P. A. Sangma

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P. A. Sangma
Speaker of the Lok Sabha
In office
25 May 1996 – 23 March 1998
Preceded by Shivraj Patil
Succeeded by G. M. C. Balayogi
4th Chief Minister of Meghalaya
In office
6 February 1988 – 25 March 1990
Preceded by Williamson Sangma
Succeeded by Brington Buhai Lyngdoh
Member of the India Parliament
for Tura
In office
1977–1984
Preceded by K. R. Marak
Succeeded by Sanford Marak
In office
1991–2008
Preceded by Sanford Marak
Succeeded by Agatha Sangma
In office
26 May 2014 – 5 March 2016
Preceded by Agatha Sangma
Succeeded by Conrad Sangma
Personal details
Born Purno Agitok Sangma
(1947-09-01)1 September 1947
Chapahati, Assam, India
(now in West Garo Hills, Meghalaya)
Died 4 March 2016(2016-03-04) (aged 68)
New Delhi, India
Political party National People's Party
(2012–2016)
Other political
affiliations
Nationalist Congress Party (1999–2004; 2005–2012)
All India Trinamool Congress (2004–2005)
Indian National Congress (before 1999)
Spouse(s) Soradini K. (1973–2016)
Children 4; including Conrad, Agatha
Alma mater National Institute of Technology, Patna

Purno Agitok Sangma (1 September 1947 – 4 March 2016) was an Indian politician who served as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha from 1996 to 1998 and Chief Minister of Meghalaya from 1988 to 1990. [1]

Career[edit]

In 1973, Sangma became Vice-President of the Pradesh Youth Congress in Meghalaya and became the General Secretary of the party in 1975. He served in that position from 1975 to 1980.

In 1977, he was elected to the 6th Lok Sabha from Tura in Meghalaya and was re-elected from the same constituency multiple times. He represented the Tura constituency in multiple Lok Sabha sessions - from the sixth Lob Sabha session to the eight Lok Sabha session. He did not contest re-election at the time of the formation of the 9th Lok Sabha [2] but did regain his seat in 1991 at the commencement of the 10th Lok Sabha. He remained a member of the Lok Sabha till 2008. He became Speaker of Lok Sabha in 1996.

Chief Minister of Meghalaya[edit]

He was the Chief Minister of Meghalaya from 1988 to 1990. [3]

Formation of Nationalist Congress Party[edit]

Sangma was expelled from the Congress on 20 May 1999, along with Sharad Pawar and Tariq Anwar, for raising the banner of revolt against Sonia Gandhi over the fact that she was a foreign-born citizen. Sangma along with Pawar and Anwar wanted a native-born citizen to be projected as the Prime Ministerial candidate. [4] After his departure from the Congress Party, he was one of the founders of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) along with Sharad Pawar and Tariq Anwar in 1999.[5] In January 2004, P.A. Sangma created a split in the NCP after Sharad Pawar became close to the NCP's former rival, Sonia Gandhi. After losing a battle for the NCP election symbol, Sangma later merged his faction with Mamata Banerjee's Trinamool Congress, forming the Nationalist Trinamool Congress. He resigned from his Lok Sabha seat on 10 October 2005 as a member of AITMC/TMC, and was re-elected as an NCP candidate in February 2006.

In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, Sangma was one of two NTC MPs elected. He resigned from the 14th Lok Sabha in March 2008 to take part in the 2008 Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election.

On 5 January 2013, Sangma launched the National People's Party[6] on the national level. The National People's Party managed to win two seats in the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly in the 2013 Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election.

Presidential election[edit]

Sangma's candidature was proposed by AIADMK and BJD, and later, supported by BJP as well. Sangma resigned from the NCP on 20 June 2012 after opposition from Sharad Pawar over his presidential candidature. Former Union Minister and a Congress tribal leader Arvind Netam also came out strongly in favour of the candidature of Sangma for the presidential post.[7][8][9]

On 22 July 2012, Pranab Mukherjee was declared the victor over P. A. Sangma, crossing the half-way mark of 525,140 votes after votes in half the states had been tallied. While securing the requires quota, Mukherjee secured 558,194 votes to Sangma's 239,966.[10][11] After the final results were published, Mukherjee secured 7,13,424 value of votes, while P. A. Sangma secured 3,17,032 values of votes. The Returning Officer for the Election, and the Secretary General of the Rajya Sabha, Vivek Agnihotri, then declared Mukherjee to be elected as President of India. Sangma subsequently accused the President-elect of graft.[12]

  MPs MLAs Total
Pranab Mukherjee[13] 373,116 340,647 713,763
P. A. Sangma[14] 145,848 170,139 315,987

Personal life[edit]

Sangma was born on 1 September 1947 in Chapahati, a village in the erstwhile Garo Hills district of Assam (in present-day West Garo Hills, Meghalaya), to Dipchon Ch. Marak and Chimri A. Sangma as one of their seven children.[15] He lost his father when he was 11 and he to quit studies due to poverty. He was helped to return to school by a Salesian Father Giovanni Battista Busolin. Later, he obtained a bachelor of arts degree from St. Anthony's College in Shillong before shifting to Dibrugarh in Assam, where he taught in the Don Bosco High School while pursuing master of arts in international politics from Dibrugarh University.[16]

Sangma married Soradini K. in 1973. They had two sons and two daughters together. Son Conrad and daughter Agatha are politicians.[17] Agatha was elected from Tura to the 15th Lok Sabha elections in 2009, and at 29, was the youngest minister in the UPA ministry.[18]

Death[edit]

On the morning of 4 March 2016, Sangma died from cardiac arrest in New Delhi.[19] He was aged 68.

He was awarded a posthumous Padma Vibhushan in 2017 becoming the first recipient of Padma Vibhushan from Meghalaya. [20]

Positions held[edit]

President, (i) Indian Parliamentary Group, (ii) National Group of Inter-Parliamentary Union; and (iii) India Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association

  • 1998 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
  • 1998 - Member, Committee on External Affairs and its Sub-Committee-I
  • 1998 - Vice-President, Indian Institute of Public Administration
  • 1998 - Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of External Affairs
  • 1999 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
  • 1999 - Member, Committee on Labour and Welfare
  • 2000 - Member, National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution
  • 2002 - Member, Committee on External Affairs
  • 2003 - Member, Committee on Home Affairs
  • 2004 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
  • 2004 - Member, Committee on External Affairs, Member, Committee on Private Members Bills and Resolutions, Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Home Affairs
  • 2006 - Re-elected to Lok Sabha as N.C.P. candidate on 23.2.2006, Tura constituency
  • 2008 - Member, Meghalaya Legislative Assembly

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PA Sangma (1947-2016): The short man from Garo Hills, the tallest North East leader in New Delhi". 
  2. ^ "Tura Constituency". 
  3. ^ "Who is P.A. Sangma?". 
  4. ^ "CWC expels threesome for six years". Rediff.com, 20 May 1999. 
  5. ^ "National Congress Party Origins". NCP official website, retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  6. ^ news.oneindia.in/2013/01/05/sangma-launches-his-party-with-alliance-with-nda-1125781.html
  7. ^ "It's time that a tribal becomes President: Netam". 29 June 2012. 
  8. ^ "Sangma withdraws himself from presidential race, seeks consensus for Abdual Kalam". Headlines today. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  9. ^ "I have quit NCP, will contest presidential polls: PA Sangma". 20 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "Pranab Mukherjee voted India's 13th President". Times of India. 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  11. ^ "Pranab Mukherjee is 13th President". Deccan Herald. 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  12. ^ "BJP supports Sangma after division in NDA". 21 June 2012. 
  13. ^ http://164.100.47.5/pres2012/pressrelease/English.pdf
  14. ^ http://164.100.47.5/pres2012/pressrelease/English.pdf
  15. ^ "Sangma, Shri Purno Agitok Biographical sketch". indiapress.org. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  16. ^ "P A Sangma: From tending cattle for food to minding the Lok Sabha". The Indian Express. 5 March 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  17. ^ Nayak, C. K. (21 March 2016). "‘Unopposed Tura By-Poll Would Be Fitting Tribute To My Father’". The Shillong Times. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  18. ^ "Agatha Sangma youngest minister in Manmohan ministry". The Times of India. 27 May 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  19. ^ "Former Lok Sabha Speaker PA Sangma Passes Away at 68". The Quint. Retrieved 2016-03-04. 
  20. ^ "P.A. Sangma awarded Padma Vibhushan, becomes first recipient from Meghalaya". 

External links[edit]

Lok Sabha
Preceded by
K.R. Marak
Member of Parliament
for Tura

1977–1989
Succeeded by
Sanford Marak
Preceded by
Sanford Marak
Member of Parliament
for Tura

1991–2008
Succeeded by
Agatha Sangma
Preceded by
Agatha Sangma
Member of Parliament
for Tura

2014 – 2016
Succeeded by
Conrad Sangma
Political offices
Preceded by
Williamson Sangma
Chief Minister of Meghalaya
6 February 1988 – 25 March 1990
Succeeded by
Brington Buhai Lyngdoh
Preceded by
Hari Krishan Lal Bhagat
Minister of Human Resource Development
1995 – 1996
Succeeded by
Jaipal Reddy
Preceded by
Shivraj Patil
Speaker of the Lok Sabha
25 May 1996 – 23 March 1998
Succeeded by
Ganti Mohana Chandra Balayogi