PFC Cherno More Varna
|Full name||Professional football club Cherno More Varna|
|Short name||Cherno More|
|Founded||March 3, 1913|
|Ground||Ticha Stadium, Varna|
|2014–15||A Group, 8th|
|Website||Club home page|
PFC Cherno More Varna (Bulgarian: ПФК Черно Море Варна), or simply Cherno More (Bulgarian: ФК Черно Море) is a Bulgarian professional football club from the city of Varna, currently playing in Bulgaria's top football league, the A Group. Founded in 1913 as SK Ticha, the club has spent the majority of its existence in the top tier of Bulgarian football, and has never dropped below the country's second tier.
Cherno more means Black Sea in Bulgarian, and the club is nicknamed the Sailors. Cherno More's home ground is the Ticha Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 8,250 spectators. To date, the club has won the championship four times and the Bulgarian Cup once.
- 1 History
- 2 Stadium
- 3 Statistics and records
- 4 Current squad
- 5 UEFA ranking
- 6 Club officials
- 7 Coaches history
- 8 Notable players
- 9 Honours
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Оn March 3, 1913, Varna's naval academy for men became the birth place of association football in the country. Here is created the Galata sports association, which later on, in 1913, by the suggestion of a school teacher named Karel Shkorpil, changed its name to Reka Ticha, using the former name of the Kamchia river. Over the next years, it slowly combined with the Sportist sports club and grew into an association of the education, a sports club and the tourism in Varna. The football department of the sports club dominated against all of the clubs in the city, whose existence is quite short. Soon, the first official football match of Ticha, played in 1915, with the 21st Pomeranski polk is a success, and 2 years later, in 1917, so is the first inter-city match. The growth of Bulgarian football required knowledge of the rules, so in 1919, Ticha published for the first time in Bulgaria the book: "Football - rules and admonitions".
Significant were the first meetings between Ticha and the capital teams. In early 1919, the first away game against Levski Sofia was celebrated with the first away victory for the team - 4-1. The same went for Slavia Sofia, a 3-0 win. On the return game as guests, the players again won easy against Slavia Sofia with 1-0. Unfortunately, the game with Levski Sofia didn't take place, because the city mayor didn't allow it, since there were protests from dock workers the same day. However, these victories against the capital teams were continued not only by Ticha, but from the city rivals Vladislav and Shipchenski Sokol as well.
On January 21, 1919, the association changed its name to Sports Club Ticha, and the kit colours of the outfit were chosen to be red and white. The same year, the famous Bulgarian musician Nikola Nitsov wrote the official anthem of the club.
In 1925, the international successes came nearby. SC Ticha won the Cup of Bucharest, the first international football trophy won by a football club from Bulgaria. The European matches of Ticha easily earned the 1st place of favor among most of the football fans in Varna. The same and the following year, SC Ticha made another remarkable achievement, twice winning the football title of Bulgaria. A few years later, the club managed to finish in 2nd place in the 1934–35 and in the 1935–36 season. Soon, in 1937, the football governing body in the country created the National Football Division. Several reforms were made in the football clubs, but during the two half-seasons in 1937–38, Ticha dominated and it was one of the best football teams in Bulgaria, despite finishing the table in the 2nd place at the end of the season.
Communist era (1944-89)
With the establishment of the Communist rule in Bulgaria after WWII, there were significant changes taking place on the country’s football map as well. Many football clubs were merged or acquired by others, others were dissolved, and new ones were created. The majority of the clubs were attached to government organizations or nationalized factories, often renamed so the new names would be suggestive of the club’s affiliation to Communist party’s institutions. Football clubs in Varna were no exception. In 1945, the two former city club rivals, SC Ticha and FC Vladislav merged to establish a new club, named TV-45 (a few years later SC Primorec was also invited to join TV-45 so the name of the association was changed to "TVP".). This marked the creation of a new sports association, which met the development requirements of the leading communist authorities at that time. In the following years, due to these requirements, the club's name was forced to be changed several times to Botev pri DNA (1948–50), VMS (1950–55), SCNA (1956–57), ASC Botev Varna (1957–59). Botev pri DNA was part of A Group’s inaugural season in 1948–49, when the team finished sixth. During the period when Varna was renamed Stalin by the Communist government, the team was participating as VMS Stalin, where VMS stands for the Bulgarian Navy. In 1953 VMS finished 3rd in A Group. The club settled at the name Cherno More in 1959 and it hasn’t been changed since.
Cherno More spend sixteen consecutive seasons in Bulgaria’s top flight between 1961 and 1976 and 27 in total between 1961 and 1990, but failed to achieve any major honors in a league heavily dominated by teams based in the country’s capital. The club’s affiliation with the Navy meant Cherno More was a satellite team to the Bulgarian Army’s poster team CSKA Sofia, and many of the club’s top players joined CSKA for their compulsory military service. As a result, despite many generations of talented footballers and the massive popularity among the fans in Varna and huge attendances, reaching 40 000 spectators for home fixtures at Yuri Gagarin Stadium, the team never qualified for European football through the league or the Cup.
The 90s struggle
The fall of socialism in Bulgaria in 1989 and the establishment of democracy brought new hardships for the Bulgarian football clubs. The transition from state backed organizations to privately owned entities saw many traditional football clubs disappear entirely, while others were forced to declare bankruptcy, only to return later by obtaining smaller clubs licenses. Cherno More avoided any administrative changes and kept its name and history, but spend the majority of the decade in the league’s second tier, facing immense financial difficulties and, at one point during season 1998-99, relegation to the 3rd level of the Bulgarian football pyramid for the first time in the club’s history.
The new millennium saw the club establishing itself in the country's top flight, after the Sailors spent the majority of the 90s in Bulgaria's second tier before securing promotion at the end of the 1999-2000 season, ending a six consecutive seasons spell in B Group. Cherno More survived minor relegation scares in their first two seasons back in A Group and then went on to become a regular feature in the league's top half.
In the 2007-08 season, the Sailors finished 5th in A Group and qualified for the last season of the UEFA Cup, due to the license problems of CSKA Sofia. Led by their captain Alex they had a very successful run - they defeated UE Sant Julia from Andora in the first qualifying round (9-0 on aggregate) and Maccabi Netanya from Israel in the second qualifying round (3-1 on aggregate). Cherno More then challenged German side VfB Stuttgart in the 1st round and were eliminated after a 1-2 loss at home and a surprising 2-2 draw in Stuttgart. The same season in the domestic league was also very successful for the team, which finished 3rd in A Group, and qualified for the newly created Europa League.
Cherno More started the new 2009-10 season with the debut of the team in the UEFA Europa League. The sailors defeated Iskra-Stal in the second qualifying round (4-0 on aggregate) and were drawn to play against the Dutch powerhouse PSV Eindhoven in the third qualifying round. The team from Varna was eliminated after a 0-1  loss at Eindhoven and another 0-1  loss at the Lazur Stadium in Burgas.
After failing to impress in the seasons after finishing 3rd in 2008-09, the club saw a successful run in the Bulgarian Cup during the 2014-15 season, defeating Sozopol, Slavia Sofia, Lokomotiv Gorna Oryahovitsa, and Lokomotiv Plovdiv on the road to the final against Levski Sofia at the Lazur Stadium in Burgas. Despite being down to ten men since the 39th minute and trailing 0-1, the team managed to equalize in the added time through Bacari's volley and went on to win the Cup after Mathias Coureur's stunning strike in the 118th minute, winning the club's first post-World War II trophy.
Chronology of the names
|1948–50||Botev pri DNA|
|1959–69||ASC Cherno More|
|1969–85||FSVD Cherno More|
|2000–01||A Group||10||26||7||5||14||20||49||26||Round of 16|
|2001–02||A Group||11||40||12||11||17||47||51||35*||Round of 16||Relegation Group|
|2002–03||A Group||6||26||14||6||6||42||21||48||Round of 16|
|2003–04||A Group||6||30||10||8||12||45||53||38||Round of 16|
|2004–05||A Group||8||30||10||5||15||30||38||35||Round of 32|
|2006–07||A Group||6||30||14||5||11||37||29||47||Round of 16|
|2008–09||A Group||3||30||18||6||6||48||19||63||Round of 32|
|2011–12||A Group||7||30||16||4||10||46||25||52||Round of 32|
|2012–13||A Group||10||30||9||8||13||33||39||35||Round of 16|
|2013–14||A Group||6||38||14||12||12||40||33||54||Round of 16||Championship Group|
|2014–15||A Group||8||32||15||5||12||42||36||50||Winner||Relegation Group|
*Points deducted from all teams after completing the first phase of campaign.
Championship/Relegation groups are constituted after all teams have played each other home and away.
|2007||UEFA Intertoto Cup||2R||Makedonija GP||4–0||3–0||7–0|
|2008–09||UEFA Cup||1Q||UE Sant Julià||4–0||5–0||9–0|
|2009–10||UEFA Europa League||2Q||Iskra-Stal||1–0||3–0||4–0|
|2015–16||UEFA Europa League||2Q||Dinamo Minsk||–||–||–|
Ticha Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Varna, Bulgaria. It is currently used for football matches and is the home ground of Cherno More. It is situated in the north-eastern part of Varna. Built in 1968, the stadium currently has a capacity of 12,500 seating places, spread in two opposite stands. The main north stand has a roof cover and holds 7,000 spectators, while the opposite south stand has a seating capacity of 5,500 spectators. The south stand is commonly used by the Cherno More ultras and the away fans. The current stadium was built with the help of hundreds of volunteers and fans of the club.
It was officially announced, that the club will move to a new stadium, which will replace the unused Yuri Gagarin Stadium and the current Ticha. The stadium will have a capacity of 30,000 spectators. The stadium, as part of Sport Complex Varna, will have an underground parking area, convertible roof covers, office lounges, two-tier stands and four 50 meter towers, which will block the pressure of the terrain and bring the stadium in a shape of a ship. The convertible roof covers will be made of transparent panels, which will allow the light of the floodlights to stream inside the pitch on a night match. The venue will be awarded with an Elite Stadium rating by UEFA.
Statistics and records
Cherno More's all-time leading scorer is Stefan Bogomilov, who scored 161 goals for the club (from 1962 to 1977). The club's second highest scorer is Nikola Dimitrov, who scored 63 goals. Bogomilov also holds the club record of 4 hat tricks. Brazilian player Marcos Da Silva holds the club's and A Group's record for the fastest goal - 12 seconds after the referee's first signal, against Chernomorets Burgas Sofia on April 6, 2007.
Cherno More's biggest victories in A Group are the 8-0 wins against Cherveno Zname Pavlikeni in 1955 and Maritsa Plovdiv in 1968. Cherno More's largest defeat, 1–8, was against Lokomotiv Plovdiv in 2004. Also, the club's win against UE Sant Julia, 5-0, in 2008, was the largest European win in the club's history.
For recent transfers, see Transfers summer 2015.
Up to three non-EU nationals can be registered and given a squad number for the first team in the A PFG. Those non-EU nationals with European ancestry can claim citizenship from the nation their ancestors came from. If a player does not have European ancestry he can claim Bulgarian citizenship after playing in Bulgaria for 5 years.
EU Nationals (Dual citizenship)
The association coefficient for the 2015–16 season is applied.
Board of directors
|Technical director||Marin Marinov|
|Director of Communications||Krasimir Nikolov|
|Director of Recruitment||Todor Velikov|
Current technical body
|Assistant Manager||Emanuil Lukanov|
|Goalkeeper Coach||Stoyan Stavrev|
|Fitness coach||Veselin Markov|
- For all players with a Wikipedia article see Category:PFC Cherno More Varna players.
- Winners (4): 1925, 1926, 1934, (as SC Vladislav Varna) and 1938 (as Ticha Varna)
- Runners-up (2): 1935, 1936 (as Ticha Varna)
- Third-place (1): 1939 (as Ticha Varna)
- Third place (2): 1953, 2009
Cup of the Soviet Army (unofficial tournament)
- Runners-up (2): 1985, 1988
- Winners (1): 1925 (as Ticha Varna)
- Marin Mitev: We want the title Sportni.bg. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "Cherno More with new win against Sant Julia". Football24.bg. Retrieved 2008-08-01.
- "PSV will face Cherno More from Bulgaria". psv.nl. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
- PSV Eindhoven – PFC Cherno More Varna : 1–0 Match report from Scorespro.com
- PFC Cherno More Varna - PSV Eindhoven : 0–1 Match report from Scorespro.com
- "Varna Stadium". Sportcomplexvarna.com.
- Official websites
- Supporters websites