PAS domain

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PAS fold
FixL 1y28.png
Crystallographic structure of the PAS domain of the bacterial oxygen sensor protein fixL.[1] The protein is depicted as a rainbow colored cartoon (N-terminus = blue, C-terminus = red while the heme ligand is shown as sticks (carbon = white, nitrogen = blue, oxygen = red, iron = orange).
Symbol PAS
Pfam PF00989
InterPro IPR013767
SCOP 2phy

The PAS domain is a protein domain contained in many signaling proteins where it functions as a signal sensor.[2][3] PAS domains are found in a large number of organisms from bacteria to humans. The PAS domain was named after the three proteins in which it was first discovered:

Many PAS-domain proteins detect their signal by way of an associated cofactor such as heme.[4] Proteins that contain a PAS domain include Hypoxia-inducible factors.


  1. ^ PDB: 1y28​; Dunham CM, Dioum EM, Tuckerman JR, Gonzalez G, Scott WG, Gilles-Gonzalez MA (July 2003). "A distal arginine in oxygen-sensing heme-PAS domains is essential to ligand binding, signal transduction, and structure". Biochemistry 42 (25): 7701–8. doi:10.1021/bi0343370. PMID 12820879. 
  2. ^ Ponting CP, Aravind L (November 1997). "PAS: a multi-functional domain family comes to light". Curr. Biol. 7 (11): R674–7. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(06)00352-6. PMID 9382818. 
  3. ^ Hefti MH, Françoijs KJ, de Vries SC, Dixon R, Vervoort J (March 2004). "The PAS fold. A redefinition of the PAS domain based upon structural prediction". Eur. J. Biochem. 271 (6): 1198–208. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.2004.04023.x. PMID 15009198. 
  4. ^ Gilles-Gonzalez MA, Gonzalez G (February 2004). "Signal transduction by heme-containing PAS-domain proteins". J. Appl. Physiol. 96 (2): 774–83. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00941.2003. PMID 14715687.