PDM (cycling team)

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PDM
Team information
UCI code PDM
Registered Netherlands
Founded 1986 (1986)
Disbanded 1992
Discipline Road
Team name history
1986–1989
1990–1991
1992
PDM–Ultima–Concorde
PDM–Concorde–Ultima
PDM–Ultima–Concorde
PDM (cycling team) jersey
Jersey

PDM (UCI team code: PDM) was a Dutch professional cycling team from 1986 until the end of 1992. Gin-MG was co-sponsor in Spanish races and Cidona was co-sponsor in the 1991 Nissan Classic. The team was sponsored by Philips Dupont Magnetics, a joint venture between the electronics company, Philips, and the chemical company, DuPont. The team rode Concorde bicycles, manufactured in Italy, by several builders.

History[edit]

Roy Schuiten was team manager and Jan Gisbers directeur sportif in 1986. Gisbers took over as the team manager the following year and remained until 1992. He was joined by Piet van der Kruijs and Ferdi van den Haute. The team was owned by Manfred Krikke, of Veltec Rentmeester.

The team was successful in classics and had a rider second overall in the Tour de France in 1987 with Pedro Delgado and 1988 with Steven Rooks. It also had third place with Erik Breukink in 1990. It won the Tour team classification in 1988 and 1989. PDM rider Gert-Jan Theunisse was second in the 1988 Tour de France, battling former PDM teammate Pedro Delgado, when he tested positive for testosterone and received a 10-minute penalty.[1]

The team dropped out of the 1991 Tour de France with reported food poisoning[2] Team members and team doctor Wim Sanders said in a TV documentary in 2008 [3] that the cause was careless storage of Intralipid, a nutritional aid with which riders had been injected.[4] The team continued one more year, after which the sponsor sold the team to Festina.

Doping affair[edit]

In November 1997 Cyclingnews.com reported an inquiry in The Netherlands.[5] which appeared to reveal doping in the PDM team. Wim Sanders, the doctor from 1990 to 1991, was the centre of the investigation, which was initiated when the general manager of the team, Manfred Krikke, called the Fiscal Information and Investigation Service to investigate. It was said Sanders supplied anabolic steroids and EPO to the team and was responsible for the intralipid affair of the 1991 Tour de France.[5] According to cyclingnews.com, 1990 was the height of the drug taking in the team and two riders stopped with heart problems;[5] whether this refers to stopping professional cycling or performance-enhancing drugs was unclear. Gisbers denied knowledge of doping.[4]

Team Riders[edit]

1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
 David Akam (GBR)  Adri van der Poel (NED)  Adri van der Poel (NED)  Raúl Alcalá (MEX)  Raúl Alcalá (MEX)  Raúl Alcalá (MEX)  Raúl Alcalá (MEX)
 Wim Arras (BEL)  Wim Arras (BEL)  Wim Arras (BEL)  Martin Earley (IRE)  Martin Earley (IRE)  Martin Earley (IRE)  Martin Earley (IRE)
 Mariano Magdaleno (ESP)  José Martinez (ESP)  Vincent Barteau (FRA)  Sean Kelly (IRE)  Sean Kelly (IRE)  Sean Kelly (IRE)  Mario Kummer (GER)
 René Beuker (NED)  René Beuker (NED)  Johannes Draaijer (NED)  Johannes Draaijer (NED)  Johannes Draaijer (NED)  Tom Cordes (NED)  Tom Cordes (NED)
 Henk Boeve (NED)  Henk Boeve (NED)  Andy Bishop (USA)  Andy Bishop (USA)  Erik Breukink (NED)  Erik Breukink (NED)  Erik Breukink (NED)
 Jonathan Boyer (USA)  Gert-Jan Theunisse (NED)  Gert-Jan Theunisse (NED)  Gert-Jan Theunisse (NED)  Uwe Ampler (GER)  Falk Boden (GER)  Falk Boden (GER)
 Pedro Delgado (ESP)  Pedro Delgado (ESP)  Greg LeMond (USA)  Nico Verhoeven (NED)  Nico Verhoeven (NED)  Nico Verhoeven (NED)  Nico Verhoeven (NED)
 Peter Hoondert (NED)  Peter Hoondert (NED)  Peter Hoondert (NED)  Peter Hoondert (NED)  Peter Hoondert (NED)  Thomas Dürst (GER)  Thomas Dürst (GER)
 Gerrie Knetemann (NED)  Gerrie Knetemann (NED)  Gerrie Knetemann (NED)  Gerrie Knetemann (NED)  Maarten den Bakker (NED)  Maarten den Bakker (NED)  Maarten den Bakker (NED)
 Hans Langerijs (NED)  Hans Daams (NED)  Hans Daams (NED)  Hans Daams (NED)  Uwe Raab (GER)  Uwe Raab (GER)  Uwe Raab (GER)
 Stefan Mutter (SUI)  Stefan Mutter (SUI)  Stefan Mutter (SUI)  John Van den Akker (NED)  John Van den Akker (NED)  John Van den Akker (NED)  John Van den Akker (NED)
 Steven Rooks (NED)  Steven Rooks (NED)  Steven Rooks (NED)  Steven Rooks (NED)  Gerhard Zadrobilek (AUT)  Andreas Walzer (GER)  Andreas Walzer (GER)
 Jan Siemons (NED)  Jan Siemons (NED)  Rudy Dhaenens (BEL)  Rudy Dhaenens (BEL)  Rudy Dhaenens (BEL)  Jean-Paul van Poppel (NED)  Jean-Paul van Poppel (NED)
 Hennie Stamsnijder (NED)  Hennie Stamsnijder (NED)  Hennie Stamsnijder (NED)  Hennie Stamsnijder (NED)  Harald Maier (AUT)  Harald Maier (AUT)  Harald Maier (AUT)
 Peter Stevenhagen (NED)  Peter Stevenhagen (NED)  Peter Stevenhagen (NED)  John Vos (NED)  John Vos (NED)  John Vos (NED)  John Vos (NED)
 Fritz Van Bindsbergen (NED)  Henri Manders (NED)  Frank Kersten (NED)  Frank Kersten (NED)  Frank Kersten (NED)  Martin Hendriks (NED)  Martin Hendriks (NED)
 Marc Van Orsouw (NED)  Marc Van Orsouw (NED)  Marc Van Orsouw (NED)  Marc Van Orsouw (NED)  Marc Van Orsouw (NED)  Jans Koerts (NED)  Jans Koerts (NED)
 Jan Van Wijk (NED)  Jörg Müller (SUI)  Jörg Müller (NED)  Jörg Müller (SUI)  Danny Nelissen (NED)  Danny Nelissen (NED)  Danny Nelissen (NED)
 Gerard Veldscholten (NED)  Gerard Veldscholten (NED)  Atle Pedersen (NOR)  Atle Pedersen (NOR)  Atle Pedersen (NOR)  John Talen (NED)  John Talen (NED)
19 Riders  Marc Dierickx (BEL)  Marc Dierickx (BEL)  Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR)  Dirk De Wolf (BEL)  Peter Van Petegem (BEL)  Peter Van Petegem (BEL)
20 Riders  Dag Erik Pedersen (NOR) 20 Riders  Gert Jakobs (NED)  Gert Jakobs (NED)  Gert Jakobs (NED)
21 Riders  Jos van Aert (NED)  Jos van Aert (NED)  Jos van Aert (NED)
22 Riders 22 Riders  Kai Hundertmarck (GER)
23 Riders

Major wins[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Drugs and Tour de France". Association of British Cycling Coaches. Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 
  2. ^ "Illness Forces Breukink out of Tour". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on November 22, 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 
  3. ^ "De bedorven kip van PDM, in Andere Tijden; broadcast on Jan 17, 2008". NOS/VPRO, Dutch public television. Retrieved 2008-04-01.  (in Dutch)
  4. ^ a b "The Dutch Doping Scandal – Part 3". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 
  5. ^ a b c "Drug Scandal in the Netherlands". cyclingnews.com. Retrieved 2007-11-11.