P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja

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P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja
PS Kumaraswamy Raja 1999 stamp of India.jpg
Kumaraswamy Raja on a 1999 stamp of India
14th Chief Minister of Madras Presidency
In office
6 April 1949 – 26 January 1950
GovernorKrishna Kumarasingh Bhavasingh
Preceded byO. P. Ramaswamy Reddiyar
Succeeded byP. S. Kumaraswamy Raja
1st Chief Minister of Madras
In office
26 January 1950 – 10 April 1952
GovernorKrishna Kumarasingh Bhavasingh
Preceded byP. S. Kumaraswamy Raja
Succeeded byC. Rajagopalachari
Governor of Orissa
In office
1954–1956
Preceded bySaiyid Fazl Ali
Succeeded byBhim Sen Sachar
Personal details
Born(1898-07-08)8 July 1898
Rajapalayam, Madras Presidency, British India
Died16 March 1957(1957-03-16) (aged 58)
Madras, Madras State, India
NationalityIndian
Political partyIndian National Congress

Poosapati Sanjeevi Kumarswamy Raja (8 July 1898 – 16 March 1957) was an Indian politician and the Chief Minister of Madras Presidency from 6 April 1949 to 10 April 1952 [1] and former Governor of Orissa between 1954 till 1956. He was born in Rajapalayam in Tamil Nadu.

Early life[edit]

Raja was born on 8 July 1898[2] in Rajapalayam to Poosapati Sanjeevi Raja. His mother died when he was eight days old and his father when he was three. Raja had no brothers and sisters and was brought up by his grandmother.[3] After schooling, Raja was connected with the Indian National Congress organisation at its every level. He took a prominent part in Panchayat organisations, local Board administration. He served as the President of Rajapalayam Union, the Panchayat court, the District Board of Ramnathapuram and the District educational Council among others.

Political and social work[edit]

The lives and writings of Annie Besant and Satyamurthy had great influence on his mind and character in his formative years. It was in 1919 that he met Mahatma Gandhi for the first time and started following with great interest the events in Gandhi's life. Gandhi's epic struggle in South Africa, the founding of the Ashram in Ahmedabad and the Champaran struggle made a profound impression on him and the utter simplicity of Mahatma's life also evoked his unbounded admiration.

In 1932, he was arrested for disobeying the unjust laws. Thus Rajapalayam gained a distinct place in political map, the credit went to Raja's lead. In 1934, Raja won central legislature for constituency comprising Tirunelveli, Madurai & Ramanathapuram. At the age of 39, he entered the Assembly as M.L.A in C. Rajagopalachari ministry successfully contesting the 1937 election.

He was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (Madras Presidency) from 1949 to 1950 and Governor of Orissa from 1954 to 1956.

In all the years of his life, most of Raja's wealth was spent in helping the poor and in serving public causes, particularly for the Congress movement. He was much interested in co-operative movement also. He founded Bhupathi Raju Cop-operative Credit Bank, an urban bank for the benefit of local people especially farmers named after his friend, Bhupathi Raju of Andhra Pradesh, who accompanied him in prison during freedom movement. He constructed the monument Congress Ponvizha Grounds in Rajapalayam commomerating the Jallianwala Bagh massacre during the freedom struggle.

Raja's life was one of noble activity, dedication and selfless service for the people of the country. He was a staunch proponent of the concept of "Separation of the Judiciary from the Executive". Prohibition, promotion of Khādī and Temple entry legislation were his other notable achievements. He donated his house for starting an institution of culture called "Gandhi Kalai Mandram". Rajapalayam became a great industrial centre mainly due to his drive and interest.

It was said that Raja studied in Srivilliputtur G.S Hindu higher secondary school and thus he chose his temple as the symbol of Tamil Nadu emblem'. And his successor Rajagopalachari might not have minded that the shrine of Andal was now the Madras government's symbol.

Raja died on 16 March 1957 in Madras, upon not recovering from an illness following his return from a visit to his ancestral village in Andhra Pradesh.[4]

Commemoration[edit]

Raja has been commemorated on an Indian Postal Service stamp.[5] P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja centenary marriage hall was opened in 1998 by then chief minister to commemorate his centenary birthday celebrations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chief Ministers of Tamil Nadu since 1920. Government of Tamil Nadu
  2. ^ "DMK-MDMK marriage put on hold". Rediff.com. 15 July 1998. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  3. ^ "Gandhiji remembered". The Hindu. 12 February 2007. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  4. ^ "P. S. Kumaraswamy Raja Passes Away". The Indian Express. 16 March 1957. p. 1. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
  5. ^ Biswajit Roy. "Latest Releases". Pib.nic.in. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
Preceded by
O. P. Ramaswamy Reddiyar
Chief Minister of Madras Presidency
6 April 1949 – 26 January 1950
Succeeded by
Post Abolished
Preceded by
Post created
Chief Minister of Madras State
26 January 1950 – 10 April 1952
Succeeded by
C. Rajagopalachari