Neutrophil cytosolic factor 4

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NCF4
Protein NCF4 PDB 1h6h.png
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
Aliases NCF4, NCF, P40PHOX, SH3PXD4, Neutrophil cytosolic factor 4, CGD3
External IDs MGI: 109186 HomoloGene: 525 GeneCards: NCF4
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE NCF4 207677 s at fs.png

PBB GE NCF4 205147 x at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_000631
NM_013416

NM_008677

RefSeq (protein)

NP_000622
NP_038202

NP_032703.2
NP_032703

Location (UCSC) Chr 22: 36.86 – 36.88 Mb Chr 15: 78.24 – 78.26 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Neutrophil cytosol factor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NCF4 gene.[3][4]

Function[edit]

The protein encoded by this gene is a cytosolic regulatory component of the superoxide-producing phagocyte NADPH-oxidase, a multicomponent enzyme system important for host defense. This protein is preferentially expressed in cells of myeloid lineage. It interacts primarily with neutrophil cytosolic factor 2 (NCF2/p67-phox) to form a complex with neutrophil cytosolic factor 1 (NCF1/p47-phox), which further interacts with the small G protein RAC1 and translocates to the membrane upon cell stimulation. This complex then activates flavocytochrome b, the membrane-integrated catalytic core of the enzyme system. The PX domain of this protein can bind phospholipid products of the PI(3) kinase, which suggests its role in PI(3) kinase-mediated signaling events. The phosphorylation of this protein was found to negatively regulate the enzyme activity. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed.

Clinical significance[edit]

GWAS studies showed that Crohn`s disease patient with certain SNPs in NCF4 are more susceptible to get Crohn`s disease.[5] Crohn`s patient with rs4821544 variants showed a decreased Reactive oxygen species after stimulation with GM-CSF which is a proinflammtory cytokine[6]

Interactions[edit]

Neutrophil cytosolic factor 4 has been shown to interact with Ku70,[7] Neutrophil cytosolic factor 1[8][9][10] and Moesin.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  2. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  3. ^ Zhan S, Vazquez N, Zhan S, Wientjes FB, Budarf ML, Schrock E, Ried T, Green ED, Chanock SJ (Nov 1996). "Genomic structure, chromosomal localization, start of transcription, and tissue expression of the human p40-phox, a new component of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase complex". Blood. 88 (7): 2714–21. PMID 8839867. 
  4. ^ "Entrez Gene: NCF4 neutrophil cytosolic factor 4, 40kDa". 
  5. ^ Muise AM, Xu W, Guo CH, Walters TD, Wolters VM, Fattouh R, Lam GY, Hu P, Murchie R, Sherlock M, Gana JC, Russell RK, Glogauer M, Duerr RH, Cho JH, Lees CW, Satsangi J, Wilson DC, Paterson AD, Griffiths AM, Silverberg MS, Brumell JH (2012). "NADPH oxidase complex and IBD candidate gene studies: identification of a rare variant in NCF2 that results in reduced binding to RAC2". Gut. 61 (7): 1028–35. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2011-300078. PMC 3806486Freely accessible. PMID 21900546. 
  6. ^ Somasundaram R, Deuring JJ, van der Woude CJ, Peppelenbosch MP, Fuhler GM (2012). "Linking risk conferring mutations in NCF4 to functional consequences in Crohn's disease". Gut. 61 (7): 1097; author reply 1097–8. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2011-301344. PMID 22027479. 
  7. ^ Grandvaux N, Grizot S, Vignais PV, Dagher MC (Feb 1999). "The Ku70 autoantigen interacts with p40phox in B lymphocytes". J. Cell. Sci. 112 ( Pt 4) (4): 503–13. PMID 9914162. 
  8. ^ Lapouge K, Smith SJ, Groemping Y, Rittinger K (Mar 2002). "Architecture of the p40-p47-p67phox complex in the resting state of the NADPH oxidase. A central role for p67phox". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (12): 10121–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.M112065200. PMID 11796733. 
  9. ^ Grizot S, Grandvaux N, Fieschi F, Fauré J, Massenet C, Andrieu JP, Fuchs A, Vignais PV, Timmins PA, Dagher MC, Pebay-Peyroula E (Mar 2001). "Small angle neutron scattering and gel filtration analyses of neutrophil NADPH oxidase cytosolic factors highlight the role of the C-terminal end of p47phox in the association with p40phox". Biochemistry. 40 (10): 3127–33. doi:10.1021/bi0028439. PMID 11258927. 
  10. ^ Sathyamoorthy M, de Mendez I, Adams AG, Leto TL (Apr 1997). "p40(phox) down-regulates NADPH oxidase activity through interactions with its SH3 domain". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (14): 9141–6. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.14.9141. PMID 9083043. 
  11. ^ Wientjes FB, Reeves EP, Soskic V, Furthmayr H, Segal AW (Nov 2001). "The NADPH oxidase components p47(phox) and p40(phox) bind to moesin through their PX domain". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 289 (2): 382–8. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2001.5982. PMID 11716484. 

Further reading[edit]