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Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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The Brill Tramway was a six-mile (10 km) rail line in the Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire, England. It was privately built in 1871 by the 3rd Duke of Buckingham as a horse tram line to serve his estate around Wotton House and connect to the national rail network. In 1872 it was extended to Brill and converted to passenger use in early 1872. Two locomotives were bought but the line had been built for horses and trains travelled at average 4 miles per hour (6.4 km/h).

The line was upgraded in 1894 and rebuilt in 1910 by the Metropolitan Railway which introduced more advanced locomotives, allowing trains to run faster. The population of the area remained low, and the primary income remained goods to and from farms. Between 1899 and 1910 other lines were built in the area, providing more direct services to London and the north of England. The Brill Tramway went into financial decline.

In 1933 the Metropolitan Railway became part of London Transport. The Brill Tramway became part of the London Underground, despite being 40 miles (65 km) from London and not being underground. Seeing little possibility that the line could become a viable passenger route, London Transport closed the Brill Tramway in 1935. Little trace remains other than the former junction station at Quainton Road, now the Buckinghamshire Railway Centre.


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Charles Henry Holden (12 May 1875–1 May 1960) was an English architect best known for his designs of some of the 1920s and 1930s stations on the London Underground, but who was already a distinguished architect before then, notably for his Imperial War Graves Commission cemeteries in Belgium and northern France.

Among his early architectural works at the beginning of the 20th century were Bristol Central Library and British Medical Association building in Strand. From the 1920s to the 1940s Holden was architect for numerous projects for the Underground Electric Railways Company of London and later London Transport. The earliest of Holden's commissions included stations on the southward extension of the Northern line to Morden in 1925-6 and a new company headquarters in 1927-9. The 1930-3 Piccadilly line extensions gave Holden the chance to develop a new type of station. Aiming for a striking and inviting modern appearance, he produced a set of designs based on simple, geometric forms built of brick and concrete. A number of these stations are listed buildings.

Many of Holden's later designs for Underground stations went unrealised or were scaled back because of World War II with only East Finchley representative of a series of stations planned for the cancelled extension of the Northern line to Bushey Heath and with stations on the Central line's extension into east London being scaled back by post-war austerity. Modestly believing that architecture was a joint effort, Holden twice declined the offer of a Knighthood.


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Qantas Boeing 747-400 about to land at Heathrow Airport, seen beyond the roofs of Myrtle Avenue, Hounslow.

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1910 London to Manchester air raceAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAlbert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBattersea BridgeBrill TramwayBrill railway stationCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayChelsea BridgeCity and South London RailwayGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayHerne Hill railway stationCharles HoldenLondon Necropolis CompanyMetropolitan RailwayRAF NortholtFrank PickQuainton Road railway stationRichmond Bridge, LondonEdgar SpeyerUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonVauxhall BridgeWaddesdon Road railway stationWandsworth BridgeWestcott railway stationWood Siding railway stationWotton (Metropolitan Railway) railway station

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List of former and unopened London Underground stationsList of London Underground stationsList of London Monopoly locationsList of works by Charles HoldenTimeline of the London Underground

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Brill TramwayUnderground Electric Railways Company of London

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A1 in LondonA215 roadActon Town tube stationAngel tube stationArnos Grove tube stationWilliam Henry BarlowBlackwall TunnelBOAC Flight 712Bond StreetBow Back RiversBow StreetInfrastructure of the Brill TramwayBritish AirwaysChesham branchChiswick BridgeCoventry StreetDartford CrossingDenmark StreetDistrict RailwayDown Street tube stationEast Finchley tube stationElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEurostarEuston RoadEuston tube stationFenchurch Street railway stationFleet StreetSir John Fowler, 1st BaronetGloucester Road tube stationGreat Marlborough StreetHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHigh Speed 1Highgate tube stationHistory of British AirwaysHolborn tube stationLeicester SquareLiverpool Street stationLondon Country North EastLondon King's Cross railway stationLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Underground departmental stockM11 link road protestMarylebone stationMorden tube stationNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueOld Kent RoadOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetPall Mall, LondonPark LaneCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPiccadillyRegent StreetSouth Circular Road, LondonSouth Kensington tube stationStrand, LondonTillingbourne Bus CompanyTrafalgar SquareUpminster Bridge tube stationVine Street, LondonWestminster tube stationWhitechapel RoadWhitehallWimbledon and Sutton RailwayWoolwich Ferry


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