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PAL-V International B.V.
IndustryAircraft manufacturer
ProductsPAL-V ONE

PAL-V International B.V. is a Dutch company who are developing a roadable aircraft, the PAL-V ONE (Personal Air and Land Vehicle ONE).[1]

PAL-V ONE[edit]

Role Flying Car, Roadable aircraft
Manufacturer PAL-V
Designer C. Klok (exterior design)
First flight March 2012
Status In test
Number built 1

The PAL-V ONE in flight is an autogyro or gyrocopter, with a foldable pusher propeller providing forward thrust and a free-spinning rotor providing lift. Directional stability is provided by twin boom-mounted tailfins.

It has a tricycle undercarriage with relatively large wheels.

On the ground, the propeller and rotor are stopped and power is diverted to the wheels, allowing it to travel as a three-wheeled car. Unusually, it leans into turns like a motorcycle, a solution pioneered by the Carver vehicle, also produced by a Dutch company.[2][3][4]

PAL-V ONE landing
PAL-V ONE prepared for driving
PAL-V ONE on the road

The PAL-V One has two seats and a 160 kW flight certified gasoline engine, giving it a top speed of 180 km/h (112 mph) on land and in air, and a Maximum Takeoff Weight of 910 kg.[5]

A prototype model has been test flown in 2012.[6] The company is seeking funds to develop the type for production.[7][8] Estimated unit price in 2012 was around $300,000.[9]
In May 2014 the manufacturer announced the flying car will be taken in production, with an exclusive limited edition 45 units at 500,000 euro each, with orders being taken from later that year, and first deliveries in 2016/2017.[10]

PAL-V Liberty[edit]

In a press release in February 2017, PAL-V announced that they have started selling PAL-V Liberty Pioneer Edition [11] The first delivery was then expected to be in 2018. After delivering 90 Pioneer Editions, PAL-V will start shipping PAL-V Liberty Sport.

The production model was first publicly shown at the Geneva Motor Show in Switzerland on 6 March 2018. CEO Robert Dingemanse stated that he expected all certification requirements to be completed in 2019. [12]


Data from GizMag[5] and[13]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 2
  • Length: 4 m (13 ft 1 in) with rotor folded
  • Width: 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in) with rotor folded
  • Height: 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in) with rotor folded
  • Empty weight: 680 kg (1,499 lb)
  • Gross weight: 910 kg (2,006 lb)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed


  • Maximum speed: 180 km/h (112 mph; 97 kn)
  • Stall speed: 0 km/h; 0 mph (0 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 180 km/h; 112 mph (97 kn)
  • Range: 354–507 km; 191–274 nmi (220–315 mi) in-flight; 1,210 km; 650 nmi (750 mi) on land


  1. ^ PAL-V website
  2. ^ "PAL-V One: Future Fantasy Trike" Future Cars. 15 May 2010 (outdated specs). Quote: "PAL-V One incorporates the Dynamic Vehicle Control (DVC™) technology pioneered in the 3-wheeled Carver One"
  3. ^ "Dutchmen invent plausible flying car" TopGear, 3 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012. Quote: "PAL-V features the same Dynamic Vehicle Control system used on the Carver ONE"
  4. ^ [1] From PAL-V technical brochure
  5. ^ a b Quick, Darren. "PAL-V flying car makes successful first test flight" GizMag, 2 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Notable Roadable". Sport Aviation: 16. May 2012.
  7. ^ "Will sales of flying car take off?" BBC News, 2 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  8. ^ [2] An embedded video of the PAL-V ONE in ground and air operation
  9. ^ Flying car makes maiden voyage (57 pictures) Washington Post, 3 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Vliegende auto Pal-V One uit Raamsdonksveer in productie, te koop voor 500.000 euro" [Flying car Pal-V One from Raamsdonksveer in production, for sale at 500,000 euro] (in Dutch). Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  11. ^ "PAL-V Liberty: The World's First Usable Flying Car Has Just Gone On Sale". Retrieved 27 Feb 2017.
  12. ^ Grady, Mary (6 March 2018). "Pal-V Displays Production Version". AVweb. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Pal-V One Target Specifications". Archived from the original on 4 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.

External links[edit]