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The PCI/104-Express™ specification establishes a standard to use the high-speed PCI Express bus in embedded applications. It was developed by the PC/104 Consortium and adopted by member vote in March 2008. PCI Express was chosen because of its market adoption, performance, scalability, and growing silicon availability worldwide. It provides a new high-performance physical interface while retaining software compatibility with the existing PCI infrastructure.
Incorporating the PCI Express bus within the industry proven PC/104 architecture brings many advantages for embedded applications including fast data transfer, low cost due to PC/104’s unique self-stacking bus, high reliability due to PC/104’s inherent ruggedness, and long-term sustainability.
There are two versions of the specification that are complementary. The main difference is that Type 2 replaces the PCI Express x16 link with SATA, USB 3.0, LPC, and RTC battery.
Both Type 1 and Type 2 have this common feature set and pin assignments:
- Four x1 PCI Express Links
- Two USB 2.0
- ATX power and control signals: +5V Standby, Power supply on, Power OK
- Power: +3.3V, +5V, +12V
Type 1 has the common feature set plus:
- One x16 PCI Express Link, or optionally two x8 Links, two x4 PCI Express Links, or two SDVO
Type 2 has the common feature set plus:
- Two x4 PCI Express Links
- Two USB 3.0
- Two SATA
- LPC Bus
- RTC Battery