The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). From the early 18th century to the middle of the 20th century, it was the largest and most powerful navy in the world, playing a key part in establishing the British Empire as the dominant power of the 19th and early 20th centuries. In World War II, the Royal Navy operated almost 600 ships. During the Cold War, it was transformed into a primarily anti-submarine force, hunting for Soviet submarines, mostly active in the North Atlantic Ocean. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, its role for the 21st century has returned to focus on global expeditionary (blue water) operations.
The Royal Navy is a constituent component of Her Majesty's Naval Service, which also comprises the Royal Marines, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and associated reserve forces under command. The Naval Service had 38,710 regular personnel as of November 2006.
As a result of the battle, the Ottomans and Egyptians were effectively unable to continue the war at sea. Ultimately, this caused the main Egyptian army returned to Egypt in the latter part of 1828, leaving only a drastically weakened Ottoman force to hold positions in the Morea.
HMS Victory is a 104-gun ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built between 1759 and 1765. She was constructed at Chatham Dockyard, and was something of an unusual occurrence at the time; during the whole of the 18th century only ten first-rates were constructed. The Royal Navy preferred smaller and more manoeuvrable ships and it was unusual for more than two first-rates to be in commission simultaneously. Victory was Horatio Nelson's flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar. In 1812, her active career ended, and over the next century, she served as a depot ship and signals school before restoration work began in 1922. She opened as a museum in 1928, although conservation and restoration work is still ongoing. Currently, Victory sits in dry dock in Portsmouth as a museum ship. She is the oldest naval ship still in commission and the only remaining ship of the line except for the Regalskeppet Vasa.