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is one of Germany the world's most industrialised countries, located in the center of Europe. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea, to the south by Austria and Switzerland, to the west by France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, and to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic.
Germany is a democratic federal parliamentary republic, containing 16 federal
states ( Bundesländer), which in certain spheres act independently of the Federation or "Bund".
Germany is a
developed country with a very high standard of living, and it maintains a comprehensive social security, a universal health care system and diverse environmental protection laws. It is a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors.
The Federal Republic of Germany is a member state of the
United Nations, NATO, the G8 nations, and a founding member of the European Union. More...
Hermann Philipp Detzner
(16 October 1882 – 1 December 1970) was an officer in the German colonial security force (
German New Guinea
, as well as a surveyor, an engineer, an adventurer, and a writer.
In early 1914, the German government sent Detzner to explore and chart the interior of
Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, the imperial protectorate on the island of New Guinea. When World War I broke out in Europe, he was well into the interior, without radio contact. He refused to surrender to Australian troops when they occupied German New Guinea, concealing himself in the jungle with a band of approximately 20 soldiers. For four years, Detzner and his troops provocatively marched through the bush, singing "Watch on the Rhine" and flying the German Imperial flag. He led at least one expedition from the Huon Peninsula to the north coast, and a second by a mountain route, to attempt an escape to the neutral Dutch colony. He explored areas of the Guinean interior formerly unseen by Europeans and surrendered in full dress uniform, flying the Imperial flag, to Australian forces in January 1919.
Detzner received a hero's welcome when he returned to Germany.
Anniversaries for February 28
Did you know ...
..: that in
The Capture of the Hessians at Trenton, December 26, 1776 (pictured), the artist wanted to show the compassion of General George Washington? ... that the new
, the third church Propsteikirche St. Trinitatis in Leipzig, is the largest church built in East Germany since unification? ... that
published the "love talks" she exchanged with her husband when he was a soldier in World War II, and wrote the lyrics for many hymns in the Maria Luise Thurmair ? Gotteslob ... that "
" is the only hymn by Ich hab in Gottes Herz und Sinn Paul Gerhardt which Bach set to music as a chorale cantata? ... that the anthropologist
, who made field trips to villages in Ingeborg Weber-Kellermann Slavonia, Transylvania, and Turkey, met Jews after they were liberated from Theresienstadt? ... that
Michael Praetorius published , a collection of 104 pieces of Missodia Sionia sacred music in Latin, including 14 settings of Amen and a mass for eight voices? ... that
Zoologia physica, a scientific handbook about animals by from the Johann Sperling University of Wittenberg, was published in 1661 after his death? ... that
conducted Schönberg's Dirk Kaftan , recorded Gurre-Lieder with the Jenůfa Graz Opera, and led Bruckner's Fourth Symphony in seven concerts of the Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie?
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Requests: Jordan & Timaeus Petra Krause (de), Dirk Müller (de), Wilson Gonzalez Ochsenknecht (de), Hans-Jürgen Quadbeck-Seeger (de), German Archaeological Institute at Rome (de), Hans Sauer (de)
Copyedit: Bruno Taut, Christian Ernest of Stolberg-Wernigerode, Curt Cress, Detlef Schuppan, Erhard Milch, Goetheplatz (Munich U-Bahn), Greek frigate Hydra (F-452), History of Saxony-Anhalt, Jack Nasher, Jeppe Hein, Julius Lothar Meyer, Julius Mayr, Karl May, Nanny Lambrecht
add sources to Unreferenced: Fort Breendonk, Unreferenced BLPs, Argengau, Bundesautobahn 93, Benjamin Trinks, High German languages, 1954 FIFA World Cup Final
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NPOV: Anti-German sentiment, German Visa Affair 2005, 1939 German expedition to Tibet
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