PAIS Alliance

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PAIS Alliance Movement (Proud and Sovereign Homeland)

Movimiento Alianza PAIS (Patria Altiva I Soberana)
PresidentLenín Moreno
Secretary-GeneralGustavo Baroja
FoundedApril 3, 2006[1]
Preceded byMovimiento Pais
Ruptura de los 25
Poder Ciudadano
Alianza Bolivariana Alfarista
Amauta Jatari
Poder Ciudadano
PCE
HeadquartersAv. Shiris, Quito, Ecuador
NewspaperSomos PAIS
Youth wingJuventudes Alianza Pais
Membership1.5 million (2011)
IdeologySocial democracy[2][3][4][5][6]
Correa era:
Socialism of the 21st century
Bolivarianism
Democratic socialism[7]
Left-wing populism
Left-wing nationalism
Political positionCurrent:
Centre[8] to centre-left[7]
Correa era:
Left-wing to far-left
National affiliationUnited Front [es; zh] (2014-2018)
International affiliationForo de São Paulo
ColorsLime green and Midnight blue
Seats in the National Assembly
40 / 137
Prefectures
0 / 23
Municipality
27 / 221
Website
www.alianzapais.com.ec

The PAIS Alliance (Spanish: Alianza PAIS (Patria Altiva i Soberana); English: PAIS Alliance (Proud and Sovereign Homeland); país also means "country" in Spanish) is an Ecuadorian center-left social democratic, and originally democratic socialist[7] political party.

Background[edit]

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The beginnings of Alliance PAIS go back to the year 1999, when Ricardo Patiño impelled, together with Alberto Acosta, Patricia Dávila, Ivonne Benítez and others, the creation of Jubilee 2000 Net Guayaquil, an organization of the civil corporation that investigated, denounced and looked for ways to solve the distressing topic of the Ecuadorian foreign debt, also in which were integrated Rafael Correa, Gustavo Larrea and Fander Falconí. Alliance PAIS is due to its initial structure to movements like: Civic initiative, National Democratic Action, Alliance Bolivariana Alfarista, and the same Jubilee 2000.

The current configuration of this movement is given with the participation of the Ecuadorian Socialist Party, humanist movements and social bases.

Main members of the party[edit]

Lenín Moreno, current President of Ecuador
Rafael Correa, former leader of Alianza PAIS

The president of the party is Lenín Moreno, who is also the current President of Ecuador. Other important leaders include: former president Rafael Correa, president of the National Assembly Fernando Cordero, the Alcalde of Quito Augusto Barrera, the assemblymen Fernando Bustamante, Aminta Buenaño, the ex-Secretary of Planning Fander Falconí, and the Chancellor of the Republic Ricardo Patiño.

National directive[edit]

The 22 vocales of the National Directive are Ricardo Patiño, Doris Soliz, Augusto Barrera, Irina Cabezas, Fernando Cordero, Nancy Morocho, Fander Falconí, María Luisa Moreno, Roberto Cuero, Ximena Ponce, Juan Carlos, Roxana Alvarado, Miguel Carvajal, Dora Aguirre, Jorge Loor, Gabriela Rivadeneira, Diego Borja, Patricia Sarzoza, Gustavo Baroja, Andrea Gonzaga, Leonardo Vicuña and Olguita Mejía.

Commission of Ethics: Karla Chávez, Carlos Marx and Galo Borja. The Electoral Commission: Mayerli Vásquez, Paúl Granda and Xavier Ponce.[9]

PAIS Alliance publishes El Ciudadano and the young wing of the AP is the Juventudes Alianza País.[10]

History[edit]

First period[edit]

PAIS ("Proud and Sovereign Fatherland Alliance") was founded by Rafael Correa at the start of 2006 Presidential campaign. The movement espouses political sovereignty, regional integration, and economic relief for Ecuador's poor.[11]

During the campaign, Correa proposed a constituent assembly to rewrite Ecuador's constitution.[12] Alianza PAIS did not run any congressional candidates, as Correa had stated that he would call for a referendum to begin drafting a new constitution. However, the Alianza PAIS movement signed a political alliance with the Ecuadorian Socialist Party, which did present candidates for Congress.[13]

In the 15 October 2006 general election Correa obtained second place (22.84%) behind banana tycoon Álvaro Noboa (26.83%). Correa won the subsequent 26 November 2006 runoff election with 56.67% of the vote.[14] He took office on 15 January 2007.

Constituent referendum[edit]

On 15 April 2007, Ecuadoreans voted overwhelmingly (81.72% in favor) to support the election of a constituent assembly.[15]

Constituent Assembly election[edit]

As a result, in the national election, President Correa won backing for his plans to rewrite Ecuador's constitution and expand state control of the nation's economy. Correa's faction won approximately 61% of the seats in the National Assembly (80 of 130 Assembly Members).[16] The Constituent Assembly was originally led by Alianza PAIS member Alberto Acosta, who was then replaced by another PAIS member, Fernando Cordero.

Constitutional referendum[edit]

A constitutional referendum was held in Ecuador on 28 September 2008 to ratify or reject the constitution drafted by the Ecuadorian Constituent Assembly elected in 2007.[17] Partial results show that 64% of voters voted to approve the 2008 Constitution of Ecuador.[18]

Second period[edit]

Primary elections[edit]

For the first time in the political history of Ecuador, an organized political party selected its candidates by means of primary elections. Alliance PAIS organized primary elections for January 25, 2009, in the whole country. The objective was that the members of the political movement would name the candidates for the elections of April 26, 2009.[19]

General elections[edit]

Rafael Correa was re-elected for a second term in general election on 26 April 2009. It was the first time in thirty years that the country had re-elected a president. PAIS also won the largest legislative block in the National Assembly, although not a majority.[20][21]

In the elections for the Andean parliament. Alliance PAIS obtained 3 of 5 parliamentarians.[22][23][24]

Rafael Correa was ratified as president of the movement in November 2010. Galo Mora was designated first secretary-general.[25]

On 1 October 2016, former Vice President Lenin Moreno was nominated as a candidate for the 2017 presidential election at the conference of Alianza País. The statement was made by President Rafael Correa.

In the 19 February 2017 election, Moreno won the elections with 39.3% of the vote. However he was short by less than one percentage point of outright victory, as Ecuador requires in its two-round system.[26] On 2 April 2017 second runoff, he defeated Lasso, with a 51.16% of the vote.[27][28]

Moreno administration[edit]

Within months of winning the election, Moreno gradually moved away from his voting platform,[29] thus igniting a feud with ex-president Rafael Correa. Moreno distanced himself from populist policies championed by Correa and distanced himself from the Venezuelan government, arguing that Ecuador required to be independent from ALBA.[30] Throughout this process, Moreno continued to identify himself as social democrat.[8]

In February 2018, Moreno led the 2018 Ecuadorian referendum and popular consultation, which proposed more strict corruption laws and more regulations to protected natural areas within the country.[31] The largest proposal approved by Ecuadorians in the referendum was the re-establishment of term limits for the presidency, effectively blocking Correa's future electoral bids.[8] At the time, Moreno enjoyed an approval rating near 80 percent according to polls.[8]

Under Correa, the Ecuadorian government began to overspend and increase borrowing, with the country's debt tripling in a five-year period.[29] Moreno was then tasked with overhauling Ecuador's economy and resulted to spending cuts.[29] The moves to reverse Correa's populist policies did not earn Moreno more popular support, however, and by April 2019 his approval rating hovered near 30 percent.[8][29]

Political project[edit]

Their political project is denominated the Revolución Ciudadana and it is synthesized in five axes that are: Political revolution, Economic Revolution, Ethical Revolution, Social, Educational Revolution and of Health, Revolution for the Latin American Integration. With these postulates the movement PAIS seeks to transform to the Ecuador toward the socialism of the 21st century.

PAIS has an approximate membership of 1.5 million people as of 2011.[32]

Alianza PAIS occupies the slot of party number 35 on the Ecuadorian ballot. The colours of Alianza PAIS are lime green and midnight blue. The slogan for the 2007 elections "Dale Patria" literally means "Go Fatherland".

Electoral history[edit]

Presidential Elections[edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
2006 Rafael Correa 1,246,333 22.84% 3,517,635 56.67% Elected Green tickY
2009 Rafael Correa 3,584,236 51.99% - - Elected Green tickY
2013 Rafael Correa 4,918,482 57.17% - - Elected Green tickY
2017 Lenín Moreno 3,716,343 39.36% 5,062,018 51.16% Elected Green tickY

National Assembly elections[edit]

Election Party leader Seats +/–
2006 Rafael Correa
0 / 100
2009 Rafael Correa
59 / 124
Decrease 21
2013 Rafael Correa
100 / 137
Increase 41
2017 Lenín Moreno
74 / 137
Decrease 26

Notes[edit]

The party did not contest the 2006 election

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Conozca la historia de Alianza PAIS, de un binomio al control del poder en Ecuador".
  2. ^ "Lenin Moreno's New Economic Policy". The Economist.
  3. ^ "Ecuador paralyzed by national strike as Moreno refuses to step down". The Guardian.
  4. ^ "Moreno Is Breaking Ranks with the Correa Administration". Fair Observer. Sep 10, 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  5. ^ "The Socialist Who Gave Up Julian Assange and Renounced Socialism". Bloomberg.
  6. ^ "Lenín Moreno unpicks Ecuador's leftwing legacy". The Financial Times. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Ortiz-T., Pablo (2008), "Ecuador", The Indigenous World 2008, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs, p. 147
  8. ^ a b c d e Stuenkel, Oliver (2019-07-11). "Is Ecuador a Model for Post-Populist Democratic Recovery?". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Archived from the original on 2019-07-12. Retrieved 2019-10-11.
  9. ^ "Movimientoalianzapais - Mein Blog". movimientoalianzapais.com.ec.
  10. ^ http://www.oromartv.com/Noticias-Nacionales/Juventudes-Alianza-PAIS.html
  11. ^ ‘Socialismo’ en el discurso de Correa El Universo, July 23, 2007
  12. ^ McDermott, Jeremy Man of the people closes in on presidency, The Scotsman, 14 October 2006.
  13. ^ (in Spanish) Alianza PAIS and Socialist Party sign alliance on Alianza PAIS website
  14. ^ (in Spanish) RESULTADOS: NACIONALES Tribunal Supremo Electoral
  15. ^ "Consulta Popular Nacional" (in Spanish). 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2017-06-05.
  16. ^ Correa Wins Majority in Ecuador Vote to Rewrite Constitution, Bloomberg News, 2 October 2007.
  17. ^ "Ecuador Assembly Approves Constitution - Prensa Latina".
  18. ^ "Ecuadoreans back new constitution". BBC News. 29 September 2008.
  19. ^ Reglamento: Elecciones Primarias 2009 Acuerdo PAIS
  20. ^ "Avenger against oligarchy" wins in Ecuador The Real News, April 27, 2009.
  21. ^ "PAIS, sin mayoría tras definirse los 124 escaños". 23 June 2009.
  22. ^ (in Spanish) http://www.hoy.com.ec/noticias-ecuador/ecuatorianos-designan-parlamentarios-andinos-en-apaticas-elecciones-353279.html
  23. ^ (in Spanish) http://www.eltiempo.com.ec/noticias-cuenca/18482-pais-encabezara-representantes-de-ecuador-en-parlamento-andino/
  24. ^ (in Spanish) http://www.hoy.com.ec/noticias-ecuador/movimiento-pais-alcanza-tres-de-las-cinco-curules-en-el-parlamento-andino-353424.html
  25. ^ (in Spanish) http://ec.globedia.com/ratifica-convencion-alianza-pais-liderazgo-presidente-correa
  26. ^ In the Ecuadorian system, to avoid a runoff a candidate needs to either win 50 percent of the first-round vote, or take 40 percent of the vote and be at least 10 percent ahead of the runner-up (Guillermo Lasso had obtained 28.09%; so had Moreno gained 40 percent he would have won on the 40-10 rule).
  27. ^ "El Futuro Es Ahora".
  28. ^ "CNE informa "resultados irreversibles": Moreno 51.16% – Lasso 48.84%" (in Spanish). Ecuavisa. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  29. ^ a b c d "Lenín Moreno's new economic policy". The Economist. 2019-04-11. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2019-10-11.
  30. ^ "Ecuador leaves Venezuelan-run regional alliance". Associated Press. 24 August 2018. Archived from the original on 24 August 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  31. ^ "¿Cuáles son las siete preguntas del referéndum y la consulta popular del 4 de febrero del 2018 en Ecuador?". El Comercio (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  32. ^ (in Spanish) http://andes.info.ec/politica/alianza-pais-con-15-millones-de-firmas-para-inscribirse-en-el-organismo-electoral-57587.html

External links[edit]