Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district

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Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 7.png
7th District boundaries beginning in January 2019.
U.S. RepresentativeMary Gay Scanlon (DSwarthmore) 
Distribution
  • 87.65[1]% urban
  • 12.35% rural
Population (2010)692,866
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+1[2]
The 7th congressional district's boundaries from January 3, 2013 to January 2019

Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district incorporates parts of the Philadelphia suburbs, including most of Delaware County along with portions of Chester County, Montgomery County, Berks County, and Lancaster County. It is currently vacant, and last represented by Republican Pat Meehan in the 115th United States Congress, who resigned on April 27, 2018. Mary Gay Scanlon won the special election to replace Meehan in the current congress. Susan Wild won the election in the new redrawn district, taking office January 3, 2019. The district's extreme non-congruity was the result of gerrymandering.[3] On January 22, 2018, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ruled that the map violated the state constitution, and in February it issued its own district boundaries for use in the 2018 elections and representation thereafter. Most of the population in the old 7th will become part of a new, heavily Democratic fifth district, while most of the old 15th district will become a new, marginal seventh district.[4][5]

Elections[edit]

Year Office Results
2002 Representative Weldon 66.09–33.91%
2004 President Kerry 53–47%
Representative Weldon 58.8–40.3%
2006 Representative Sestak 56.4–43.6%
2008 President Obama 56–43%
Representative Sestak 59.6–40.4%
2010 Representative Meehan 54.9–44.1%
2012 President Romney 50.4–48.5%
Representative Meehan 59.4–40.6%
2014 Representative Meehan 62.0–38.0%
2016 President Clinton 49.3–47.0%
Representative Meehan 59.5–40.5%

Geography[edit]

2003 - 2013

The 2003–2013 version of the District was located in Southeastern Pennsylvania. It contained the western and northwestern suburbs of Philadelphia. It consisted of the majority of Delaware County (except for the City of Chester and some of the eastern boroughs), a portion of Chester County east of West Chester in the affluent Main Line area, and a portion of southern Montgomery County centered on Upper Merion Township.

The 2013–2018 version of the District contains most of Delaware County outside of the City of Chester and the heavily African American townships and boroughs in the eastern portion of the county. It also contains parts of central Montgomery County, southern portions of Berks County, southern and central portions of Chester County, and a small portion of eastern Lancaster County. The District as it stood in October 2016 was named on NPR's On the Media as an egregious example of gerrymandering. The shape of the district was described as "Goofy kicking Donald Duck. The only point that is essentially contiguous there is Goofy's foot in Donald Duck's rear end. [...] However these district lines are the building blocks of democracy, and when they get as perverted and twisted as this, it leads to deeply undemocratic outcomes."[6] The Washington Post listed it as one of the ten most gerrymandered districts in the country.[7]

On February 19, 2018, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania released a new congressional map after lawmakers had failed to agree on a map that would reduce gerrymandering. The map substantially redrew the District.[5]

Demographics[edit]

The district encompasses an area of diverse wealth, ranging from blue collar and working class households in the southeastern portions of Delaware County (mostly around in the oil refinery areas of Marcus Hook and Trainer) to the southern and western portions of the affluent Main Line area of Chester, Delaware, and Montgomery Counties. The district is the home of several major colleges and universities, including Haverford College; Villanova University; Penn State Brandywine; Delaware County Community College; Eastern University; and Cheyney University, the first traditionally black college in the U.S. The district is also the home of Boeing's helicopter facility in Ridley Park. Chester, the only city in Delaware County, is split between the 7th district and 1st Congressional District, but is mostly in the 1st district.

List of members representing the district[edit]

1791 – 1793: One seat[edit]

District created in 1791 from the at-large district

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
Thomas Hartley 1748-1800.png
Thomas Hartley
Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd Redistricted from the At-large district.

Redistricted to the At-large district.

District redistricted in 1793 to the at-large district

1795 – 1823: One seat[edit]

District created in 1795 from the at-large district

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
John W. Kittera Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
4th
5th
6th
Redistricted from the At-large district.
Thomas Boude Federalist March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
7th [Data unknown/missing.]
John Rea Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1811
8th
9th
10th
11th
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Piper Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
12th Redistricted to the 8th district.
John M. Hyneman Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
August 2, 1813
13th Redistricted from the 3rd district.
Resigned.
Vacant August 2, 1813 –
October 12, 1813
13th
Daniel Udree Democratic-Republican October 12, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th Lost re-election.
Joseph Hiester.jpg
Joseph Hiester
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
December ????, 1820
14th
15th
16th
Resigned to become Governor of Pennsylvania.
Vacant December ????, 1820 –
December 26, 1820
16th [Data unknown/missing.]
Daniel Udree Democratic-Republican December 26, 1820 –
March 3, 1821
16th [Data unknown/missing.]
Ludwig Worman Federalist March 4, 1821 –
October 17, 1822
17th Died.
Vacant October 17, 1822 –
December 10, 1822
17th
Daniel Udree Democratic-Republican December 10, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
17th [Data unknown/missing.]

1823 – 1833: Two seats[edit]

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
Henry Wilson Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Died. Daniel Udree Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th [Data unknown/missing.]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
August 24, 1826
19th William Addams Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
19th
20th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant August 24, 1826 –
December 4, 1826
Jacob Krebs Jacksonian December 4, 1826 –
March 3, 1827
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Fry Jr. Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
20th
21st
Retired.
Henry A. P. Muhlenberg Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Redistricted to the 9th district
Henry King Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd Redistricted to the 8th district

1833 – Present: One seat[edit]

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
No image.svg
David D. Wagener
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
No image.svg
John Westbrook
Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Retired.
No image.svg
Abraham R. McIlvaine
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28th
29th
30th
Lost renomination.
No image.svg
Jesse C. Dickey
Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st Lost re-election.
No image.svg
John A. Morrison
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel Augustus Bridges - Brady-Handy.jpg
Samuel A. Bridges
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Lost re-election.
No image.svg
Samuel C. Bradshaw
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Lost re-election.
Henry Chapman, 1804–1891.jpg
Henry Chapman
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th Retired.
No image.svg
Henry C. Longnecker
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [Data unknown/missing.]
No image.svg
Thomas B. Cooper
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
April 4, 1862
37th Died.
Vacant April 4, 1862 –
June 3, 1862
37th
John Dodson Stiles - Brady-Handy.jpg
John D. Stiles
Democratic June 3, 1862 –
March 3, 1863
37th Redistricted to the 6th district
JohnMartinBroomall.jpg
John M. Broomall
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1869
38th
39th
40th
Retired.
Washington Townsend - Brady-Handy.jpg
Washington Townsend
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
41st
42nd
43rd
Redistricted to the 6th district
Alan Wood Jr. (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Alan Wood Jr.
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Retired.
Isaac Newton Evans - Brady-Handy.jpg
Isaac N. Evans
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Retired.
William Godshalk - Brady-Handy.jpg
William Godshalk
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
Retired.
Isaac Newton Evans - Brady-Handy.jpg
Isaac N. Evans
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Retired.
Robert M. Yardley (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Robert M. Yardley
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
Retired.
Edwin Hallowell (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Edwin Hallowell
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Lost re-election.
IrvingPWanger.jpg
Irving P. Wanger
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1903
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Thomas S. Butler (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Thomas S. Butler
Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1923
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
George P. Darrow (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
George P. Darrow
Republican March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1937
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Lost re-election.
IraWDrew.jpg
Ira W. Drew
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Lost re-election.
George P. Darrow (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
George P. Darrow
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th Retired.
SenHughScott.jpg
Hugh Scott
Republican January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1945
77th
78th
Lost re-election.
JamesPaineWolfenden.jpg
James Wolfenden
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th Redistricted from the 8th district.
Retired.
No image.svg
E. Wallace Chadwick
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th Lost renomination.
Benjamin F. James (Pennsylvania Congressman).jpg
Benjamin F. James
Republican January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1959
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
Retired.
WmHMilliken.JPG
William H. Milliken Jr.
Republican January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1965
86th
87th
88th
Retired.
G. Robert Watkins.jpg
G. Robert Watkins
Republican January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
89th Redistricted to the 9th district
Lawrence G. Williams 92nd Congress 1971.jpg
Lawrence G. Williams
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1975
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Lost re-election.
Robert W. Edgar.jpg
Robert W. Edgar
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1987
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Curt Weldon.jpg
Curt Weldon
Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 2007
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
Lost re-election.
Congressman Sestak Official Congressional headshot.jpg
Joe Sestak
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2011
110th
111th
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Pat Meehan, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Pat Meehan
Republican January 3, 2011 –
April 27, 2018
112th
113th
114th
115th
Resigned.
Vacant April 27, 2018 –
November 6, 2018
115th
Mary Gay Scanlon Democratic November 6, 2018 –
January 3, 2019
Elected to finish Meehan's term.

Redistricted to the 5th district.
Susan Wild Democratic Term in new district starting January 3, 2019 116th Redistricted from the 15th district.
Elected in 2018.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ "New Pennsylvania Map Is a Major Boost for Democrats". The Cook Political Report. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  3. ^ Ingraham, Christopher. "This is the best explanation of gerrymandering you will ever see". Washington Post. Washington Post. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  4. ^ "Pennsylvania Supreme Court strikes down state's congressional districts". CBS News. 2018 CBS Interactive Inc. CBS News. January 24, 2018. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  6. ^ "The System Is Rigged". On the Media. October 21, 2016.
  7. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2014/05/15/americas-most-gerrymandered-congressional-districts/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°54′N 75°55′W / 39.900°N 75.917°W / 39.900; -75.917