Portal:Barack Obama

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A signature in black. The letters "B" and an "O" are clearly legible.

The Barack Obama Portal

A portrait shot of a serious looking middle-aged African-American male looking straight ahead. He has short black hair, and is wearing a dark navy blazer with a blue striped tie over a light blue collared shirt. In the background are two flags hanging from separate flagpoles: an American flag, and one from the Executive Office of the President.

Barack Hussein Obama II (US Listeni/bəˈrɑːk hˈsn ˈbɑːmə/; born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he served as president of the Harvard Law Review. He was a community organizer in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney and taught constitutional law at University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. He served three terms representing the 13th District in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, running unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in 2000.

In 2004, Obama received national attention during his campaign to represent Illinois in the United States Senate with his victory in the March Democratic Party primary, his keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in July, and his election to the Senate in November. He began his presidential campaign in 2007 and, after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton in 2008, he won sufficient delegates in the Democratic Party primaries to receive the presidential nomination. He then defeated Republican nominee John McCain in the general election, and was inaugurated as president on January 20, 2009. Nine months after his inauguration, Obama was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate.

During his first two years in office, Obama signed into law economic stimulus legislation in response to the Great Recession in the form of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010. Other major domestic initiatives in his first term included the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, often referred to as "Obamacare"; the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; and the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010. In foreign policy, Obama ended U.S. military involvement in the Iraq War, increased U.S. troop levels in Afghanistan, signed the New START arms control treaty with Russia, ordered U.S. military involvement in Libya in opposition to Muammar Gaddafi, and ordered the military operation that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden. In January 2011, the Republicans regained control of the House of Representatives as the Democratic Party lost a total of 63 seats; and, after a lengthy debate over federal spending and whether or not to raise the nation's debt limit, Obama signed the Budget Control Act of 2011 and the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012.

Obama was reelected president in November 2012, defeating Republican nominee Mitt Romney, and was sworn in for a second term on January 20, 2013. During his second term, Obama has promoted domestic policies related to gun control in response to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, and has called for greater inclusiveness for LGBT Americans, while his administration has filed briefs which urged the Supreme Court to strike down the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 and California's Proposition 8 as unconstitutional. In foreign policy, Obama ordered U.S. military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by the Islamic State after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan, and normalized U.S. relations with Cuba.

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The Barack Obama "Hope" poster is an image of Barack Obama designed by artist Shepard Fairey, which was widely described as iconic and became synonymous with the 2008 Obama presidential campaign. It consists of a stylized stencil portrait of Obama in solid red, white (actually beige) and (pastel and dark) blue, with the word "progress", "hope", or "change" below (and other things in some versions).

The design was created in one day and printed first as a poster. Fairey sold 350 of the posters on the street immediately after printing them. It was then more widely distributed—both as a digital image and other paraphernalia—during the 2008 election season, initially independently but with the approval of the official Obama campaign. The image became one of the most widely recognized symbols of Obama's campaign message, spawning many variations and imitations, including some commissioned by the Obama campaign. This led The Guardian's Laura Barton to proclaim that the image "acquired the kind of instant recognition of Jim Fitzpatrick's Che Guevara poster, and is surely set to grace T-shirts, coffee mugs and the walls of student bedrooms in the years to come."

In January 2009, after Obama had won the election, Fairey's mixed-media stenciled portrait version of the image was acquired by the Smithsonian Institution for its National Portrait Gallery. Later in January 2009, the photograph on which Fairey based the poster was revealed: an April 2006 shot by former Associated Press freelance photographer Mannie Garcia. In response to claims by the Associated Press for compensation, Fairey sued for a declaratory judgment that his poster was a fair use of the original photograph.

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On the left side of a patterned sofa, a man with gray hair, wearing a blue blazer and blue jeans is holding a green folder, while on the right side, a man with short dark hair in a black suit and red tie laughs.

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Barack Obama stands to the left of another man, both in dark suits, Obama holding his award.
Credit: Samantha Appleton
Thorbjorn Jagland and Barack Obama during the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize ceremony in Oslo City Hall on December 10, 2009.

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Presidency: Timeline (2009)Timeline (2010)First 100 daysForeign policyPolitical positionsPublic imageJudicial appointmentsPresidential transitionCabinet confirmationsSupreme Court candidatesSpeech to Congress (2009)InaugurationUnofficial inauguration eventsWe Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln MemorialBarack Obama Presidential Library and Museum

2008 campaign: 2008 presidential election2008 presidential election timeline2008 Campaign endorsements2008 presidential primary campaignVictory speech (2008)Jeremiah Wright controversyBill Ayers controversyEndorsement by Oprah WinfreyRepublican and conservative supportNewspaper endorsementsInauguration invitations2008 Democratic National Convention • "A More Perfect Union" • 2008 campaign staff membersEndorsements from state, local and territory officialsResults of the 2008 Democratic Party presidential primariesOpinion polling for 2008 electionComparison of candidatesCongressional endorsementsInternational reactionOpinion polling for 2008 Democratic Party candidatesSouth Carolina Democratic primary, 2008United States presidential election in Iowa, 2008

Career: Electoral history of Barack ObamaEarly life and careerU.S. Senate careerIllinois Senate careerIllinois Senate electionsBills sponsored in U.S. Senate2004 Democratic National Convention keynote addressUnited States Senate election in Illinois, 2004Illinois's 1st congressional district election, 2000

Family: Michelle ObamaMarian Shields RobinsonBoAnn DunhamBarack Obama, Sr.Lolo SoetoroMadelyn DunhamMaya Soetoro-NgStanley Armour DunhamZeituni OnyangoCraig RobinsonCapers Funnye

Books and Other Publications: The Audacity of HopeDreams from My FatherThe Speech: Race and Barack Obama's "A More Perfect Union"Barack Obama – Der schwarze KennedyThe Obama NationThe Case Against Barack ObamaUnited States Health Care Reform: Progress to Date and Next Steps

Miscellaneous: List of places named after Barack ObamaBarack Obama AcademyCaloplaca obamaeObama DayBarack Obama "Hope" posterObama logoBarack Obama (comic character)Barack Obama assassination plot in DenverBarack Obama assassination plot in Tennessee • "There's No One as Irish as Barack O'Bama" • "Yes We Can[disambiguation needed]" • Nyang’oma KogeloBarack Obama citizenship conspiracy theories

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