PAREXEL

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PAREXEL International
Public
Traded as NASDAQPRXL
S&P 400 Component
Industry Clinical research organizations
Pharmaceutical
Founded 1982
Headquarters Waltham, Massachusetts, United States of America;
80+ facilities in 51+ countries
Key people
Chairman and CEO:
Josef H. von Rickenbach
Services clinical trial management, data management, medical writing, biostatistics, pharmacovigilance, regulatory consulting
Revenue Increase$2,054.3M USD (2016)[1]
Increase$154.9M USD (2016)[1]
Number of employees
18,660[2]
Website https://www.parexel.com/

PAREXEL International is a multinational life sciences consulting firm. It conducts clinical trials on behalf of its pharmaceutical clients to expedite the drug approval process. It is the second largest clinical research organization in the world and has helped develop approximately 95% of the 200 top-selling biopharmaceuticals on the market today.[3] The company publishes the annual PAREXEL R&D Statistical Sourcebook,[4] operates the PAREXEL-Academy,[5] and councils all of the top 50 biopharmaceutical and top 30 biotechnology companies.[6]

PAREXEL was founded in 1982 by Josef von Rickenbach[7] and organic chemist Anne B. Sayigh[8] initially to advise Japanese and German firms on how to navigate the FDA approval process.[9] The firm has grown organically over the years and through 40 acquisitions. Josef von Rickenbach is credited with establishing PAREXEL’s culture and practices based on the principles he experienced as a researcher at Schering-Plough in Lucerne, Switzerland.[9]

In 1990, the firm expanded internationally and established new practice areas. By 1999 it had a staff of 4,500 and 45 offices.[9] In the 2000s, it grew to over 18,000 employees. PAREXEL’s consulting and clinical trial work has helped establish many household drug brands and contributed to numerous successes in modern pharmacology.

In 2016, the company allied with EMC Corporation to provide a suite of regulated information and content management services.[10]

Acquisition history[edit]

  • 1996-06: PAREXEL acquires in separate transactions:
    • Caspard Consultants, a Paris-based contract research organization, and
    • Sitebase Clinical Systems, Inc., a provider of remote data entry technology designed to enhance the quality and timeliness of clinical trial data.[11]
  • 1996-08: PAREXEL acquires in separate transactions for a combined 1,008,304 own shares of common stock:
    • Lansal Clinical Pharmaceutics, Limited, a contract research organization located in Israel, and
    • State and Federal Associates, Inc., a Washington, D.C.-based provider of medical marketing and related consulting services to the health care and pharmaceutical industries.[11]
  • 1997-03: PAREXEL acquires in separate transactions for a combined 210,000 own shares of common stock:
    • RESCON, Inc. a medical marketing business located in the Washington, D.C. area, and
    • Sheffield Statistical Services, Ltd., a company located in the United Kingdom that specializes in biostatistical analysis.[12]
  • 1997-11: PAREXEL acquires substantially all of the assets of Hayden Image Processing Group, a Colorado corporation developing software for analyzing and measuring high resolution medical images, and announces its strategic alliance with The IRIS Group S.A. based in Belgium, specializing in intelligent optical character recognition technology.[13]
  • 1997-12: PAREXEL acquires Kemper-Masterson, Inc, a management consulting firm on FDA and other regulatory matters to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology and medical device industries based in Massachusetts.[14]
  • 1998-03: PAREXEL acquires four companies:
    • PPS Europe Limited, subsequently renamed PAREXEL MMS Europe Limited, a medical marketing firm based in the United Kingdom, and Genesis Pharma Strategies Limited,[15] a physician-focused marketing and clinical communications firm servicing the international pharmaceutical industry, for $113,1 Million in own common stock;
    • MIRAI B.V., a full service, pan-European contract research organization based in the Netherlands, for $26 Million in own common stock;
    • LOGOS GmbH, a provider of regulatory services to pharmaceutical manufacturers, for $3,9 Million in own common stock.[16]
  • 1999-03: PAREXEL acquires Groupe PharMedicom S.A., a French provider of post-regulatory services to pharmaceutical manufacturers, based in Paris and Orléans and employing approximately 70 people, in exchange for approximately 199,600 shares of the Company's common stock.[17]
  • 1999-04: Covance Inc. announced it would acquire its competitor PAREXEL for $612.7 million in stock and combine the two drug research and development companies under the name Covance Parexel Inc.,[18] only to call off the agreement two months later.[19]
  • 1999-09: PAREXEL acquires CEMAF S.A., a Phase I clinical research and bioanalytical laboratory located in Poitiers, France for an initial cash payment of approximately $3.0 million.[20]
  • 2000-09: PAREXEL acquires a majority interest in FARMOVS, a clinical pharmacology research business and bioanalytical laboratory located in Bloemfontein, South Africa for approximately $3.0 Million.[21] A few weeks later the company acquired a clinical pharmacology unit located in Northwick Park Hospital in Harrow, U.K. from British pharmaceutical company GlaxoWellcome Inc.[22]
  • 2001-07: PAREXEL acquires Edyabe, a clinical research organization in Latin America with offices in Argentina and Brazil, for approximately $1.6 million in cash.[23]
  • 2002-10: PAREXEL acquires Invantage Inc, a privately held company based in Cambridge, MA providing software and services to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, including DataWeb Enterprise Edition, a web-based data repository of potential clinical investigators combined with a decision support environment for initiating clinical trials.[24]
  • 2002-10: PAREXEL acquires Pracon & HealthIQ (a division of Excerpta Medica which was then a subsidiary of Reed Elsevier plc), a provider of specialized sales and marketing services based in Reston, VA and Orange, CA with approximately employees, for approximately $1.7 million in cash.[25]
  • 2003-01: PAREXEL acquires FWPS Group Limited, a provider of software for clinical trial management systems in Birmingham, UK, for approximately $11.9 million in cash and shares.[26]
  • 2004-03: PAREXEL buys the remaining majority of outstanding shares of 3Clinical Research AG, a clinical research organization with expertise in Phase I and Phase IIa Proof-Of-Concept studies in Berlin, Germany, for $11.7 million in cash.[27]
  • 2004-10: PAREXEL acquires Integrated Marketing Concepts (IMC), a privately held company based in Whitehall, PA, provider of professional marketing and communication services specialized in clinical trial patient recruitment and retention, sales lead management, teleservices, call center services, fulfillment, focus group and database management, and market research.[28]
  • 2005-07: PAREXEL acquires Qdot Pharma, a Phase I and IIa Proof of Concept clinical pharmacology business located in George, South Africa for approximately $3.0 Million plus additional payments of up to approximately $3.0 Million in contingent purchase price if Qdot achieves certain established financial targets through September 28, 2008.[27]
  • 2005-08: PAREXEL buys the remaining 2,2% of its information technology subsidiary Perceptive Informatics Inc., for $4.8 Million in cash.[29]
  • 2006-10: PAREXEL forms a joint venture arrangement (taking 75% equity interest) with Synchron Research Services Private Limited, under which Synchron transferred its clinical trial business operations located in Bangalore, India to a newly-formed entity, PAREXEL International Synchron Private Limited.[30]
  • 2006-10: PAREXEL acquires California Clinical Trials Medical Group, Inc. and Behavioral and Medical Research, LLC, both headquarters in San Diego, CA, providing a broad range of specialty Phase I – IV clinical research services through four clinical sites in California, for $65 Million.[31]
  • 2007-10: PAREXEL acquires Apex International Clinical Research Co. Ltd (in which PAREXEL has held a minority stake since April 2003), a Taiwan-based privately held contract research organization whose business spans mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Taiwan, Singapore, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, New Zealand, and Australia, for around $50.9 Million.[32]
  • 2008-08: PAREXEL acquires ClinPhone plc, a provider of telephone and web-based systems used in clinical trials, headquartered in Nottingham, England, with 731 employees, for $182 Million.[33]
  • 2012-12: PAREXEL acquires LIQUENT Inc., a global provider of regulatory information management solutions, headquartered in Horsham, PA with additional offices in the United Kingdom, Germany and India, employing nearly 300 individuals, for approximately $72 Million.[34]
  • 2013-04: PAREXEL acquires Heron Group, a life sciences consultancy that provides commercialization services for biopharmaceutical companies, headquartered in Luton, U.K., with additional offices in India, Sweden, and the U.S., for up to $38.2 Million.[35]
  • 2014-07: PAREXEL acquires ATLAS Medical Services, a clinical research service provider in Turkey, the Middle East and North Africa headquartered in Istanbul with 35 employees.[36]
  • 2014-10: PAREXEL acquires ClinIntel Limited, a provider of clinical randomization and trial supply Management services headquartered in Crawley, UK.[37]
  • 2015-04: PAREXEL acquires Quantum Solutions India, a provider of outsourced safety management solutions (pharmacovigilance) with approximately 900 employees.[38]
  • 2016-02: PAREXEL acquires Health Advances LLC, an independent life sciences strategy consulting firm with 120 employees.[39]
  • 2016-09: PAREXEL acquires ExecuPharm Inc, a global functional service provider headquartered in King of Prussia, PA.[40]

TGN1412 clinical trial[edit]

Main article: TGN1412

In March 2006, a PAREXEL-run trial on behalf of TeGenero, the now bankrupt German biotechnology firm, on its anti-inflammatory drug TGN1412 to treat rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis or leukaemia, caused severe inflammation and multiple organ failure in six healthy volunteers at a facility based at Northwick Park Hospital in London.[41] The drug had been tested on animals but this was the first test on humans.

PAREXEL became the target of legal proceedings from lawyers representing the injured volunteers after the insurance policy of TeGenero was unable to provide sufficient compensation. When the liable company[42] subsequently declared bankruptcy,[43] lawyers for the volunteers initiated legal proceeding against PAREXEL and the two parties later entered into talks;[44] the results of this meeting have not been made public.[45]

A documentary shown in the UK on 28 September 2006 featuring journalist Brian Deer as part of Channel 4's Dispatches series exposed uncertainty about the existence of data that should mandatorily have been submitted by TeGenero to the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) prior to the trial indicating whether TGN1412 had been adequately tested on human blood in vitro. Concerns were also raised about whether a safe human dosage was properly obtained by TeGenero. The MHRA however concluded that none of the companies involved could be held responsible for the outcome of the test and that the adverse events that occurred were most likely caused by an unpredicted biological action of the drug in humans.[46]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA". PAREXEL International Form 10-K (2016). 
  2. ^ "PAREXEL International Number of Employees - PRXL Nasdaq". Macroaxis. 
  3. ^ "MoneyShow.com: TOP PROS' TOP PICKS - Parexel Puts Drugs on Trial". MoneyShow.com. 
  4. ^ "PAREXEL Biopharmaceutical Statistical Sourcebook 2014/2015 (eStats)". 
  5. ^ Applied Clinical Trials Editorial Staff (13 April 2015). "PAREXEL Academy Adds Programs for Students". 
  6. ^ http://phx.corporate-ir.net/External.File?item=UGFyZW50SUQ9MjQwNDc3fENoaWxkSUQ9LTF8VHlwZT0z&t=1
  7. ^ "List of Public Companies Worldwide, Letter - Businessweek - Businessweek". Businessweek.com. 
  8. ^ http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/9750/title/Entrepreneur-Briefs/
  9. ^ a b c "Josef von Rickenbach - Parexel". Bilanz.ch. 
  10. ^ Staff (15 May 2016). "Parexel and EMC Ally to Provide Information Management Services". Genetic Engineering & Biotechnolgy News (Paper). 36 (10): 8. 
  11. ^ a b "PAREXEL Form 10-K (1997)". EDGAR. PAREXEL. 1997-09-29. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  12. ^ "PAREXEL COMPLETES TWO ACQUISITIONS". PRNewswire UK. PAREXEL. 1997-03-03. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  13. ^ "PAREXEL Announces Information Technology Investments". PRNewswire. PAREXEL. 1997-11-06. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  14. ^ "PAREXEL Completes Acquisition of Kemper-Masterson, Inc.". PRNewswire. PAREXEL. 1997-12-02. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  15. ^ "PAREXEL Acquires Leading International Contract Marketing Services Company". PRNewswire. PAREXEL. 1998-03-02. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  16. ^ Bulkeley, William M. (1998-03-03). "Parexel Pays $148 Million For Three European Firms". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  17. ^ "PAREXEL Acquires Groupe Pharmedicom". PRNewswire. PAREXEL. 1999-04-01. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  18. ^ "COVANCE SAYS IT IS ACQUIRING PAREXEL FOR $612 MILLION". The New York Times. 1999-04-30. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  19. ^ "Covance, Parexel part". CNNMoney. 1999-06-25. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  20. ^ "PAREXEL Acquires the Phase I Clinical Research Business And Bioanalytical Laboratory of CEMAF S.A.". PRNewswire. PAREXEL. 1999-09-15. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  21. ^ "PAREXEL Acquires Majority Interest in Clinical Pharmacology Research Business and Bioanalytical Laboratory in South Africa". PRNewswire. PAREXEL. 2000-10-16. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  22. ^ "Parexel acquires Glaxo's UK pharmacology unit". www.drugdiscoveryonline.com. 2000-10-04. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  23. ^ "PAREXEL International Enhances Presence in Latin America". PRNewswire. PAREXEL. 2001-07-30. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  24. ^ "PERCEPTIVE INFORMATICS ACQUIRES INVANTAGE, INC.". PAREXEL. 2002-09-10. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  25. ^ "Parexel acquires Pracon & HealthIQ". Boston Business Journal. American City Business Journals. 2002-11-04. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  26. ^ "ACQUISITIONS AND IMPACT OF RESTRUCTURING AND OTHER CHARGES". PAREXEL Form 10-K (2003). EDGAR. 2003-09-15. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  27. ^ a b "NOTE 18. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS". Parexel Form 10-K 2005. EDGAR. 2005-09-08. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  28. ^ "Parexel acquires marketing firm". Boston Business Journal. American City Business Journals. 2004-10-04. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  29. ^ "Parexel buys out remaining minority interest in Perceptive Informatics". Boston Business Journal. American City Business Journals. 2005-08-22. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  30. ^ "Parexel Establishes Presence in India". pharmaasia.com. Contineo Media Pte Ltd (Singapore). 2006-10-04. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  31. ^ "PAREXEL Agrees to Acquire California Clinical Trials Medical Group, Inc., and Behavioral and Medical Research, LLC; Acquisition Adds West Coast Phase I Unit and Specialty Phase II – IV Clinical Research Services". www.edgemontcapital.com/. Edgemont Capital Partners. 2006-10-12. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  32. ^ "Parexel strengthens Asia-Pacific hand with Apex acquisition". pharmatimes.com. PharmaTimes Media Ltd. 2007-10-02. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  33. ^ "Parexel puts up $182M for U.K. firm ClinPhone". Boston Business Journal. American City Business Journals. 2008-06-13. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  34. ^ "PAREXEL International Announces Acquisition of Liquent, Inc., and Updates Financial Guidance". [PR Newswire]. Cision Inc. 2012-12-27. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  35. ^ "Parexel Acquires Heron Group in Up To $38M Deal". Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News. Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  36. ^ Brennan, Zachary (2014-07-02). "Parexel taps Middle East, North Africa with Atlas acquisition". outsourcing-pharma.com. William Reed Business Media. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  37. ^ "Parexel acquires ClinIntel". Cosmetics Business. HPCi Media Ltd. 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  38. ^ Brennan, Zachary (2015-03-26). "Parexel to tap additional pharmacovigilance services with QSI acquisition". outsourcing-pharma.com. William Reed Business Media. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  39. ^ Garde, Damian (2016-01-21). "Parexel moves to buy a pharma consulting firm". FierceBiotech. Questex. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  40. ^ "PAREXEL to Acquire ExecuPharm". Contract Pharma. Rodman Media. 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  41. ^ "Drugs trial men 'seriously ill'". BBC News. March 15, 2006. 
  42. ^ "When drug trials go horribly wrong". The International Herald Tribune. April 9, 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  43. ^ "Will Parexel Settle? TeGenero Litigation". ClinPage. March 19, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  44. ^ "Window is open for compensation in TGN1412 case". PharmaTimes. March 14, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
  45. ^ "Parexel issues statement regarding TeGenero clinical trial". 
  46. ^ Clinical trial final report, MHRA, 25 May 2006

External links[edit]