PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin
|PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin|
|Argued January 17, 2001
Decided May 29, 2001
|Full case name||PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin|
|Citations||532 U.S. 661 (more)|
|Prior history||Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit|
|Subsequent history||204 F. 3d 994, affirmed.|
|The PGA Tour is required to adhere to the Americans with Disabilities Act|
|Majority||Stevens, joined by Rehnquist, O'Connor, Kennedy, Souter, Ginsburg, Breyer|
|Dissent||Scalia, joined by Thomas|
|Americans with Disabilities Act|
PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin, 532 U.S. 661 (2001), was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States involving the applicability of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 to professional golf tours.
The PGA Tour, the main organizer of professional golf tours in the United States, had required all golfers to walk between shots during the third stage of its qualifying tournament, which it argued was an important aspect of the game. Golfer Casey Martin, whose circulatory condition impaired his ability to walk, sued the PGA Tour under the ADA, asserting that it must accommodate his disability by allowing him to use a golf cart. The Supreme Court ruled for Martin in a 7–2 decision.
The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Martin in a 7–2 decision. The court found that the PGA Tour should be viewed as a commercial enterprise operating in the entertainment industry for the economic benefit of its members rather than as a private club. It agreed with the Magistrate Judge, Thomas Coffin, that the statutory definition of public accommodation included a "golf course," rejecting the Tour's argument that its competitions are only places of public accommodation in the areas open to spectators. The operator of a public accommodation could not, in Judge Coffin's view, create private enclaves within the facility "… and thus relegate the ADA to hop-scotch areas." The finding was originally upheld by the United States Court for the Ninth Circuit.
Martin has failed to make it through the PGA Tour Q-school since 2000. He has played in several PGA Tour events, notably in 2004. He resides in Eugene, Oregon and is the men's head golf coach at the University of Oregon.
- "PGA Tour profile - Casey Martin". Retrieved 2012-07-16.
- PGA Tour, Inc. v. Martin Opinion www.law.cornell.edu
- "Supreme Court says Martin can use cart on tour". sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 2001-05-29. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
- "Supreme Court upholds earlier Martin ruling". ESPN. 2001-06-01. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
- Robert S. Brown. "Books Case studies in sport communication". Praeger Publishers. Retrieved 2011-08-11.