THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL
London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.
Most transport services in London are controlled by
Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.
London has a comprehensive rail network with several major
railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.
London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The
M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.
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Edward Johnston, CBE (11 February 1872 – 26 November 1944) was a British craftsman who is regarded, with Rudolf Koch, as the father of modern calligraphy, in the form of the broad edged pen as a writing tool, a particular form of calligraphy. He was born in San José, Uruguay. Johnston started teaching at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London's Southampton Row, where he influenced the typeface designer and sculptor Eric Gill. Then he moved on to the Royal College of Art and many students were inspired by his teachings. In 1912 Johnston followed Gill to Ditchling where he died in 1944.
He is most famous for designing the
sans-serif Johnston typeface that was used throughout the London Underground system until it was re-designed in the 1980s, as well as the famous roundel symbol used throughout the system.
He has also been credited for reviving the art of modern
penmanship and lettering single-handedly through his books and teachings. Johnston also devised the simply crafted round calligraphic handwriting style, written with a broad pen, known as the foundational hand. In 1921, students of Johnston founded the Society of Scribes & Illuminators (SSI), probably the world's foremost calligraphy society.
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Featured articles (29)
1910 London to Manchester air race • Albert Bridge, London • Aldwych tube station • Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield • Baker Street and Waterloo Railway • Battersea Bridge • Brill Tramway • Brill railway station • Central London Railway • Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway • Chelsea Bridge • City and South London Railway • Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway • Herne Hill railway station • Charles Holden • London Necropolis Company • Metropolitan Railway • RAF Northolt • Frank Pick • Quainton Road railway station • Richmond Bridge, London • Edgar Speyer • Underground Electric Railways Company of London • Vauxhall Bridge • Waddesdon Road railway station • Wandsworth Bridge • Westcott railway station • Wood Siding railway station • Wotton (Metropolitan Railway) railway station
Featured lists (5)
List of former and unopened London Underground stations • List of London Underground stations • List of London Monopoly locations • List of works by Charles Holden • Timeline of the London Underground
Featured topics (2)
Brill Tramway • Underground Electric Railways Company of London
Good articles (70)
A1 in London • A215 road • Acton Town tube station • Angel tube station • Arnos Grove tube station • William Henry Barlow • Blackwall Tunnel • BOAC Flight 712 • Bond Street • Bow Back Rivers • Bow Street • Infrastructure of the Brill Tramway • British Airways • Chesham branch • Chiswick Bridge • Coventry Street • Dartford Crossing • Denmark Street • District Railway • Down Street tube station • East Finchley tube station • Elephant & Castle tube station • Embankment tube station • Eurostar • Euston Road • Euston tube station • Fenchurch Street railway station • Fleet Street • Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet • Gloucester Road tube station • Great Marlborough Street • Hammersmith & City line • Hammerton's Ferry • High Speed 1 • Highgate tube station • History of British Airways • Holborn tube station • Leicester Square • Liverpool Street station • London Country North East • London King's Cross railway station • London Necropolis Railway • London Necropolis railway station • London Underground departmental stock • M11 link road protest • Marylebone station • Morden tube station • North Circular Road • Northumberland Avenue • Old Kent Road • Oxford Circus tube station • Oxford Street • Pall Mall, London • Park Lane • Charles Pearson • Pentonville Road • Piccadilly • Regent Street • South Circular Road, London • South Kensington tube station • Strand, London • Tillingbourne Bus Company • Trafalgar Square • Upminster Bridge tube station • Vine Street, London • Westminster tube station • Whitechapel Road • Whitehall • Wimbledon and Sutton Railway • Woolwich Ferry
Transport in London