Portal:Royal Navy

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The Royal Navy Portal

The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). From the early 18th century to the middle of the 20th century, it was the largest and most powerful navy in the world, playing a key part in establishing the British Empire as the dominant power of the 19th and early 20th centuries. In WWII, the Royal Navy operated almost 600 ships. During the Cold War, it was transformed into a primarily anti-submarine force, hunting for Soviet submarines, mostly active in the North Atlantic Ocean. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, its role for the 21st century has returned to focus on global expeditionary (blue water) operations.

The Royal Navy is the second-largest navy in NATO in terms of the combined tonnage of its fleet. Its global power projection capabilities are deemed second only to the United States Navy. There are currently 91 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy, including aircraft carriers, submarines, mine counter-measures and patrol vessels. There are also the support vessels of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.

The Royal Navy is a constituent component of the Naval Service, which also comprises the Royal Marines, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and associated reserve forces under command. The Naval Service had 38,710 regular personnel as of November 2006.

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Selected battle

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The Battle of Cape Matapan was a World War II naval battle fought off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece from March 27 to March 29, 1941. A combined force of British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy ships under the command of the British Admiral Andrew Cunningham intercepted and sank or severely damaged those of the Italian Regia Marina, under Admiral Angelo Iachino. As a result, Italian naval activity in the eastern Mediterranean was halted, and activity elsewhere was severely limited.

The battle, or at least its opening actions, is also known as the Battle of Gaudo in Italy.


Selected ship

HMS Cardiff (D108) 1.jpg

HMS Cardiff (D108) is a Type 42 destroyer, the third ship of the Royal Navy to be named in honour of the Welsh capital city of Cardiff. She was built by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd in Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria and launched on 22 February 1974. In the Falklands War, Cardiff accepted the surrender of the Argentine garrison at Port Howard and shot down the last enemy aircraft of the conflict. During the Gulf War, Cardiffs Lynx helicopter sank two Iraqi minesweepers. Later, she participated in the build up to the Iraq War by thwarting smuggling operations as part of the "Armilla Patrol". The Royal Navy's first female chaplain also served onboard. Cardiff was decommissioned in July 2005, having earned two battle honours for service in the Falklands and Gulf wars. She is currently awaiting a decision as to her fate in Portsmouth Harbour.

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Selected picture

HMS Monmouth and Foudroyant 1758.jpg

The capture of the Foudroyant by HMS Monmouth, 28 February 1758.

Painting by Francis Swaine


Selected biography

Admiral of the Fleet John Arbuthnot "Jackie" Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher of Kilverstone, GCB, OM, GCVO (25 January 1841 – 10 July 1920) was a British admiral known for his efforts at naval reform. He had a huge influence on the Royal Navy in a career spanning more than 60 years, starting in a navy of wooden sailing ships armed with muzzle-loading cannon and ending in one of battlecruisers, submarines and the first aircraft carriers. The argumentative, energetic, reform-minded Fisher is often considered the second most important figure of British naval history, after Lord Nelson.

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Major topics

Royal Navy
Major engagements Notable personnel Notable ships Equipment & Technology See also

War of the Grand Alliance
Battles of Barfleur and La Hogue

War of the Spanish Succession
Battle of Vigo Bay

War of the Austrian Succession
First Battle of Cape Finisterre
Second battle of Cape Finisterre
Battle of Havana

Seven Years War
Battle of Quiberon Bay
Battle of Lagos
Battle of Restigouche

American war of Independence
Battle of the Chesapeake
Battle of St. Kitts
Battle of the Saintes
First Ushant
Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780)
Battle of Dogger Bank (1781)
Second Ushant
Battle of Cape Spartel

French Revolutionry War
Glorious First of June
Battle of Genoa
Battle of Groix
Battle of Cape St Vincent
Battle of Camperdown
Battle of the Nile
Battle of Tory Island

War of the Second Coalition
First Battle of Copenhagen
Battle of Algeciras Bay

Napoleonic Wars
Battle of Cape Santa Maria
Battle of Cape Finisterre
Battle of Trafalgar
Battle of Cape Ortegal
Battle of San Domingo
Battle of Zealand Point
Battle of Lissa

Barbary Wars
Bombardment of Algiers

Greek War of Independence
Battle of Navarino

World War I
Battle of Heligoland Bight
Battle of the Falkland Islands
Battle of Dogger Bank
Battle of Coronel
Battle of Jutland

World War II
Battle of the Atlantic
Battle of the Mediterranean
Battle of the Malacca Strait
Battle of Normandy

1945-Present
Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation
Battle of Goose Green
Operation Telic
Not all battles included

Seven Years War
Edward Hawke
Edward Boscawen

American war of Independence
George Rodney
Samuel Hood
Richard Howe
Thomas Graves

French Revolutionry War
Adam Duncan
John Jervis

Napoleonic Wars
Horatio Nelson
Cuthbert Collingwood
James Saumarez
Thomas Cochrane
Robert Calder
Edward Codrington
Edward Pellew

World War I
David Beatty
John Jellicoe
Jackie Fisher
Roger Keyes
Doveton Sturdee

World War II
James Fownes Somerville
Andrew Cunningham
Bruce Fraser

pre - 1800
Mary Rose
HMS Golden Hind
HMS Revenge
HMS Victory

1800-1900
HMS Beagle
HMS Warrior

1900 - 1945
HMS Dreadnought
HMS Hood
HMS Royal Oak

1945 -
HMS Conqueror
HMS Daring

Customs and traditions of the Royal Navy
List of famous ships and sailors of the Royal Navy
Rating system of the Royal Navy
Naval tactics in the Age of Sail


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