PC-6000 series

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NEC PC-6001
NEC PC-6001 no brown seat.jpg
PC-6001 (No brown keyboard frame)
ManufacturerNEC Home Electronics
TypeHome computer
Release dateNovember 1981; 39 years ago (1981-11)
Introductory price¥89,800
Units sold150,000 (PC-6001)[1]
MediaROM Cartridge, Compact Cassette
CPUZilog Z80 compatible NEC µPD780C-1 clocked at 3.8MHz, MC6847 compatible co-processor M5C6847P-1
Memory16-32KB RAM, 20KB ROM
Display256×192 (monochrome), 128×192 (2 colors), 64×48 (9 colors), 256×128, 128×128
InputKeyboard
PredecessorNEC PC-8000
SuccessorNEC PC-6601
NEC PC-8801

The NEC PC-6000 series is a series of 8-bit home computers introduced in November 1981 by NEC Home Electronics. There are several models in this series, such as the PC-6001, the PC-6001 MK2 and the PC-6001 MK2 SR. There is also an American version, called the NEC TREK, or NEC PC-6001A. It was followed by the PC-6600 series.

Several peripherals were available for the system in North America, including an expander with three cartridge jacks (some of the cartridge-based games used two cartridges), a cassette-tape recorder, a 5.25" floppy disk drive, a printer, and a touchpad.

Development[edit]

New Nippon Electric (新日本電気, Shin Nippon Denki) was a subsidiary of NEC and a manufacturer of consumer electronics. They started manufacturing the PC-8001 and its peripherals which were developed by the Electronic Devices Group of Nippon Electric. It was successful and grew the personal computer market in Japan. They started developing a low-cost home computer, and it became the PC-6001. At the same time, the Electronic Devices Group developed the PC-8801 for home and business, and the Information Processing Group developed the PC-9801 for business market. In 1983, New Nippon Electric changed its name to NEC Home Electronics. At that time, NEC group had four personal computer lines come out from different divisions. To avoid confliction, they decided to consolidate personal computer business into two divisions; NEC Home Electronics dealt with the 8-bit home computer line, and the Information Processing Group dealt with the 16-bit personal computer line. NEC Home Electronics discontinued development of the PC-6000 series, the PC-6600 series, and the PC-8000 series. These lines were merged to the PC-8800 series.[2]

PC-6001[edit]

PC-6001 motherboard

The PC-6001 has the µPD780 processor (NEC clone of Zilog Z80), 16 KB RAM (up to 32 KB), General Instrument AY-3-8910 3-voice sound generator, a ROM Cartridge connector, a cassette tape interface, 2 x joystick port, a parallel printer connector, an RF modulator output and a composite video output. It supports four screen modes; 32x16 characters with 4 colors, 64x48 pixel graphics with 9 colors, 128x192 graphics with 4 colors, and 256x192 graphics with white and green colors. The ROM cartridge allowed the user to easily use software such as video games. The Japanese version uses a chiclet keyboard while a North American version (PC-6001A) uses a typewriter keyboard.

PC-6001mkII[edit]

PC-6001mkII

The PC-6001mkII has 64 KB memory, 16 KB video RAM, a 5¼-inch 2D floppy drive interface, Kanji character generator, RGB monitor out, speech synthesizer unit and a typewriter keyboard. It supports following screen modes; 40x20 characters, 80x80 pixel graphics with 15 colors, 160x200 graphics with 15 colors, and 320x200 graphics with 4 colors.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "日電、新日電低価格パソコン強化、7月1日から発売―漢字ROMなど装着。" [NEC and NEC-HE will reinforce low-cost personal computers shipped with Kanji ROM and release on July 1st.]. Nikkei Sangyo Shimbun. 1983-06-29. p. 6.
  2. ^ 日本電気社史編纂室 (2001-12-25). 日本電気株式会社百年史 [100 year history of NEC]. 日本電気. pp. 652–660.
Notes