Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Arnos Grove stn building.JPG
Arnos Grove is a London Underground station on the Piccadilly line. The station opened in 1932 as part of the first section of the northern extension of the Piccadilly line from Finsbury Park to Cockfosters.

Like the other stations Charles Holden designed for the extension, Arnos Grove was built in a modern European style using brick, glass and reinforced concrete and basic geometric shapes. A circular drum-like ticket hall of brick and glass panels rises from a low single storey structure and is capped by a flat concrete roof. The design was inspired by Gunnar Asplund's design of the Stockholm City Library.

The centre of the ticket hall is occupied by a disused ticket office (a passimeter in London Underground parlance) which houses an exhibition on the station and the line. Like Holden's other stations on the extension, Arnos Grove is a Grade II listed building. The building features as one of the 12 "Great Modern Buildings" profiled in The Guardian during October 2007 and was summarised by architectural critic Jonathan Glancey as "...truly what German art historians would describe as a gesamtkunstwerk, a total and entire work of art."

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Edward William Watkin, Vanity Fair, 1875-11-06.jpg
Sir Edward William Watkin, 1st Baronet (26 September 1819 - 13 April 1901) was chairman or a director of many British railways including the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the South Eastern Railway (SER) and the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR). He was intermittently a member of parliament, representing Hythe from 1874 to 1895.

Through his leadership of the MR, SER and MS&LR, Watkin had the amibtion to construct a new mainline railway connecting the north of England, via London and Kent to the continent. Although his plans for a channel tunnel to be constructed by his Anglo-French Submarine Railway were never realised, the MS&LR constructed its London extension in the 1890s from Annesley, Nottinghamshire to the MR's station at Quainton Road in Buckinghamshire to a continental loading gauge. Reflecting its enhanced connections the MS&LR changed its name to the Great Central Railway in 1987.

To encourage tourist day-trips on the MR, Watkin planned a pleasure grounds at Wembley Park, with a large tower, "Watkin's Tower", intended to be larger than the Eiffel Tower. The park opened in 1896, but because of cost and structural problems, the tower was never completed and was demolished after Watkin's death. The site was subsequently used for Wembley Stadium.

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Unit 378146 near Hoxton.jpg
London Overground Class 378 train on the newly opened East London Line extension in Hoxton.

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  • ...that at 44 tons, the locomotives of the Central London Railway's first underground trains were so heavy that they shook buildings as they passed 60 feet below and were scrapped after three years?

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1910 London to Manchester air raceAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAlbert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBattersea BridgeBrill TramwayBrill railway stationCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayChelsea BridgeCity and South London RailwayGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayHerne Hill railway stationCharles HoldenLondon Necropolis CompanyMetropolitan RailwayRAF NortholtFrank PickQuainton Road railway stationRichmond Bridge, LondonEdgar SpeyerUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonVauxhall BridgeWaddesdon Road railway stationWandsworth BridgeWestcott railway stationWood Siding railway stationWotton (Metropolitan Railway) railway station

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List of former and unopened London Underground stationsList of London Underground stationsList of works by Charles HoldenTimeline of the London Underground

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Brill TramwayUnderground Electric Railways Company of London

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A1 in LondonA215 roadActon Town tube stationAngel tube stationArnos Grove tube stationWilliam Henry BarlowBlackwall TunnelBOAC Flight 712Bow Back RiversInfrastructure of the Brill TramwayBritish AirwaysChesham branchChiswick BridgeDenmark StreetDistrict RailwayDown Street tube stationEmbankment tube stationEurostarEuston tube stationSir John Fowler, 1st BaronetGloucester Road tube stationHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHigh Speed 1History of British AirwaysHolborn tube stationLondon Country North EastLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Underground departmental stockM11 link road protestMorden tube stationPark LaneCharles PearsonSouth Kensington tube stationTillingbourne Bus CompanyUpminster Bridge tube stationWestminster tube stationWimbledon and Sutton RailwayWoolwich Ferry


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