PFI Convention

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The PFI Convention is a multilateral treaty between the old and new member states of the European Union on the topic of fraud and came into force on 17 October 2002.

The full name of the treaty is the Convention on the protection of the European Communities' financial interests. It was introduced by the Council Act of 26 July 1995 drawing up the Convention on the protection of the European Communities' financial interests.[1]

This convention harmonised the legal definition and criminal liability of fraud and replaced the old European treaties on fraud. It creates a unified definition of fraud, and signatory states have to ensure that criminal sanctions are in effect for it.[2] All EU Member states have ratified the convention, and it is available for accession by any future incoming EU member state.[3][4]

The convention was replaced by the PFI Directive in all member states except Denmark and the United Kingdom, which have opt-outs, with effect from 6 July 2019.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Council Act of 26 July 1995 drawing up the Convention on the protection of the European Communities' financial interests". Official Journal of the European Union. 38 (C 316): 48–57. 27 November 1995.
  2. ^ Convention, art. 1
  3. ^ "Convention drawn up on the basis of Article K.3 of the Treaty on European Union, on the protection of the European Communities' financial interests". Council of the European Union. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
  4. ^ "Protecting the EU's financial interests - fight against fraud". eur-lex.europa.eu.
  5. ^ "Directive (EU) 2017/1371 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2017 on the fight against fraud to the Union's financial interests by means of criminal law". Official Journal of the European Union. 2017-07-28. Retrieved 2018-05-29.