runner-up): Shroud for a Nightingale
- 1972 Crime Writers' Association (CWA) Macallan Silver Dagger for Fiction: Shroud for a Nightingale
- 1973 Best Novel Award, Mystery Writers of America (runner-up): An Unsuitable Job for a Woman
- 1976 CWA Macallan Silver Dagger for Fiction: The Black Tower
- 1986 Mystery Writers of America Best Novel Award (runner-up): A Taste for Death
- 1987 CWA Macallan Silver Dagger for Fiction: A Taste for Death
- 1987 CWA Cartier Diamond Dagger (lifetime achievement award)
- 1992 Deo Gloria Award: The Children of Men
- 1992 The Best Translated Crime Fiction of the Year in Japan, Kono Mystery ga Sugoi! 1992: Devices and Desires
- 1999 Grandmaster Award, Mystery Writers of America
- 2002 WH Smith Literary Award (shortlist): Death in Holy Orders
- 2005 British Book Awards Crime Thriller of the Year (shortlist): The Murder Room
- 2007 Theakston's Old Peculier Crime Novel of the Year Award (longlist): The Lighthouse
- 2010 Best Critical Nonfiction Anthony Award for Talking About Detective Fiction
- 2010 Nick Clarke Award for interview with Director-General of the BBC Mark Thompson whilst guest editor of Today radio programme.
- "PD James". Front Row. 3 June 2013. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Alphabetical List of Members", House of Lords, UK: Parliament.
- "Faber & Faber: P. D. James". Faber.co.uk. 22 September 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
- Emma Brockes, The Guardian profile: P D James – "Murder She Wrote", 3 March 2001. Accessed 20 January 2013
- The Guardian Paperback Writer Column – Why Detection? by P.D. James
- Reese, Jennifer (26 February 1998). "The Salon Interview – P.D. James – The Art of Murder". Salon. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011.
- "Why I am still an Anglican", Continuum, 2006, p. 16.
- Guardian interview, 2011
- Guardian review, 31 Dec 2009
- Allen, Katie (6 October 2008). "Rankin and P D James pick up ITV3 awards". theBookseller.com. Retrieved 6 October 2008.
- "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories | Politics". theguardian.com. 2014-08-07. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- "PD James, crime novelist, dies aged 94". BBC News. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Reynolds, Stanley (27 November 2014). "PD James obituary". Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "Gender equality for peeresses". Daily Telegraph.
- "P.D. James with Bill Link". Writers Bloc. 2001-05-03. Retrieved 2014-11-27.
- Children of Men at IMDB
- "P. D. James Pleased With Film Version of Children of Men". internetwritingjournal.com. 8 January 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
- The London Gazette: . 11 June 1983.
- "P D James on Desert Island Discs". BBC. 27 October 2002.
- The London Gazette: . 13 February 1991.
- Reynolds, Stanley (27 November 2014). "PD James obituary". The Guardian (London).
- Flood, Alison (25 March 2013). "Philip Pullman to be Society of Authors' new president". The Guardian (London).
- "Baroness James of Holland Park P. D. James". British Council. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- Stafford, Sandra (2008), "The puzzle beneath the prize", The Downing College Magazine 19: 4–6
- British Council contemporary writers
- "The Dagger Awards Winners Archive – 1972". Crime Writers' Association. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "The Dagger Awards Winners Archive – 1976". Crime Writers' Association. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "The Dagger Awards Winners Archive – 1987". Crime Writers' Association. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "The Cartier Diamond Dagger". Crime Writers' Association. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "Deo Gloria Book Awards". Dio Gloria Trust. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
- "PD James wins BBC's Nick Clarke Award for journalism". New Statesman (UK). 12 October 2010.
- Richard B Gidez. P. D. James. Twayne's English Authors Series. New York: Twayne, 1986.
- Norma Siebenheller. P. D. James. New York: Ungar, 1981.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to P. D. James.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: P. D. James|
- The British Council's Contemporary Writers. Accessed 2010-09-15
- Faber and Faber (U.K.), publisher. Accessed 2010-09-15
- Random House (U.S.), publisher. Accessed 2010-09-15
- Penguin Books (U.K.), publisher. Accessed 2010-09-15
- P. D. James at the Internet Movie Database
- Shusha Guppy (Summer 1995). "P. D. James, The Art of Fiction No. 141". The Paris Review.
- The Guardian', 4-3-01. Accessed 2010-09-15
- The Sunday Herald newspaper (U.K.), 13-9-08. Accessed 2010-09-15
- CBC News broadcasting (Canada), 22-9-08. Accessed 2010-09-15
- The Globe and Mail (Canada), 30-1-09. Accessed 2010-09-15
- The Daily Telegraph newspaper (U.K.), 21-7-10. Accessed 2010-09-15
- The Independent newspaper (U.K.), 29-9-08. Accessed 2010-09-15
- The American Spectator magazine (U.S.), 4-1-10. Accessed 2010-09-15
- Extended audio discussion on Death Comes to Pemberley for the Faber website. Recorded October 2011.
- Video interview discussing Death Comes to Pemberley. Filmed October 2011.