PIA Flight 688

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Pakistan International Airlines Flight 688
border image_size = 210px Site=Multan, Pakistan
Pakistan International Fokker F27 similar to the one that crashed
Accident summary
Date 10 July 2006 (2006-07-10)
Summary Engine failure which lead to pilot error
Passengers 41
Crew 4
Injuries (non-fatal) 0
Fatalities 45 (all)
Survivors 0
Aircraft type Fokker F27
Operator Pakistan International Airlines
Registration AP-BAL
Flight origin Multan International Airport, Multan
Destination Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore

Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) Flight 688 (PK688, PIA688) was a Fokker F27, operated by Pakistan's flag carrier Pakistan International Airlines scheduled to operate as a domestic passenger flight from Multan to Lahore and Islamabad. At 12:05 pm on 10 July 2006.[1] It crashed into a field[2] after one of its two engines failed shortly before takeoff[3] from Multan International Airport. All 41 passengers and four crewmembers on board were killed.[4]

PK688 remains as the deadliest plane crash in Pakistan until it was surpassed in 2010, 4 years later when an Airbus A321 flew into Margalla Hills in Islamabad while on approach to Benazir Bhutto International Airport which later become the deadliest in Pakistan to date. As of December 2015, PK688 remains as the third deadliest aviation disaster in Pakistan, just behind Bhoja Air Flight 213 and Airblue Flight 202.

Final report published by Pakistan's Civil Aviation Authority revealed that the Fokker F27 engines, one of its 40 years old engines, encountered problem shortly after take-off. Flight crews should be able to fly just with one engine and made a safe emergency landing. However, the pilots got confused. The Fokker later spiraled down and crashed.


The victims included Asmatullah Khan (Manager Legal Services) of Pakistan International Airlines, Justice Muhammad Nawaz Bhatti and Justice Nazir Ahmed Siddiqui, who served on the Lahore High Court. Three military personnel, Vice-Chancellor of Bahauddin Zakariya University, Prof. Dr. Muhammad Naseer Khan, Prof. Dr. Abdul Rauf Sheikh, Professor department of Urdu at Bahauddin Zakariya University, internationally renowned Pakistani Neurosurgeon Prof. Iftikhar Ali Raja and eight women, including two flight attendants and three doctors, were also among those killed. One of the flight attendants was pulled out alive, but later died.[5][6] According to the Daily Jang Lahore newspaper, no one was pulled alive from the plane.


The plane lost contact with the Multan International Airport control tower two minutes after takeoff.[4] The aircraft hit an electric power line before crashing into a wheat field.[1][2][6] The cause of the crash was the loss of power from the No. 2 engine.[7]


A special investigation team has been assembled by PIA that announced they will compile a report about the crash within a week of the accident.[8] At the same time, the Air League of PIA Employees Union has charged the PIA administration with responsibility for the crash. They argue that the airline operated flights with too few crew members, promoted incompetent officials, and carried out substandard overhaul work on aircraft, among other flaws.[9]

Following this incident, all PIA Fokker aircraft were withdrawn from service and replaced with ATR aircraft. Mr. Muhammad Umer Draz Awan, the district manager of Faisalabad immediately visited the site and took control of the area until the managing director of PIA reached the site.

The investigation concluded that errors by maintenance staff led to the engine failure.[10][11]


  1. ^ a b "Dawn – Multan Plane Crash". Dawn. 10 July 2006. Archived from the original on 15 July 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006. 
  2. ^ a b "All 45 on Pakistani plane killed in crash". Yahoo!. 10 July 2006. Archived from the original on 12 July 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006. 
  3. ^ "Pakistan police: Crash kills 45". CNN. 10 July 2006. Archived from the original on 21 July 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006. 
  4. ^ a b "'No survivors' in Pakistan crash". BBC News. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006. 
  5. ^ "45 dead in PIA Fokker crash". geo.tv. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006. [dead link]
  6. ^ a b "All 45 die in Pak. plane crash, sabotage ruled out". The Hindu. 10 July 2006. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2006. 
  7. ^ CAA final report, section 4.12, page 16.
  8. ^ "Probe report into tragic Fokker plane crash within a week: Investigation team". onlinenews.com.pk. 11 July 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006. 
  9. ^ "PIA administration 'held' responsible for crash". onlinenews.com.pk. 11 July 2006. Retrieved 10 July 2006. 
  10. ^ CAA final report, section 3.9 "Discussion and Analysis", pages 10–12.
  11. ^ Baqir Sajjad Syed (17 February 2007). "Combination of errors cited for Fokker crash". Dawn. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°17′N 71°25′E / 30.283°N 71.417°E / 30.283; 71.417