Hong Kong Telecom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from PCCW Global)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

HKT Limited
  • Hong Kong Telecommunications
  • Cable & Wireless HKT
  • Hongkong Telephone Company
  • Cable & Wireless (Hong Kong)
  • 1925 (as Hongkong Telephone)
  • 1987 (as Hong Kong Telecom)
HeadquartersHong Kong
Key people
Richard Li
RevenueDecrease HK$33.3 billion (2017)
Increase HK$5.1 billion (2017)
Total assetsIncrease HK$95.4 billion (2017)
Total equitySteady HK$39 billion (2017)
Number of employees
Decrease over 15,900[1] (2020)
Footnotes / references
in consolidated financial statement[2]

HKT Limited (Chinese: 香港電訊有限公司; Cantonese Yale: Hēunggóng dihnseun yáuhhaahngūngsī), also known as Hong Kong Telecom (Chinese: 香港電訊; Cantonese Yale: Hēunggóng dihnseun), is one of the largest telecommunications companies of Hong Kong. It has a dominant position in fixed-line, mobile, IDD and broadband services in Hong Kong. HKT Group is a subsidiary of PCCW since 2000, after it was acquired from Cable & Wireless plc.

The company, along with HKT Trust (Chinese: 香港電訊信託), is a pair of listed corporations in the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, which the two corporations were bundled as one single stapled security.

Corporate identities[edit]

The former holding company of the group was Cable & Wireless HKT Limited (Chinese: 香港電訊有限公司; former ticker symbol: 8), it was a subsidiary of Cable & Wireless plc. It was taken over and privatised by PCCW in 2000.[3] PCCW also started to use the ticker symbol "8" after the takeover. Cable & Wireless HKT Limited was formerly known as Hong Kong Telecommunications Limited (Chinese: 香港電訊有限公司), which was incorporated in 1987;[4] it was renamed to Cable & Wireless HKT Limited in 1999,[4] but renamed again to PCCW-HKT Limited in 2000;[4] PCCW-HKT still use the same registered Chinese name (香港電訊有限公司) until 2011, which in the same year the Chinese name became the registered Chinese name of HKT Limited instead.[4]

PCCW-HKT had a major subsidiary PCCW-HKT Telephone Limited (Chinese: 香港電話有限公司),[5] which was incorporated in 1925 under the name Hongkong Telephone Company, Limited;[4] it was briefly known as Cable & Wireless HKT Telephone Limited (Chinese: 香港電話有限公司) from 1999 to 2000.[4] As of 31 December 2017, PCCW-HKT[2]: 80  as well as PCCW-HKT Telephone were still live, wholly owned subsidiaries of PCCW.[2]: 78  However, the telephone services is now provided by HKT's wholly owned subsidiary Hong Kong Telecommunications (HKT) Limited instead,[6] after a group restructure in 2008.[7]

In October 2011, PCCW shareholders approve a partial spin-off of the assets as HKT on the Hong Kong stock exchange (but excluding the two legal persons PCCW-HKT and PCCW-HKT Telephone). HKT is successfully listed on 29 November 2011, as HKT Limited and HKT Trust.[8][9] HKT Limited was incorporated in the Cayman Islands, while its direct parent entity, HKT Trust, was set up in Hong Kong under the laws of Hong Kong.[6]


Domestic telecommunications facilities in Hong Kong became more advanced in 1925 when the Hong Kong Telephone Company Limited (HKTC) took over the interests of John Pender's China and Japan Telephone and Electric Company. The company's mandate included providing all the British colonies with local telephone services. Over the next six decades Hong Kong Telephone's line capacity grew to more than 2.5 million, with the company serving approximately six million people.[10]

Telecommunications became increasingly important following World War I, and in 1929 the British companies Marconi Wireless and Eastern Telegraph joined to establish Cable & Wireless. The company's strategy was to supply telephone and telegraph services in Britain's colonies, and it succeeded in securing an exclusive franchise to provide international communications services in Hong Kong.[10]

By 1972 the company's biggest operation was its subsidiary in rapidly growing Hong Kong. Hong Kong Telephone, meanwhile, built a new headquarters in 1972. The company's growth was said to typify the colony's transition from an economy based on manufacturing to one dependent on service industries, which created a demand for telecommunications services. In 1975 Hong Kong Telephone's franchise for domestic service in the colony was extended for an additional 20 years, to expire just ahead of Hong Kong's reversion to China's control in 1997.[10]


Hong Kong Telephone Company[edit]

  • 1906: China and Japan Telephone and Electric Company acquired a 25-year franchised licence on fixed-line.[11]
  • 1925: China and Japan Telephone and Electric Company was acquired[12] by Hong Kong Telephone Company Limited (HKTC). The government also granted HKTC a 50 years franchised licence on telephone service.[13][14]
  • 1968: HKTC's franchise was extended for another 20 years.[14]
  • 1983: HKTC started to build their own mobile radiotelephone service, which was supplied and installed by NEC;[15] in the next year the service went public under HKTC's subsidiary Communication Services Limited[14]

Cable and Wireless (Hong Kong)[edit]

The Eastern Telegraph Company network in 1901, on the right was the Asia-Pacific network of the company
  • 1871: The predecessor of Cable & Wireless established its Hong Kong branch, for its submarine communications cables that connect from Hong Kong to Saigon, Fuzhou, Manila, Labuan and Macau[11] (or 1936 according to another source[16])
  • 1962: Cable & Wireless acquired a 25-year franchise for telephone and telegraph services[14]
  • 1981: The Hong Kong branch of Cable & Wireless plc was incorporated as Cable and Wireless (Hong Kong) Limited (later known as Hong Kong Telecom International; HKTI).[10] Hong Kong government was a minority shareholder for 20%.[16]
  • 1983: Cable and Wireless (Hong Kong) acquired 34.8% shares of HKTC from Jardine Matheson.[16]
  • 1986: Cable & Wireless also announced plans for an underwater optical fibre cable connecting Hong Kong with Japan and South Korea (a part of APCN), to become operational in 1990.[10]

Hong Kong Telecommunications[edit]

  • 1987: Cable & Wireless (Hong Kong) and Hong Kong Telephone Company merged to form a new telecommunications group, with the new holding company called Hong Kong Telecommunications Limited, replacing Hong Kong Telephone Company as a listed company on the stock exchange of Hong Kong[17][16] and as one of the constituents of Hang Seng Index (the blue-chip index of HK). Government of Hong Kong owned around 5.5% shares of the new company immediately after the merger; Cable & Wireless plc remained as the largest shareholder.[17]
  • 1990: Chinese government controlled CITIC Hong Kong acquired 20% shares of Hong Kong Telecommunications from former British state owned enterprise Cable & Wireless plc.[16]
  • 1995: HKTC's franchise expired. HKTC was one of the 4 companies to receive the new licence in local fixed-line services[14]
  • 1999: Hong Kong Telecommunications Limited was renamed to Cable & Wireless HKT;[18] the subsidiaries, HKTC was renamed to Cable & Wireless HKT Telephone Limited;[4][19] HKTI was renamed to Cable & Wireless HKT International.[4]
  • 2000: Cable & Wireless HKT was acquired by PCCW. Cable & Wireless HKT was renamed to PCCW-HKT Limited;[20] the subsidiary HKTC was renamed to PCCW-HKT Telephone Limited;[21] while HKTI was renamed to PCCW-HKT International[4]
  • 2001: the subsidiary HKTI was renamed to Reach Networks Hong Kong,[4] it became a wholly owned subsidiary of Reach Limited instead, a joint venture of PCCW and Telstra;[22] 60% stake of CSL was also sold to Telstra[23]
  • 2002: the remaining stake of CSL, the only mobile network operator of the group, was sold to Telstra
  • 2005: PCCW-HKT takeover Sunday Communications,[24][25] relaunching its mobile network operator as PCCW Mobile
  • 2007: PCCW-HKT Telephone acquired the licence of CDMA2000 mobile network operator,[26] and launched the services in the next year.[27]
  • 2008 to 2011: Hong Kong Telecommunications (HKT) Limited was incorporated; Moody's ceased to assign credit rating to PCCW-HKT Telephone Limited and assign a new rating to Hong Kong Telecommunications (HKT) Limited instead; it was reported that PCCW-HKT Telephone would become dormant.[7] In the same year, some of the subsidiaries of PCCW, were transferred to an intermediate holding company HKT Group Holdings Limited (HKTGH[28]: 42 ), for example PCCW Global, PCCW Mobile, PCCW Media, PCCW Solutions, and engineering division Cascade Limited.[28]: 166  However, PCCW re-organised HKTGH again in the eve of the 2011 IPO of HKT Limited, which some non-telecommunications businesses were spin-off from HKTGH.[28]: 167  PCCW Media and PCCW Solutions for example, were directly owned by PCCW again.[29] Also, HKTGH became a subsidiary of HKT Limited.[28]: 169 

HKT Limited[edit]

  • 2011: PCCW made HKT Limited, c/o HKT Trust, a spin-off business that separate listing on the Hong Kong stock exchange.[9]
  • 2012: HKT's PCCW Global acquired Gateway Communications, a satellite services provider[30]
  • 2014: HKT re-acquired CSL (known as its holding company CSL New World Mobility) from Telstra and New World Development; CSL and PCCW Mobile merged, with CSL as the surviving brand; the brand New World Mobility of the former CSL New World Mobility Group was renamed to Sun Mobile
  • 2017: HKT and subsidiary PCCW Global jointly-acquired Console Connect, a provider of global interconnection solution.[31][non-primary source needed]

HKT (Hong Kong Telecom)[edit]

HKT Group Holdings Limited was formed in 2008 to hold the telecommunications services, media and IT businesses of the PCCW Group, a reorganization designed to improve the Group's operational efficiencies.[28]: 166  HKT and its predecessor PCCW-HKT, was the first quadruple play provider in Hong Kong, offering media content and services for fixed-line, broadband Internet, TV and mobile. PCCW acquired HKT, at that time known as Cable & Wireless HKT, in February 2000 from Cable & Wireless.[32]

Main business and subsidiaries[edit]

HKT Shop in Sha Tin, Hong Kong

Commercial and international business[edit]

The HKT Commercial Group provides ICT services to small, medium and large enterprises. The group managed the installation of Asia's largest IP-enabled network for securities and derivatives markets, built for Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited and known as SDNet. It includes an electronic passport system, known as e-PASS, and the Smart Identity Card system for the Hong Kong SAR Government.[33]

Emergency telephone along a mountain trail


Netvigator is a residential and commercial Internet service provider in Hong Kong, a brand of HKT Limited. It is Hong Kong's largest Internet service provider (ISP).[34][35]

csl, 1O1O, Club SIM[edit]

CSL Mobile is an HKT subsidiary, which operates mobile network brands of "csl", "1O1O" and "Club SIM" in Hong Kong.[36] CSL, at that time incorporated as CSL New World Mobility, was re-acquired by PCCW via HKT in 2013. After the 2013 acquisition, HKT also merged PCCW Mobile HK into CSL. CSL was sold by PCCW in 2001, while PCCW Mobile HK, formerly SUNDAY, was acquired by PCCW in 2005–06.

SUN Mobile[edit]

SUN Mobile, formerly New World Mobility, is a joint venture of HKT Limited and Telecom Digital [zh]. It was a former joint venture of CSL New World Mobility and Telecom Digital. In 2013 CSL New World Mobility was acquired by PCCW via HKT Limited, from Telstra and New World Development, thus the mobile virtual network operator was re-branded as SUN Mobile.

HKT Teleservices[edit]

  • HKT Teleservices, a subsidiary of HKT– formerly PCCW Teleservices, a contact centers and business process outsourcing provider[37],[citation needed] operates a contact centre outsourcing business along with an operation in the U.S. It handles inbound and outbound calls, emails and other transactions for customers.[38][39][non-primary source needed]

PCCW Global[edit]

PCCW Global (formerly Beyond The Network America[40][non-primary source needed]) is the international operating division of HKT Limited.[41][non-primary source needed] It was owned by PCCW's sub-holding company HKT Group Holdings Limited (HKTGH) since 2008[28]: 166  and HKT Limited since its IPO in 2011.[28]: 167 

PCCW Global acquired Gateway Communications in 2012[30] and Console Connect in 2017.[31][42][non-primary source needed][non-primary source needed]

YouTube incident[edit]

On 24 February 2008, Pakistan Telecom caused a major interruption of access to the video-sharing website YouTube.[44][45][46][47] Pakistani Government authorities instructed Pakistan Telecom (PTCL) to prevent access to YouTube within Pakistan. PTCL complied by changing the BGP entry for YouTube – essentially updating its local internet address book for where YouTube's section of the internet is. The idea was to direct its internet users to a page that said YouTube was blocked. Unfortunately, the ISP announced the new route to its Internet link provider, PCCW.[48] PCCW had recently provided temporary access to PTCL in order to restore the nation's loss of internet access due to a previous major submarine cable break event. PTCL began leaking the BGP announcement to PCCW prior to PCCW's completion of the BGP validation and filtering policies process on the newly activated link. This allowed the announcement to propagate to other networks.[49]

Once detected, PCCW immediately blocked the leaked announcement from PTCL and access to YouTube was restored within 2 hours. [50][51]

HKT Interactive Media (PCCW Media)[edit]

now TV[edit]

now TV is an IPTV and pay-TV provider in Hong Kong delivered by PCCW Media. now TV serves Hong Kong with more than 190 channels of local, Asian and international programming, such as the English Premier League, Spanish La Liga, Italian Serie A, French Ligue 1, J-League, French Open, ATP World Tour, and World Snooker Tour. In addition, now TV is a producer of news, sports and infotainment programming and a provider of interactive services. nowTV can be viewed on its nowTV app, and select now TV content and interactive applications can also be accessed via the group's 4G mobile network and broadband service.[52]

The Club[edit]

a Hong Kong customer loyalty program.[53][54]

HKT Payment Limited[edit]

the developer of "Tap & Go", a prepaid mobile payment service for Hong Kong users.[55][56]

Brands and services

Former service[edit]

  • Cascade

PCCW announced the formation of wholly owned subsidiary Cascade Limited (traditional Chinese: 萃鋒有限公司; simplified Chinese: 萃锋有限公司) in late 2002 t0 2008,[63][64][65] [66] It was reported that the staff were offered a wage-cut in the new contract.[63][66] .The name of Cascade is removed from now on, become a part of HKT and named as "Engineering", a business unit of HKT, simply like Commercial group of PCCW. All staff in Cascade had transferred to HKT without changing.

[67]),[28]: 166  However, due to 2011 initial public offering of HKT Limited, some of the subsidiaries of HKTGH (which HKTGH was a wholly owned subsidiary of HKT Limited[68]: 101 ) still have use the name cascade or pccw in their name due to law and finance reasons ,although they wholly owned subsidiaries of HKT.[28]: 167 [29] A namesake, Mainland China-incorporated "PCCW Cascade Technology (Guangzhou) Limited" (Chinese: 广州电讯盈科萃锋科技有限公司) is a wholly owned subsidiary of HKT Limited.[69]


In 2018, it was exposed that HKT breached the land leases for 4 of their telephone exchange buildings. They were illegally converted to customers service centers.[70]


  1. ^ "The Group at the website of "HKT Here to Serve"".
  2. ^ a b c "2017 Annual Report" (PDF). HKT Limited c/o HKT Trust. 28 March 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018 – via Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing website.
  3. ^ "Telecommunications Authority makes interconnection determination to implement IDD liberalisation". Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Data in Hong Kong Companies Registry
  5. ^ Report on the competition impact of the acquisition of shares in SUNDAY by PCCW (PDF). Hong Kong: Office of the Communications Authority. 5 July 2005. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b 2016 Annual Report (PDF). HKT Trust c/o HKT Limited. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2018 – via Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing website.
  7. ^ a b "Rating Action: Moody's assigns Baa2 rating to HKT; outlook negative" (Press release). Moody's. 28 November 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  8. ^ "HKT TRUST AND HKT LTD. – SS (6823)". Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  9. ^ a b "PCCW spin-off raises HK$9.3b in global I.P.O." South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 30. St. James Press, 2000.
  11. ^ a b 趙雨樂; 鍾寶賢; 李澤恩, eds. (2017) [written in Japanese circa 1920s]. 香港要覽(外三種) [Hong Kong crucial guide book plus three other sources] (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Translated by 梁英杰; 高翔; 樊敏麗. Joint Publishing (Hong Kong). p. 101. ISBN 978-962-04-3454-9.
  12. ^ "Telephone Question. Terms new agreed upon. Must be confirm by council". The Hong Kong Telegraph. 19 February 1925. p. 1 – via Hong Kong Public Libraries MMIS.
  13. ^ 鄭, 宏泰; 高, 皓 (11 July 2016). 白手興家:香港家族與社會 1841–1941 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Chung Hwa Book Company (Hong Kong). p. 210. ISBN 9789888420230.
  14. ^ a b c d e "Telecom Milestones". Hong Kong: Office of the Telecommunications Authority. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  15. ^ 電話今後六年 投資逾五十億 將發展流動無線電電話 [Telephone will invest 5 billion in the next 6 years; will develop mobile radiotelephone]. The Kung Sheung Evening News (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong: Industrial and Commercial Daily Press. 30 March 1983 – via Hong Kong Public Libraries MMIS.
  16. ^ a b c d e 郭國燦 (October 2009). 香港中資財團 (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). pp. 218–219. ISBN 9789620428869.
  17. ^ a b 電話與大東電報合併 改名為香港電訊上市 兩股電話換一新公司股份另五送一股證 合併後總市值八百多億成本港最大上市公司. Ta Kung Pao (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong. 20 October 1987 – via Hong Kong Public Libraries MMIS.
  18. ^ "Hong Kong: Telecoms and technology background". Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Broadband Interconnection" (PDF). Hong Kong: Office of the Communications Authority. 3 November 1999. p. 7. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  20. ^ "Milestones of Telecommunications in Hong Kong". Archived from the original on 8 July 2009.
  21. ^ "Technology News, Analysis, Comments and Product Reviews for IT Professionals". ZDNet.
  22. ^ "Continuing connected transactions" (PDF) (Press release). Pacific Century Premium Developments. 23 December 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2019 – via Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing website.
  23. ^ "Telstra and PCCW Launch Joint Ventures" (PDF) (Press release). Reach. 7 February 2001. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  24. ^ Lau, Justine (13 June 2005). Written at Hong Kong. "PCCW returns to wireless with Sunday buy". Financial Times. London. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  25. ^ Lee, Mark; Wong, Ka-chun (14 June 2005). "PCCW returns to mobiles with $1.94b bid for Sunday". The Standard. Hong Kong: Sing Tao News Corporation. Archived from the original on 9 March 2006. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  26. ^ "Results of spectrum auction for provision of CDMA2000 mobile services" (Press release). Hong Kong: Office of the Telecommunications Authority. 15 October 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  27. ^ Editor, ChinaTechNews com (23 November 2008). "Hong Kong's CDMA2000 Mobile Network Finally Launched". {{cite web}}: |last= has generic name (help)
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i Global Offering (PDF) (prospectus). HKT Limited c/o HKT Trust. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2020 – via Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing website.
  29. ^ a b 2011 Annual Report (PDF) (Report). Hong Kong: PCCW. 26 March 2012. pp. 97–98. Retrieved 18 March 2019 – via Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing website.
  30. ^ a b "VODACOM Gateway unit sold for $26m". Independent Online. Cape Town: Independent Media (Pty) Ltd. Bloomberg. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  31. ^ a b c "Console Connect Acquired" (Press release). PCCW Global. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  32. ^ "HK Telecom profit falls 90%". CNN. 4 May 2000. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  33. ^ "PCCW wins ID card contract".
  34. ^ "More wireless hotspots open for Netvigator". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  35. ^ "HKT unleashes more ultra-fast broadband connections in Hong Kong". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  36. ^ "CSL Mobile Limited: Private Company Information – Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  37. ^ "About Us". Hong Kong: HKT Teleservices. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  38. ^ "Global Footprint | HKT Teleservices". www.hktteleservices.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  39. ^ "Customer Care | HKT Teleservices". www.hktteleservices.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  40. ^ "DMCA". PCCW Global. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  41. ^ "PCCW Global to link Rodrigues with high speed undersea cable for Mauritius Telecom" (Press release). Hong Kong: PCCW Global. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  42. ^ "PCCW Global to link Rodrigues with high speed undersea cable for Mauritius Telecom" (Press release). Hong Kong: PCCW Global. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  43. ^ Oct 20, david nunes |; Releases, 2014 | Press (20 October 2014). "PCCW Global acquires Crypteia Networks to address cyber security issues facing most organisations today". Connect-World. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  44. ^ McCullagh, Declan, "How Pakistan knocked YouTube offline (and how to make sure it never happens again) ", CNET News, 25 February 2008.
  45. ^ YouTube/Pakistan incident: Could something similar whack your site? Archived 24 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Networkworld.com (10 March 2008). Retrieved on 23 December 2013.
  46. ^ "Pakistan Hijacks YouTube: A Closer Look", Circleid.com (25 February 2008). Retrieved on 23 December 2013.
  47. ^ "Pakistan YouTube incident adds to international outage", Betanews.com (25 February 2008). Retrieved on 23 December 2013.
  48. ^ Singel, Ryan (25 February 2008). "Pakistan's Accidental YouTube Re-Routing Exposes Trust Flaw in Net". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  49. ^ "Insecure routing redirects YouTube to Pakistan". Ars Technica. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  50. ^ "YouTube outage blamed on Pakistan". BBC News. 24 February 2008. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  51. ^ Stiennon, Richard (24 February 2008). "Pakistan removed from the Internet". Threat Chaos. ZDNet. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  52. ^ "TV Everywhere Comes To Asia". Media Business Asia. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  53. ^ "The Club rewards HKT Premier customers for their loyalty". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  54. ^ "The Club | An exciting rewards program | Offers you a variety of events and privileges to meet your lifestyle and entertainment needs". www.theclub.com.hk. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  55. ^ "HKT debuts Tap & Go NFC payment service". ComputerWorld Hong Kong. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  56. ^ "Hong Kong's HKT expands mobile payment service as part of fintech push". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  57. ^ 香港電訊檢討固網月費. The Sun (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong: Oriental Press Group. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  58. ^ 被游說裝 eye多媒睇得物無所用. Apple Daily (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong. 17 August 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  59. ^ "About Us". Hong Kong: PPS. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  60. ^ 繳費靈4戶口被盜15萬 17歲少年 承認46項罪 判教導所. Apple Daily (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong. 5 September 2007. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  61. ^ "Lingering legacy of iTV". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  62. ^ "iTV chief expects to break even in 2 years". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 21 October 1998. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  63. ^ a b 任志楊 (18 November 2002). 電盈重組網絡管理搶攻亞洲可能涉及裁員減薪 [Restructuring of PCCW leading to cutting down on staff number]. 太陽報 [The Sun ]. Oriental Press Group. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  64. ^ "Cascade Limited: About Us". Cascade. 2003. Archived from the original on 18 February 2008. Retrieved 18 March 2008.
  65. ^ "Cascade Limited: Private Company Information". Bloomberg. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  66. ^ a b "PCCW'S STAFF IN CASCADE". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 30 November 2002. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  67. ^ Taylor, Michael (14 June 2005). "Hi-tech approach helps to raise the quality of service". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. Retrieved 11 March 2019.
  68. ^ 2011 Annual Report (PDF) (Report). Hong Kong: HKT Limited c/o HKT Trust. 26 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2019 – via Hong Kong Exchanges and Clearing website.
  69. ^ "Continuing connected transactions: Lease and Licence Agreements" (PDF) (Press release). Hong Kong: Pacific Century Premium Developments. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  70. ^ "HKT slapped with warning after four service centres found in breach of land leases". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. 15 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.