Pakistan International Airlines Flight 705

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Pakistan International Airlines Flight 705
PIA Boeing 720 at LHR 1964.jpg
A Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 720 similar to the one involved in the accident
Accident summary
Date 20 May 1965
Summary Crashed during approach, excessive descent
Site Cairo International Airport, Egypt
Passengers 114
Crew 13
Fatalities 121
Injuries (non-fatal) 6
Survivors 6
Aircraft type Boeing 720B
Operator Pakistan International Airlines
Registration AP-AMH
Flight origin Karachi Airport, Pakistan
2nd stopover Dhahran International Airport, Saudi Arabia
Last stopover Cairo International Airport, Egypt
Destination London Heathrow Airport, United Kingdom

Pakistan International Airlines Flight 705 (PK705) was a Boeing 720 airliner that crashed while descending to land at Cairo International Airport on 20 May 1965. Of the 121 passengers and crew on board, all but 6 were killed.[1] The accident, the fourth and worst involving a Boeing 720, was the deadliest to occur in Egypt at the time and remains the third-deadliest, behind Flash Airlines Flight 604 and Metrojet Flight 9268.

Accident[edit]

Flight 705 on 20 May 1965 was an inaugural flight between Karachi, Pakistan and London, United Kingdom and was carrying distinguished guests and journalists among the 114 passengers.[2] The aircraft was planned to stop at Dharan in Saudi Arabia, Cairo and then Geneva before completing its journey to London.[2][2] As the aircraft was on final approach to Cairo International Airport, the pilot reported problems with the flaps; shortly thereafter, the aircraft crashed southeast of the airport and broke up as it exploded into flames.[2] Six of the passengers were thrown clear of the wreckage, but everyone else on board was killed.[2]

Wreaths laid at a memorial to the crash on 20 May 2013 by representatives from the Embassy of Pakistan to Egypt and local Pakistani community members

Aircraft[edit]

The aircraft was a Boeing 720-040B[note 1] with the registration AP-AMH and manufacturer's serial number 18379; it was first flown on 19 October 1962 and delivered to Pakistan International Airlines on 7 November 1962.[3] At the time of the accident the aircraft had flown 8378 hours.[3]

Aftermath[edit]

On 26 May the local police reported that a transistor radio had been found in the wreckage of the aircraft with jewellery valued at $120,000 hidden in it.[4]

Investigation[edit]

The probable cause was that "The aircraft did not maintain the adequate height for the circuit and continued to descend until it contacted the ground. The reason for that abnormal continuation of descent is unknown".[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The aircraft was a Boeing 720B model; Boeing assigns a unique code for each company that buys one of its aircraft, which is applied as an infix to the model number at the time the aircraft is built, hence "720-040B".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network
  2. ^ a b c d e "121 Killed in Desert Air Disaster – Pakistan Plane Crashed on new London Route.". News. The Times (56327). London. 20 May 1965. p. 14. 
  3. ^ a b Pither 1998, p. 213
  4. ^ "£43,000 Jewels in Airliner Wreck". News. The Times (56332). London. 27 May 1965. p. 11. 
  5. ^ ICAO Circular 88-AN/74 (113–117)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°07′19″N 31°24′20″E / 30.12194°N 31.40556°E / 30.12194; 31.40556