P. Bhaskaran

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P. Bhaskaran
Born(1924-05-21)21 May 1924
Kodungallur, Thrissur district, Kingdom of Cochin
Died25 February 2007(2007-02-25) (aged 82)
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
OccupationPoet, lyricist, film director, actor, journalist
RelativesNandyelathu Padmanabha Menon (father)
Pulloottupadathu Ammalu Amma (mother)

Pulloottupadathu Bhaskaran alias as P. Bhaskaran (21 April 1924 – 25 February 2007), was a Malayalam poet, lyricist of Malayalam film songs and filmmaker. He penned more than 3000 songs for about 250 films.[citation needed] He also directed 44 Malayalam feature films and 3 documentaries, produced 6 feature films and acted in several movies. For his overall contributions to Malayalam cinema, he was awarded J. C. Daniel Award by the Government of Kerala.

He was also a journalist and an All India Radio employee before becoming active in the film industry. He was well known for simple use of the language in his songs and poems.

Early life[edit]

P. Bhaskaran was born on 21 April 1924 in Kodungallur, Thrissur district. His father, Nandyelathu Padmanabha Menon was a poet, lawyer, journalist and Indian independence activist. His mother was Pulloottupadathu Ammalu Amma. Bhaskaran was the sixth among the nine children among his parents. His father died when he was studying in fifth standard.[1] He started to write poems when he was studying in 7th standard. He studied in Maharajas College, Eranakulam. He used to write poems in a local magazine. For taking part in the August Struggle, he was sentenced to 6 months imprisonment. After getting released, he went to Kozhikode and joined Deshabhimani Weekly.

Non-film career[edit]

P. Bhaskaran started to write songs for communist stage performers. His songs were banned in the (then) State of Travancore. His first collection of poems was released in the title Villali. During the Communist Rebellion in Punnapra-Vayalar, he wrote a song titled Vayalar Garjikkunnu (Vayalar Roars) under the pen name Ravi. The song, starting with the lines Uyarum Njan Nadake... rose to legendary stature in the days to come, during which the song was banned and he was expatriated from the (then) State of Travancore as per the orders of Dewan C. P. Ramaswami Iyer. Then he went to Chennai (then Madras) to join the editorial board of the Jayakeralam. He used to write songs for Akashavani and that helped him to secure a job in Kozhikode Akashavani. In the 1950s, he got associated with the film industry. He quit his job in Akashavani and went to Chennai to start full-time film career. The lyrics for the theme song of Malayalam channel Asianet, starting Shyama Sundara was also written by him.

Film career[edit]

P. Bhaskaran's debut as a lyricist was for a Tamil film. He wrote the Malayalam lines for a multi-lingual song in film Apoorva Sagodharargal (1949). The first Malayalam film song for which he wrote lyrics was "Madhumadhuri..." for the film Chandrika (1950). He worked with director P. Venu in his films Viruthan Shanku (1968), Virunnukari (1969), and Ariyapedatha Rahasiyam (1981) and produced some evergreen songs.

In 1954, Bhaskaran along with Ramu Kariat directed the film Neelakkuyil. The movie is regarded[by whom?] as ushering in social realism in Malayalam cinema. It got the President's silver medal, first ever national recognition for a Malayalam film. Two years later, he made his first solo work, titled Rarichan Enna Pouran. It failed in box office. His films Adyakiranangal (1964), Iruttinte Athmavu (1969), and Thurakkatha Vathil (1971) went on to win National Film Awards for various categories. He also acted in several films including Neelakkuyil. He appeared in the film Manoradham (1978), as a strict family head who has deep faith in astrology. He also directed several documentaries including the award-winning Vallathol.


P. Bhaskaran suffered from Alzheimer's disease at the end of his life, and could not recognize anyone who worked with him. Two notable experiences were those from music director M. K. Arjunan, whose first film songs were written by him, and singer S. Janaki, who sang most of the songs written by him (Along with K. J. Yesudas). The last film for which he wrote lyrics was 'Soudamini', released in 2003. He died on 25 February 2007 at his home in Thiruvananthapuram aged 83. He was cremated with full state honours at Thycaud Santhikavadam crematorium. He is survived by his wife, Indira[2] and four children. His biography was written as "Urangatha Thamburu" by Perumpuzha Gopalakrishnan and published by Mathrubhumi Books.


Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award
  • 1981 - Poetry - Ottakkambiyulla Thamburu
National Film Awards

Asianet Film Awards

Kerala State Film Awards:

2000-Vallathol Award[edit]

Most popular film songs written[edit]

  • "Kayalarikathu..." (Film: Neelakkuyil)
  • "Kuyiline Thedi..." (Film: Neelakkuyil)
  • "Ellarum Chollanu..." (Film: Neelakkuyil)
  • "Engane Nee Marakkum..." (Film: Neelakkuyil)
  • "Thamasamenthe Varuvaan..." (Film: Bhargavi Nilayam)
  • "Vannan Vannallo..." (Film: Viruthan Shanku)
  • "Vaasantha Sadanathin..." (Film: Virunnukari)
  • "Kanana Poikayil Kalabham..." (Film: Ariyapedatha Rahasiyam)
  • "Hridayamuruki Nee Karayillenkil..." (Film: Karutha Pournami)
  • "Innale Mayangumbol.." (Film: Anveshichu Kandethiyilla)
  • "Kattile Pazhmulam.." (Film: Vilakku Vangiya Veena)
  • "Alliyambal kadavil..." (Film: Rosi)
  • "Anjanakkannezhuthi..." (Film: Thacholi Othenan)
  • "Pranasakhi Nhan..." (Film: Pareeksha)
  • "Karayunno Puzha Chirikkunno..." (Film: Murappennu)
  • "Innenikku Pottu Kuthan..." (Film: Guruvayoor Kesavan)
  • "Karimukilkkattile..." (Film: Kallichellamma)
  • "Manjani Poonilavu..." (Film: Nagarame Nandi)
  • "Pathuvelippinu......" (Film: Vengalam)
  • "Dukhangalkkinnu Njaan..." (Film:Ambalapravu)
  • "Vakacharthu..." (Film: Iruttinte Athmavu)
  • "Swargagayike Ithile"... (Film: Mooladhanam)
  • "Nilaavinte Poonkaavil"... (Film: Sree Krishnaparunth)
  • "Innale Nee Oru Sundara Raagamayen... (film: Stree)
  • "Iru Kanneer Thullikal Oru Sundariyude" (film" Iruttinte Atmavu")
  • "Kesadi Padam Thozhnnen Kesava"... (film: "Pakalkkinavu")

Filmography as director and producer[edit]

Feature Films
  • Guruvayoor Mahatmyam (1984)
  • History of Malayalam Cinema − 2 parts (1989)
  • Vallathol (Year?)
  • Vaiki Vanna Vazhi (1990) (T. V. Film)
  • Vaitharani (1991) (T.V. Serial)

As an actor[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://cinidiary.com/peopleinfo.php?pigsection=Actor&picata=1&no_of_displayed_rows=2&no_of_rows_page=10&sletter=B
  2. ^ http://madhyamam.com
  3. ^ "2nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
  4. ^ "6th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2011.


External links[edit]