|Founded||April 3, 2006|
|Preceded by||Movimiento Pais, PS-FA, Ruptura de los 25, Poder Ciudadano, Alianza Bolivariana Alfarista, Amauta Jatari, Poder Ciudadano, PCE, PTE.|
|Headquarters||Av. Shiris, Quito, Ecuador|
|Youth wing||Juventudes Alianza Pais|
|Membership||1.5 million (2011)|
Socialism of the 21st century
Centre-left to left-wing,
Left-wing to Far-left
|National affiliation||United Front (2014-2018)|
|International affiliation||Foro de São Paulo|
|Colors||Lime green and Midnight blue|
|Seats in the National Assembly|
40 / 137
0 / 23
27 / 221
PAIS Alliance (Spanish: Alianza PAIS (Patria Altiva i Soberana), English: PAIS Alliance (Proud and Sovereign Fatherland); país also means "country" in Spanish) is an Ecuadorian center-left democratic socialist and social democratic political party.
- 1 Background
- 2 Main members of the party
- 3 National directive
- 4 History
- 5 Political project
- 6 Electoral history
- 7 References
- 8 External links
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The beginnings of Alliance PAIS go back to the year 1999, when Ricardo Patiño impelled, together with Alberto Acosta, Patricia Dávila, Ivonne Benítez and others, the creation of Jubilee 2000 Net Guayaquil, an organization of the civil corporation that investigated, denounced and looked for ways to solve the distressing topic of the Ecuadorian foreign debt, also in which were integrated Rafael Correa, Gustavo Larrea and Fander Falconí. Alliance PAIS is due to its initial structure to movements like: Civic initiative, National Democratic Action, Alliance Bolivariana Alfarista, and the same Jubilee 2000.
The current configuration of this movement is given with the participation of the Ecuadorian Socialist Party, humanist movements and social bases.
Main members of the party
The president of the party is Rafael Correa, among other important leaders at the present time can stand out: Lenin Moreno vice-president from the Ecuador, the president of National Assembly Fernando Cordero, the Alcalde of Quito Augusto Barrera, the assemblymen Fernando Bustamante, Aminta Buenaño, the ex secretary of planning Fander Falconí and the chancellor of the republic Ricardo Patiño.
The 22 vocales of the National Directive are Ricardo Patiño, Doris Soliz, Augusto Barrera, Irina Cabezas, Fernando Cordero, Nancy Morocho, Fander Falconí, María Luisa Moreno, Roberto Cuero, Ximena Ponce, Juan Carlos, Roxana Alvarado, Miguel Carvajal, Dora Aguirre, Jorge Loor, Gabriela Rivadeneira, Diego Borja, Patricia Sarzoza, Gustavo Baroja, Andrea Gonzaga, Leonardo Vicuña and Olguita Mejía.
Commission of Ethics: Karla Chávez, Carlos Marx and Galo Borja. The Electoral Commission: Mayerli Vásquez, Paúl Granda and Xavier Ponce.
PAIS Alliance publishes El Ciudadano and the young wing of the AP is the Juventudes Alianza País.
PAIS ("Proud and Sovereign Fatherland Alliance") was founded by Rafael Correa at the start of 2006 Presidential campaign. The movement espouses political sovereignty, regional integration, and economic relief for Ecuador's poor.
During the campaign, Correa proposed a constituent assembly to rewrite Ecuador's constitution. Alianza PAIS did not run any congressional candidates, as Correa had stated that he would call for a referendum to begin drafting a new constitution. However, the Alianza PAIS movement signed a political alliance with the Ecuadorian Socialist Party, which did present candidates for Congress.
In the 15 October 2006 general election Correa obtained second place (22.84%) behind banana tycoon Álvaro Noboa (26.83%). Correa won the subsequent 26 November 2006 runoff election with 56.67% of the vote. He took office on 15 January 2007.
On 15 April 2007, Ecuadoreans voted overwhelmingly (81.72% in favor) to support the election of a constituent assembly.
Constituent Assembly election
As a result, in the national election, President Correa won backing for his plans to rewrite Ecuador's constitution and expand state control of the nation's economy. Correa's faction won approximately 61% of the seats in the National Assembly (80 of 130 Assembly Members). The Constituent Assembly was originally led by Alianza PAIS member Alberto Acosta, who was then replaced by another PAIS member, Fernando Cordero.
A constitutional referendum was held in Ecuador on 28 September 2008 to ratify or reject the constitution drafted by the Ecuadorian Constituent Assembly elected in 2007. Partial results show that 64% of voters voted to approve the 2008 Constitution of Ecuador.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2017)
For the first time in the political history of Ecuador, an organized political party selected its candidates by means of primary elections. Alliance PAIS organized primary elections for January 25, 2009, in the whole country. The objective was that the members of the political movement would name the candidates for the elections of April 26, 2009.
Rafael Correa was re-elected for a second term in general election on 26 April 2009. It was the first time in thirty years that the country had re-elected a president. PAIS also won the largest legislative block in the National Assembly, although not a majority.
Rafael Correa was ratified as president of the movement in November 2010. Galo Mora was designated first secretary-general.
On 1 October 2016, former Vice President Lenin Moreno was nominated as a candidate for the 2017 presidential election at the conference of Alianza País. The statement was made by President Rafael Correa.
In the 19 February 2017 election, Moreno won the elections with 39.3% of the vote. However he was short by less than one percentage point of outright victory, as Ecuador requires in its two-round system. On 2 April 2017 second runoff, he defeated Lasso, with a 51.16% of the vote.
Internal crisis and de-Correization
Within months of winning the election, Moreno started moving away from his voting platform, thus igniting a feud with ex-president Rafael Correa.
Later that same year, through a referendum, President Moreno reversed several key legislation pieces passed by Correa's administration that targeted wealthy individuals and banks, reversed a previous referendum allowing indefinite re-election (and efficiently blocking Correa's future electoral bids), and established a Council, Consejo de Participación Ciudadana y Control Social (CPCCS-T), with Supra-Constitutional powers to "evaluate control authorities and judges" (with the aim to remove what remains of Correa from the state).
Their political project is denominated the Revolución Ciudadana and it is synthesized in five axes that are: Political revolution, Economic Revolution, Ethical Revolution, Social, Educational Revolution and of Health, Revolution for the Latin American Integration. With these postulates the movement PAIS seeks to transform to the Ecuador toward the socialism of the 21st century.
PAIS has an approximate membership of 1.5 million people as of 2011.
Alianza PAIS occupies the slot of party number 35 on the Ecuadorian ballot. The colours of Alianza PAIS are lime green and midnight blue. The slogan for the 2007 elections "Dale Patria" literally means "Go Fatherland".
|First Round||Second Round|
National Assembly elections
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59 / 124
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The party did not contest the 2006 election
- "Conozca la historia de Alianza PAIS, de un binomio al control del poder en Ecuador".
- Ortiz-T., Pablo (2008), "Ecuador", The Indigenous World 2008, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, p. 147
- "Movimientoalianzapais - Mein Blog". movimientoalianzapais.com.ec.
- ‘Socialismo’ en el discurso de Correa El Universo, July 23, 2007
- McDermott, Jeremy Man of the people closes in on presidency, The Scotsman, 14 October 2006.
- (in Spanish) Alianza PAIS and Socialist Party sign alliance on Alianza PAIS website
- (in Spanish) RESULTADOS: NACIONALES Tribunal Supremo Electoral
- (in Spanish) "Consulta Popular Nacional". 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
- Correa Wins Majority in Ecuador Vote to Rewrite Constitution, Bloomberg News, 2 October 2007.
- "Ecuador Assembly Approves Constitution - Prensa Latina".
- "Ecuadoreans back new constitution". BBC News. 29 September 2008.
- Reglamento: Elecciones Primarias 2009 Acuerdo PAIS
- "Avenger against oligarchy" wins in Ecuador The Real News, April 27, 2009.
- "PAIS, sin mayoría tras definirse los 124 escaños". 23 June 2009.
- (in Spanish) http://www.hoy.com.ec/noticias-ecuador/ecuatorianos-designan-parlamentarios-andinos-en-apaticas-elecciones-353279.html
- (in Spanish) http://www.eltiempo.com.ec/noticias-cuenca/18482-pais-encabezara-representantes-de-ecuador-en-parlamento-andino/
- (in Spanish) http://www.hoy.com.ec/noticias-ecuador/movimiento-pais-alcanza-tres-de-las-cinco-curules-en-el-parlamento-andino-353424.html
- (in Spanish) http://ec.globedia.com/ratifica-convencion-alianza-pais-liderazgo-presidente-correa
- In the Ecuadorian system, to avoid a runoff a candidate needs to either win 50 percent of the first-round vote, or take 40 percent of the vote and be at least 10 percent ahead of the runner-up (Guillermo Lasso had obtained 28.09%; so had Moreno gained 40 percent he would have won on the 40-10 rule).
- "El Futuro Es Ahora".
- "CNE informa "resultados irreversibles": Moreno 51.16% – Lasso 48.84%" (in Spanish). Ecuavisa. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
- "¿Una broma? Presidente Moreno: A los que les estoy agarrando un poco de odio, más bien, es a los que votaron por mí (VIDEO)". Ecuadorinmediato.com. August 30, 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
- "¿Cuáles son las siete preguntas del referéndum y la consulta popular del 4 de febrero del 2018 en Ecuador?". El Comercio (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-08-01.
- FORAJIDO TV (2018-05-08), CESAR TRUJILLO DICE QUE EL CPCCS SI ESTA POR ENCIMA DE LA CONSTITUCION!, retrieved 2018-08-01
- (in Spanish) http://andes.info.ec/politica/alianza-pais-con-15-millones-de-firmas-para-inscribirse-en-el-organismo-electoral-57587.html