In rail transport, a train is a vehicle or (more frequently) a string of vehicles capable of being moved along a continuous line of rails or other guideway for the purpose of conveying freight or passengers between points on a predetermined route. The train may be hauled or propelled by one or more vehicles designed exclusively for that purpose (locomotives) or may be driven by a number of motors incorporated in all or several of the vehicles (multiple units).
The Saverne Tunnel (French: Tunnel de Saverne), also known as the Ernolsheim-lès-Saverne Tunnel (French: Tunnel d'Ernolsheim-lès-Saverne), is a twin-bore, high-speed railtunnel in western Bas-Rhin, France. It carries the LGV Est line of France's TGV high-speed rail network through the narrowest part of the Vosges mountain range, beneath Mont Saint-Michel and adjacent to the Saverne Pass. The tunnel consists of two bores, containing one railroad track each, that are connected by passageways every 500 metres (1,600 ft). The LGV Est crosses the 270 m (890 ft) Haspelbaechel viaduct near the western end of the tunnel. The tunnel was excavated by a tunnel boring machine between November 2011 and February 2013. Civil engineering work on the tunnel ended in April 2014 and it opened with the rest of the second phase of the LGV Est on 3 July 2016. The total cost of the tunnel was approximately €200 million.
December 30, 2015 – Construction begins on the Ningbo–Fenghua Intercity Railway in China. The 21.8-kilometre long (13.5 mi) line, expected to open in 2020, will be a suburban metro line connecting Gaotang Bridge Station to Jinhai Road Station. (CNNB)
November 14, 2015 – A test TGV train traveling eastbound on the southern track of the LGV Est high-speed rail line derails as it enters a curve at 265 km/h (165 mph) in Eckwersheim. The accident killed eleven crew and injured the remaining 42 persons aboard, which included 4 children who were not authorized by SNCF to be on the train. According to investigators, late braking, which led to the train entering the curve at excessive speed, was the immediate cause of the accident. (BBC)(DNA)(SNCF)
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