Purushottam Laxman Deshpande

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Purushottam Lakshman Deshpande
Suresh Joshi with P L Deshpandey (cropped).jpg
at Vadodara, Gujarat
Born (1919-11-08)8 November 1919
Mumbai, Maharashtra
Died 12 June 2000(2000-06-12) (aged 80)
Pune, Maharashtra
Nationality Indian
Education M.A., LL.B.
Occupation Writer, actor, music composer, film and television producer, film director, music director
Spouse(s) Sunita Deshpande
Relatives Vaman Mangesh Dubhashi (maternal grandfather)
Satish Dubhashi (cousin brother)
Website puladeshpande.net

Purushottam Lakshman Deshpande (8 November 1919 – 12 June 2000[1]), popularly known by his initials ("Pu. La.") or as P. L. Deshpande was a Marathi writer and humorist from Maharashtra, India. He was also an accomplished film and stage actor, script writer, author, music composer, musician (he played the harmonium), singer and orator. He was often referred to as "Maharashtra's beloved personality".[2]

Deshpandes works have been translated into several languages including English and Kannada.[3]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Purushottam was born in Gaodevi area (Krupa Hemraj Chawl) in Mumbai in a Gaud Saraswat Brahmin[4] family to Laxman Trimbak Deshpande and Laxmibai Laxman Deshpande.[citation needed] His maternal grandfather, Vaman Mangesh Dubhashi, was a poet and connoisseur of literature. He had translated Rabindranath Tagore’s Gitanjali into Marathi under the title "Abhang Gitanjali".[5]

The family used to stay at Kenway house (opposite Robert Money School), Proctor road, Grant Road. His family then moved to Jogeshwari within Mumbai where he stayed at the newly formed Saraswati Baug Colony until the age of 8 years. His first 8 years and Saraswati Baug is described in the story titled "Balpanicha Kaal Sukhacha" (translation: the happy days of childhood) in his book Purchundi. The family then moved to Vile Parle.[6]

Education[edit]

Deshpande studied at Parle Tilak Vidyalaya.He attended Ismail Yusuf College after high school and then Government law college for LLB. Later he attended Fergusson College in Pune and obtained his Masters in Arts, (M.A.) in 1950.[5] He also took lessons in playing harmonium from Dattopant Rajopadhye of Bhaskar Sangitalaya[citation needed].

Personal life[edit]

His first wife (the former Ms. Sundar Divadkar from a family in Karjat) died soon after the wedding in the early 1940s. On 12 June 1946, Deshpande married his colleague, Sunita Thakur.[5] Thakur was to go on to become an accomplished writer in her own right.[7] His maternal cousin was Indian actor Satish Dubhashi.[citation needed]

Professional life[edit]

Both Deshpande and his wife served as teachers in Orient High School, Mumbai. He also worked for some years as a college professor in Rani Parvati Devi College Belgaum, Karnataka and Kirti College, Mumbai. He also worked for newly founded Doordarshan, the state owned Indian TV. He was the first person to interview the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on Indian television. He was deputed to the BBC in UK for a year-long training. After which he spent some time in France and in West Germany. It was this specific period and stays in these countries that his later travelogue "Apoorvai" was to be based upon. His other travelogue include Poorvarang" and Jave Tyanchya Desha.[5][6]

Accomplishments[edit]

Pu La Deshpande was proficient Hindustani classical musician. He went on to gain fame as author, screenplay writer, actor, director, music director and singer. During his lifetime he also participated in several philanthropist activities[5][6]

Death[edit]

Deshpande died in Pune, Maharashtra on 12 June 2000 due to complications from Parkinson's disease. He was aged 80. He was survived by his wife Sunita. He died on the 54th anniversary of their wedding.[8][1]

Bibliography[edit]

Most of Deshpande's literary contributions are deeply rooted in Marathi language.[6] Although he wrote across several genres, he was particularly well-known for his humorist literature. He produced several original works and also adapted of prominent works from other languages into Marathi. Prominent examples include the 1952 film अंमलदार (Ammaldar, based on Nikolai Gogol's Inspector General), the 1962 book काय वाट्टेल ते होईल (Kay Wattel Te Hoeel. Based on translation of Helen and George Papashvily's script of Anything Can Happen) etc. He referred to his adaptations as भावानुवाद (Bhawanuwad or paraphrasing) instead of the conventional "translation" or "adaptation"[citation needed].

Filmography[edit]

  • कुबेर (Kuber) – 1947: Actor and Playback Singer
  • भाग्यरेषा (Bhagyaresha) – 1948: Actor and Playback Singer
  • वंदेमातरम् (Wandemataram) – 1948: Actor and Playback Singer
  • जागा भाड्याने देणे आहे (Jaga Bhadyane Dene ahe) – 1949: Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues
  • मानाचे पान (Manache Pan) – 1949:  – Writer of Story, Screenplay, and Dialogues; and Co-Music Director in collaboration with Ga Di Madgulkar
  • मोठी माणसे (Mothi Manase) – 1949: Music Director
  • गोकुळचा राजा (Gokulacha Raja) – 1950: Writer of Story, Screenplay, and Dialogues
  • जरा जपून (Jara Japoon) – 1950: Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues
  • जोहार मायबाप (Johar Maybap) – 1950: Actor
  • नवरा बायको (Nawara Bayako) – 1950: Music Director and Writer of Story, Screenplay, and Dialogues
  • ही वाट पंढरीची (Hi Wat Pandharichi) – 1950: Actor
  • पुढचे पाऊल (Pudhache Paool) – 1950: Actor and Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues in collaboration with Ga Di Madgulkar
  • वर पाहिजे (War Pahije) – 1950: Actor and Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues in collaboration with Achyut Ranade
  • देव पावला (Dewa Pawala) – 1950: Music Director
  • दूध भात (Doodh Bhat) – 1952: Music Director and Writer of Story, Screenplay, Dialogues, and Lyrics
  • घरधनी (Ghardhani) – 1952: Music Director and Writer of Screenplay, Dialogues, and Lyrics
  • नवे बिर्हाड (Nawe Birhad) – 1952: Writer of Story and Screenplay
  • माईसाहेब (Maisaheb) – 1952: Music Director and Writer of Screenplay and Dialogues
  • संदेश (Sandesh) [in Hindi] – 1952: Writer of Story, Screenplay, and Dialogues (translated by Mir Asgar Ali)
  • देवबाप्पा (Dewabappa) – 1952: Music Director and Writer of Story, Screenplay, Dialogues, and Lyrics
  • गुळाचा गणपती (Gulacha Ganapati) – 1953: Director, Music Director, actor, and Writer of Story, Screenplay, Dialogues, and Lyrics[9]
  • फूल और कलियाँ (Phool Aur Kaliyan) [in Hindi] – 1960: Story writer -
  • आज और कल (Aaj aur Kal) [in Hindi] – 1966: Story writer -
  • चिमणराव गुंड्याभाऊ (Chimanarao Gundyabhau) – : Narrator
  • एक होता विदूषक (Ek Hota Vidushak) – 1993: Screenplay and Dialogues

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Social work[edit]

Pu La Deshpande donated and participated in several social and philanthropic causes.

  • Seed donation to Muktangan Deaddiction and Rehabilitation Center[12]
  • Donation to IUCAA Muktangan Vidnyan Shodhika[13]
  • Donation to Neehar, a hostel for the children of prostitutes[14]
  • Donation for closed-door auditorium and an open theatre for the blind students at Baba Amte's Anandvan[14]
  • Supporter of Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (Committee for Eradication of Superstitions), promoting cultivation of scientific temperament

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Pu La Deshpande to come alive on silver screen - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  2. ^ "Pu La Deshpande Park in Pune". www.punesite.com. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Two good: Couple of translators bring joy to Kannada, Marathi - Bangalore Mirror -". Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Economic and Political Weekly, Volume 14". Sameeksha Trust. 1979: 1519. Deshpande a college graduate from a progressive Gaud Saraswat Brahmin community.. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Chauhan, K.A. Author); Ray, N.R. (Editor) (1986). DICTIONARY OF NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY (Supplement) Volume I (A-D). Calcutta: N. R. Ray Director, Institute of Historical Studies. pp. 341–342. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d "P.L.Deshpande Maharashtra Kala Academy, Ravindra Natya Mandir, Prabhadevi, Mumbai". pldkalaacademy.org. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  7. ^ "Author Deshpande passes away at 83 - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  8. ^ PTI (12 June 2000). "Pu La Deshpande passes away". Indian Express. Retrieved 26 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "NFAI acquires handwritten script of Pu La Deshpande's 1953 film 'Gulacha Ganpati'". The Indian Express. 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  10. ^ a b "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  11. ^ "P.L.Deshpande Maharashtra Kala Academy, Ravindra Natya Mandir, Prabhadevi, Mumbai". pldkalaacademy.org. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  12. ^ Madaan, Neha (27 July 2011). "Pune: 19,000 addicts on the road to recovery". The Times of India – Pune. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "Pulastya – IUCAA's Children's Science Centre". SciPop IUCAA. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "P L Deshpande as a philanthropist". Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar
Marathi Sahitya Sammelan – President
1974 Ichalkaranji
Succeeded by
Durga Bhagwat