Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Central London Railway locomotive.png
The Central London Railway (CLR), also known as the Twopenny Tube, was a deep-level, underground "tube" railway that opened in London in 1900. Today, the CLR's tunnels and stations form the central section of the London Underground's Central line.

The railway company was established in 1889, funding for construction was obtained in 1895 through a syndicate of financiers and work took place from 1896 to 1900. When opened, the CLR served 13 stations and ran completely underground in a pair of tunnels for 9.14 kilometres (5.68 mi) between its western terminus at Shepherd's Bush and its eastern terminus at the Bank of England, with a depot and power station to the north of the western terminus. After a rejected proposal to turn the line into a loop, it was extended at the western end to Wood Lane in 1908 and at the eastern end to Liverpool Street station in 1912. In 1920, it was extended along a Great Western Railway line to Ealing to serve a total distance of 17.57 kilometres (10.92 mi).

After initially making good returns for investors, the CLR suffered a decline in passenger numbers due to increased competition from other underground railway lines and new motorised buses. In 1913, it was taken over by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL), operator of the majority of London's underground railways. In 1933 the CLR was taken into public ownership along with the UERL.

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Sir Edward William Watkin, 1st Baronet (26 September 1819 - 13 April 1901) was chairman or a director of many British railways including the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the South Eastern Railway (SER) and the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR). He was intermittently a member of parliament, representing Hythe from 1874 to 1895.

Through his leadership of the MR, SER and MS&LR, Watkin had the amibtion to construct a new mainline railway connecting the north of England, via London and Kent to the continent. Although his plans for a channel tunnel to be constructed by his Anglo-French Submarine Railway were never realised, the MS&LR constructed its London extension in the 1890s from Annesley, Nottinghamshire to the MR's station at Quainton Road in Buckinghamshire to a continental loading gauge. Reflecting its enhanced connections the MS&LR changed its name to the Great Central Railway in 1987.

To encourage tourist day-trips on the MR, Watkin planned a pleasure grounds at Wembley Park, with a large tower, "Watkin's Tower", intended to be larger than the Eiffel Tower. The park opened in 1896, but because of cost and structural problems, the tower was never completed and was demolished after Watkin's death. The site was subsequently used for Wembley Stadium.

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The Circle routes of Victorian London.

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1910 London to Manchester air raceAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAlbert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBattersea BridgeBrill TramwayBrill railway stationCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayChelsea BridgeCity and South London RailwayGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayHerne Hill railway stationCharles HoldenLondon Necropolis CompanyMetropolitan RailwayRAF NortholtFrank PickQuainton Road railway stationRichmond Bridge, LondonEdgar SpeyerUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonVauxhall BridgeWaddesdon Road railway stationWandsworth BridgeWestcott railway stationWood Siding railway stationWotton (Metropolitan Railway) railway station

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List of former and unopened London Underground stationsList of London Underground stationsList of works by Charles HoldenTimeline of the London Underground

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Brill TramwayUnderground Electric Railways Company of London

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A1 in LondonA215 roadActon Town tube stationAngel tube stationArnos Grove tube stationWilliam Henry BarlowBlackwall TunnelBOAC Flight 712Bow Back RiversInfrastructure of the Brill TramwayBritish AirwaysChesham branchChiswick BridgeDartford CrossingDenmark StreetDistrict RailwayDown Street tube stationEast Finchley tube stationElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEurostarEuston RoadEuston tube stationFleet StreetSir John Fowler, 1st BaronetGloucester Road tube stationHammersmith & City lineHammerton's FerryHigh Speed 1Highgate tube stationHistory of British AirwaysHolborn tube stationLondon Country North EastLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Underground departmental stockM11 link road protestMorden tube stationNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueOld Kent RoadOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetPall Mall, LondonPark LaneCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPiccadillySouth Kensington tube stationStrand, LondonTillingbourne Bus CompanyUpminster Bridge tube stationVine Street, LondonWestminster tube stationWhitehallWimbledon and Sutton RailwayWoolwich Ferry


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